Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington in the Hurricane club 1943

Edward Kennedy „Duke “Ellington (* 29. April 1899, Washington, D.C.; † 24. May 1974, New York) was an American jazz - composer, - pianist and - picking up vein, carrier the liberty medal of the president 1969 and since 1973 member of the Ehrenlegion in France.

„It don't mean A thing, if it ain't got that swing. “

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Ellington was the son waiter James Edward of the Ellington, which worked uniquely as Butler in the white house, operated later a party service and tried its children to educate, as if they would grow up in a wealthy, good-civil household. The small Ellington already received first piano instruction as a seven-year-old from itsNut/mother, Daisy Kennedy Ellington. Due to its distinguished radiant emittance he was appointed already in his youth from schoolmates to „the Duke “. It began its professional career as a musician with 17 years. When it pulled with 24 years to New York, it based there with a group musiciansfrom Washington the volume „The which hang tonus to “. Ellington & The which hang tonus to played in different New Yorker clubs and tourten until 1927 as dance music volume by new England. When the famous King of olive left the well-known Cotton club, Ellington the job was offered as house volume. In the Harlemer club,particularly by the regular radio transmissions of the Cotton club, reached „Duke Ellington and his Jungle volume “national admittingness.

In this time Ellington had the possibility of composing music in various style variants for dance theatres and further special fields that volume. He experimented often in the tonality,with crying trumpets and Wah Wah, or knurrenden saxophones. When Ellington left the Cotton club 1931, it was one of the most well-known Afro Americans; regularly it produced for record companies and Filmstudios. Ellington undertook with its volumes tours by the United States and Europe, as well as oneWorld tour into the 1960er years. It worked its whole life as a musical experimenter and took up not only with its orchestra but also with rather the artistic avant-garde of the jazz counting musicians such as John Coltrane and Charles Mingus numerous titles. The volume reached into that 1940er years a creative high point, when it arranged and composed its orchestra purposefully for the different voices. This development became to large extents of the pianist, Arrangeur, and composer Billy Strayhorn affected, the Ellington end of the thirties-years to know learned and to its orchestra took up. Ellingtonand Strayhorn connected a lifelong, close friendship. The most well-known piece of the Ellington orchestra comes also not - as frequently falsely accepted - from the Duke, but from Billy Strayhorn.

But even as musicians it and the popularity of the Swings back went, found Ellington left new forms,Tying and Sidemen. In its late work it composed Brown and beige (1943) frequently in longer forms, whereby it oriented itself at classical music, like its Black, looks for Sweet Thunder (1957), based on William Shakespeare, as well as the bending volume version of the Peer Gynt Suite (1960) show. The connection of the originally separate compositions Diminuendo in Blue and Crescendo in Blue from the year 1937 to Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue by a tenor saxophone extending over 27 Chori - solo ones of Paul Gonsalves during new haven the jazz festival 1956 furnished the desired comeback by publication of a live-with cut.

während einer Konzertpause 1965
while a concert break 1965

criticized sinfonischen work at Ellingtons longer, however occasionally that it would have lost sight of the substantial of the jazz with them in favor of one „artificial classical period “.

President Nixon presents those to liberty medal of thePresidents

1965 Ellington for the Pulitzer price was nominated, which he did not receive however. Its comment:

„The fate is friendly to me. It does not want that I become too young famous. “

To 24. It received April 1969 from the hand from US president Richard Nixon for itsLife's work the Presidential Medal OF Freedom.

Duke Ellington died to 24. May 1974 at a pneumonia and was buried at the Woodlawn cemetery in New Yorker quarters the Bronx.

In the year 1997 the sculptor Robert Graham set a monument in New Yorker cent ral the park for itat the crossing of Fifth Avenue and 110th Street. In his birth city Washington exists to its memory the Duke Ellington School OF the kind, which instructs talented pupils for a career in the range of the beautiful arts.



- Duke Ellington- Piano - Otto Hardwick - saxophone - Arthur Whetsel - trumpet - Elmer Snowden - banjo - Sonny Greer - Drums


- Duke Ellington - piano - Otto Hardwick - saxophone - Bubber Miley trumpet - Elmer Snowden - banjo - Charlie Irvis- Trombone - Sonny Greer - Drums


- Duke Ellington - piano - Otto Hardwick - saxophone - Harry Carney - saxophone - Bubber Miley - trumpet - Elmer Snowden - banjo - “Tricky SAM” Nantons - trombone - Sonny Greer - Drums -4 further members, those not in particular are 1928


Duke Ellington - admit to piano - Otto Hardwick - saxophone - Harry Carney - saxophone - Jonny Hodges - saxophone - Barney bending pool of broadcasting corporations - of clarinet - Cootie Williams - trumpet - Elmer Snowden - banjo -“Tricky SAM” Nantons - trombone - Sonny Greer - Drums - of 4 further members, those not in particular admits is


- Duke Ellington - piano - Otto Hardwick - saxophone - Harry Carney - saxophone - Jonny Hodges - saxophone - Barney bending pool of broadcasting corporations - of clarinet- Cootie Williams - trumpet - Elmer Snowden - banjo - “Tricky SAM” Nantons - trombone - Lawrence Brown - trombone - Sonny Greer - Drums - of 4 further members, those not in particular admits is 1939 (last occupation)

- Duke Ellington - piano - OttoHardwick - saxophone - Harry Carney - saxophone - Johnny Hodges - saxophone - Ben Webster - saxophone - Barney bending pool of broadcasting corporations - clarinet - Cootie Williams - trumpet - Elmer Snowden - banjo - “Tricky SAM” Nantons - trombone - Lawrence Brown - trombone -Jimmy Blanton - bass (+1941) - Sonny Greer, SAM Woodyard - Drums - of 2 further members, those not in particular admits is - Billy Strayhorn - Arrangeur


Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington was not an outstanding size of the jazz of the 1920er up to that 1960er years with one to today not influence which can be underestimated. One ranks it among the largest American composers. Among its numerous successes rank: Take the A Train, Satin Doll, Rockin' in Rhythm, Mood Indigo, caravan or Sophisticated lady. Into that1920er and 1930er years developed them frequently in co-operation with Irving Mills, starting from end of the 1930er years with Billy Strayhorn.

Many its works wrote Ellington for individual musicians of its orchestra. It set their individual talents purposefully for the sound of its music. In addition Johnny Hodges, Bubber Miley, Cootie Williams, Joe counted „Tricky SAM “Nanton, Barney bending pool of broadcasting corporations, Ben Webster, Harry Carney, Sonny Greer, Otto Hardwicke and Wellman Braud. Among the most well-known these compositions that ranks 1940 taken up Concertofor Cootie. Some musicians such as Jimmy Blanton and Ben Webster gave the jazz during the short time, them with Ellington played extensive impulses, many musicians such as Johnny Hodges, Barney bending pool of broadcasting corporations and Otto Hardwicke belonged decades to his ensemble and experienced in thisTime their artistic high points.

Ellington wrote also Filmmusiken, from Black and Tan Fantasy (1929), over Anatomy OF A Murder (1959) with James Stewart as to picking up vein, to Paris Blues (1961) with Paul Newman and Sidney a Poitier as jazz musicians.


it are more than 2000 compositions Ellingtons on record. A small selection:

  • East pc. Louis Toodle Oo 1927
  • Black & Tan Fantasy 1927
  • Black Beauty 1928
  • Creole Love call 1928
  • Jubilee Stomp 1928
  • The Mooche 1929
  • Dreamy Blues/Mood Indigo 1931
  • Rockin' in Rhythm1931
  • Creole Rhapsody 1931
  • It Don' t Mean A Thing (If It Ain' t Got That Swing) 1932
  • Sophisticated lady 1933
  • Daybreak express 1934
  • delta serenade 1935
  • in A sentimentally Mood 1935
  • Reminiscing in speed 1935
  • Clarinet Lament 1936
  • caravan 1937
  • Azure 1937
  • Diga Diga Doo 1937
  • Blue Reverie 1937
  • Pyramid 1938
  • Prelude tons of A Kiss 1938
  • C Jam Blues 1938
  • Battle OF Swing 1939
  • Blue Light 1939
  • Subtle Lament 1939
  • Sergeant which Shy 1939
  • Ko-CO 1939
  • Concerto for Cootie 1939
  • Cotton Tail 1940
  • universe too Soon 1940
  • warmly Valley 1941
  • Takethe “A” Train 1941
  • I Got bath (and That Ain' t Good) it 1941
  • Just Squeeze ME (But Don't Tease ME) 1941
  • Don' t GET Around Much Anymore 1942
  • Moon muck 1942
  • Diminuendo 1943
  • Crescendo in Blue 1943
  • Across the Train Blues 1943
  • DO' Till YouHear from ME 1943
  • I' m Beginning ton lake the Light 1944
  • Perfume Suite 1944
  • Harlem 1950
  • Lonesome Valley 1956
  • A Drum Is A Women 1956
  • Monologue 1957
  • Portrait OF Ella Fitzgerald 1957
  • Satin Doll 1958
  • Midnight Indigo 1959
  • look for Sweet Thunder 1959
  • Sunswept Sunday 1959

larger ones of works and pieces of concert

  • of Black, Brown, and beige 1945
  • new haven jazz festival Suite 1956
  • A Drum Is A Woman 1956
  • Royal Ancestry (Portrait OF Ella Fitzgerald) 1957
  • Shakespearean Suite 1957
  • Toot Suite 1958
  • Jump for Joy 1959
  • Anatomy OF A Murder 1959
  • The Ellington Suites (inclusive Queens Suite) 1959
  • Nutcracker Suite 1960
  • Paris Blues 1961
  • The far East Suite 1964
  • The Second Sacred Concert 1967
  • … and His MON ago Called Him Bill 1967
  • Francis A. Sinatra & Edward K. Ellington (1968, with Frank Sinatra)
  • new Orleans Suite1971


  • Studs Terkel: Giant of the jazz. Two thousand-unity, Frankfurt 2005 ISBN 3-86150-723-4
  • Mercer Ellington: Duke Ellington - a biography. Albert Müller publishing house, Rüschlikon Zurich 1980 ISBN 3-275-00748-3
  • James Lincoln collier: Duke Ellington, genius of the jazz. Hannibal, Vienna 1989 ISBN 3-85445-045-1
  • Darmstädter of contributions for jazz research, volume 6:Duke Ellington and the consequences. Cloud, yard home 2000 ISBN 3-923997-91-4

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| | * Literature of and over Duke Ellington in the catalog of the DDB



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