Dubislav Gneomar of Natzmer

Dubislav Gneomar of Natzmer (* 1654 in Gutzmin polarize (today. Chocimino), circle Schlawe (today Sławno) in Pommern; † 13. May 1739 in Berlin), was a Prussian general, that at the end 17. and in the first half 18. Century worked.

life

Sprössling of a family of the pommerschen Uradels kaschubischer origin, which were already mentioned documentary 1202, and son of the Schlawer land advice s Joachim Heinrich v. N. († 1670) and its wife Barbara geb. from Weyer, Dubislav stepped as a young boy into Dutch and only 1677 into kurbrandenburgische services as a second lieutenant with the “elite Eskadron Dragoons” of the lieutenant colonel Joachim Ernst von Grumbkow. This troop should as 1. Schlesi body Kürassierregiment “large cure prince “(location: Breslau) to 1918 exist and beside the regiment of gene intestine created by Natzmer and its successors as the most distinguished regiment of the Prussian Kavallerie apply. Natzmer participated in the FE storage of Stettin and the following fights against Sweden , occasionally than aide George von Derfflingers. 1680 it became a staff captain and fought 1686 with honor against the Turks. After the war the large cure prince appointed it the general aide.

Natzmer received now the task to educate a new regiment which it created from German noblemen and which Grands Mousquetaires received the name (later: Gene intestine). He became as a lieutenant colonel the first commander of this troop and fought with it in Holland for the prince von Oranien, then against the Frenchmen on the Rhine, in Brabant, Luxembourg and Flanders. In the year 1696 Natzmer was promoted to major general. While the battle with high city it befehligte the Prussian Kavallerie and was heavily wounded. Now lieutenant general, he fenced with honor in the battle with Malplaquet and the battle with Oudenaarde. In the year 1714 Natzmer became knight black eagle medal, after which conquest of Stralsund it became the general of the Kavallerie and finally 1728 the general field marshal carried.

In the year 1730 it contributed its unerschrockenes occurrence and its moderating influence to the fact that Friedrich William I. its son, the later Friedrich II. for its escape attempt so strictly did not punish, as he had originally intended it.

Natzmer was twice married: in first marriage with Sophie of Wreech and in second with Charlotte Justine of Gersdorff, verw. Countess of Zinzendorff († 1763), from which it had two sons: Carl Dubislav († 1737) and Heinrich Ernst († 1739). Both were unvermählt and still died before the father, so that the pommersche line of those from Natzmer expired. The family had spread however and came into the Marks, to Saxonia and Schlesien, where it possessed several goods. In the year ten Natzmers in the Prussian army served 1806 and held high places.

Dubislav of Natzmer died in the year 1739 in Berlin.

From century-long working to the family Natzmer in Eastern Pomerania this very day (2004) two place names in the area of Schlawe and Labes witness: Naćmierz Sławieński (Natzmershagen) 15 km north of Schlawe and Nacmierz (Natzmersdorf) with Labes.

literature

  • George von Alten, Handbuch for army and fleet, volume VI., Berlin 1914
  • Theodor Fontane, migrations by the Mark Brandenburg, 1-5., Wiesbaden o.J.
  • Ernst Heinrich Kneschke, new general German aristocracy Lexicon. Volume VI., Leipzig 1856


 

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