Third Puni war
in the years between the second and third Puni war was the Roman realm with the conquest light sneezing tables of the realm in the east and holding the Iberer down in the west busily, those before substantial for the success of the Romansin the second Puni war had contributed.
Around 190 v. Chr. a recovery of the karthagischen commonwealth begins by blossoming the trade. That could be done so far that Karthago was ready to pay its entire war debt back at one time. This rejected Rome, probably-knowing that Karthago in such a way remained dependent on Rome. Karthago fulfilled also its alliance obligation against the Seleukiden and contributed to the Roman fleet six ships. Which made particularly to create Karthago, was the danger constantly outgoing from Numidien. If border disputes arose, that calledRome on the plan, a which mostly for Numidien party seized. By the policy of expansion Massinissas of Numidien split the political layer Karthagos into Rome-friendly and Rome hostilely Gesinnte as well as into communication-willing.
After renewed plunderings Massinissas in karthagischem area struck Karthagoback. This injury of the peace of 200 v. Chr. Rome saw as casus belli. Now also the foreign policy of Rome changed itself. Colonies had to be subordinate to Rome directly, instead of partners in the alliance system being (problem reduction). The Roman senate decided 150 v.Chr. smashing the karthagischen realm. One of the most glowing advocates was Cato the older one. From it allegedly the famous sentence comes: Ceterum censeo Carthaginem eats delendam („in all other respects am I the opinion that Karthago must be destroyed “), which heafter each of his speeches to have expressed is. The Scipionen however endorsed the past solution. In the senate however the war proponents succeeded.
One year later started moving a Roman war fleet toward Karthago. Karthago tried everything, around thoseTo prevent argument. One went on all demands of the Romans in excluded publication Karthagos. The year 149 v. Chr. the beginning of a three-year FE storage was Karthagos. Afterwards 146 v. began. Chr. the six-day conquest of the city under PubliusCornelius Scipio Aemilianus. From estimated 500,000 inhabitants 50,000 the Romans resulted. They were sold into the slavery. Rome let the city sharpen after its conquest. From that the 19. Century coming excessive quantity that on Karthagos reason and soilSalt was not scattered, in order to make the area unfruchtbar, is occupied by antique sources. The karthagische area became the Roman province Africa proconsularis and played in the Roman realm only a subordinated role.
- Klaus Carpenter: Rome and Karthago. Wiss. Book company, Darmstadt 2005, ISBN 3-534-15496-7
- harsh ore Heftner: The ascent of Rome, Pustet, Regensburg 1997 (there literature also resuming).