Djibouti

of these articles treats the State of Djibouti. For the capital, see Djibouti (city).
جمهوريةجيبوتي
Dschumhūriyyat Dschībūtī (arab.)
République de Djibouti (frz.)
Republic of Djibouti
Flagge Dschibutis
Wappen Dschibutis
(detail) (detail)
office language Arab, French
capital Djibouti
system of government Republic of
head of state Ismail Omar Guelleh
head of the government Dileita Mohammed Dileita
surface 23,200 km ²
number of inhabitants 767,393 (conditions: January 2005)
Population density of 33 inhabitants per km ²
gros domestic product/inhabitant 770 US-$ (2004)
independence from France to 27. June 1977
currency Djibouti franc
time belt UTC +3
national anthem national anthem of Djibouti
Kfz characteristic DJI
Internet TLD .dj
preselection +253
Karte Afrikas, Dschibuti hervorgehoben
Karte Dschibutis
Eine Frau in der Ortschaft Mouloud, September 2005
a woman in the locality Mouloud, Septembers of 2005
Grundschulkinder in der Ortschaft Mouloud, September 2005
basic school children in the locality Mouloud, September 2005

Djibouti (dt.: [dʒiˈbuːti], Arab: جيبوتي Dschībūtī, frz.: Djibouti) lies in East Africa. Itborders on Ethiopia in the west, Eritrea in the north and Somalia in the south, as well as on the gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. Yemen is only few kilometers far away on the other side of the Red Sea.

  • National holiday: Independence day 27. June

table of contents

geography

the size of the country corresponds about to that of the Land of the Federal Republic Hessen. In the west andThe south is enclosed the country by Ethiopia and in the north is appropriate for Eritrea. In the southeast the country borders on the Republic of Somalia and in the east it by the gulf of Aden is limited. Capital is the port place Djibouti at the gulf ofAden.

Landschaftlich consists the territory partially of the large lowering field of the arid Danakil - and Afartieflands, which down-lowers itself in several unbesiedelten salt basins the partly far under level of the sea level. The largest depth is in the Assalsee about -155m, in the midst of of volcanos in the interior. Also the by far larger Abbésee at the border to Ethiopia is a lake without discharge. It is fed like the Gamarisee by the äthiopischen river Awash, itself - coming from the west -in a system of Salzmarschen and - lakes loses.

The Danakilberge in the north consists of crystalline Massengesteinen and younger basalt covers. They reach about 2,000 m height, whereby the largest collection at the border lies to Ethiopia and Mouso Ali is called. InThe Danakilberge up to the bay of Tadjoura, which cuts Djibouti von Osten ago deeply, extends the south. In the south of the country are levels and basalt covers prevailing. Once the country lay below the sea level, on which numerous Korallenbauten refers to.

Largest citiesare (conditions 1. January 2005):Djibouti of 623,891 inhabitants, Ali Sabieh of 40,074 inhabitants, Tadjoura of 22,193 inhabitants, Obock of 17,776 inhabitants and Dikhil of 12,043 inhabitants.

trade

in relation to the national size orders thatCountry over a broad entrance to the sea. Zurzeit are established not least by investors of the Arab peninsula enormous extensions of the harbor facilities. With the expected completion in the year 2006 the country will have one of the largest container terminals of the region.

There Ethiopia had no own entrance to the sea, completes the Binnenstaat a majority of its trade over Djibouti. Airport and new container terminal permit the conclusion on an intensive co-operation with Dubai .

population

in Djibouti live (projected)767,393 humans, of it 689,743 (90 per cent) in the dye Djibouti city, the capital of the country (conditions 1. January 2005). Keep themselves additional approx. 50.000 Somali refugees in the country up.

The most important peoples are the Afar or Danakil (40%) in the northand the west and the Issa (55%) in the south. The Issa is a Somali trunk. Several civil wars prevailed already between these two ethnical groups. Europeans (particularly Frenchmen) and Arabs (particularly Jemeniten) form a minority.

32% are illiterates.

The predominant part of the population is the Islam turned (94%), of it is most humans Sunniten. The Christians represent a minority (6%). According to governing us data are 60% of the population without work. A dock labourer, inthe stifling heat 500 francs of Djibouti (DF) drag, earn the 50 kg of heavy meal bags of the United Nations on the day, which corresponds to about 2.50 euro. A bed in an accommodation with 10 further persons costs it to 10 of such working days. A loafBread against it costs only 20 DF, contrary to the expensively imported fruits and other goods.

Map of the gulf of Aden (1888)

in the Arhiba, a Slum in the middle in the city, for which only one kilometer far away from the president palace is appropriate, live20,000 humans.

history

for the before-colonial history of the Afar see: Sultanate of Adal

Djibouti was acquired 1862 by France and explained 1896 as the French colony French Somaliland. 1946 became Frz. - Somaliland to the French overseas territory, on which it due to a popular vote to 19. March 1967 into “French Afar and Issagebiet” or “French territory of the Afar and Issa” (Territoire Français of the Afars et the Issas) was renamed after the peoples dominating there.

A large autonomy granted France 1972. After onerenewed popular vote comes it to 27. June 1977 to the independence from France.

To 21. March 1981 signed president at that time Hassan Gouled Aptidon a friendship treaty with the neighboring country Ethiopia with a running time of 10 years.

politics

thoseRepublic of Djibouti is member in the UN and the Arab league. The Intergovernmental Authority on development (IGAD) has its seat in Djibouti.

Acting minister of foreign affairs is Mahamoud Youssouf.

relations with Germany

Bundespräsident Köhler und Staatspräsident Guelleh
Federal President Köhler andPresident Guelleh
Bundespräsident Köhler besucht die Bundeswehr im Einsatz
Federal President Köhler visits the German Federal Armed Forces in the employment

in the continuous very friendly relations between Germany and Djibouti came it at the end of March 2004 temporarily to a diplomatic detuning. One showed disappointment over the refusal of a planned attendance of at that timeFederal President Johannes Rau. After referring to a possible terrorist attack Rau had not accomplished the intended troop attendance with the German troop contingent stationed in the country. Soon thereafter however the attendance of Federal President Professor placed a provisional high point in the bilateral relations.Dr.Refuge charcoal burner to 16. December 2004 . Before it had to 5. /6. June 2004 the Federal Minister at that time for defense, Peter Struck, an official attendance accomplished, and also its successor Franz Josef young visited already briefly after assumption of office to 21. /22. December2005 the German Federal Armed Forces in Djibouti.

military

Djibouti has a Truppenstärke of approximately 10,000 men.

Beside the Frenchmen and Americans also Germany maintains a constant base. The German navy sets 230 soldiers for to time at the horn of Africa inFramework of the operation Enduring Freedom . The sea-going units are shifted for several months to the Bab el Mandeb, in order to supervise from the southern Red Sea over the gulf from Aden into the gulf of Oman the navigation.

ThatMandate of the federal daily was extended last in October 2005 by further 12 months. In the fight against the international terrorism naval forces of the naval federation carry their order out together with the coalition partners: Secure the sea lane lines by control of suspicious ships. A goal is it to cut the supply and the escape routes off of assumed groups of terror.

By the operation Enduring Freedom could be lowered the Piraterie and drug smuggling as a side effect. The insurance premiums for trading vessels became therefore on the most important sea lane of the asiatic with thatEuropean markets substantially lowered. Before the coast by Somalia frequently ships are gekapert nevertheless by Piraten; the horn of Africa ranks among most dangerous waters of the world.

administrative arrangement

Djibouti is divided into five regions and the capital Djibouti, which possesses a special status. The regions are:

  • Ali Sabieh
  • Arta
  • Dikhil
  • Obock
  • Tadjoura


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coordinates: 10° 54 ' - 12° 42 ' N, 41° 47 ' - 43° 24 ' O

 

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