|of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Dundee (term clarifying).|
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Dundee is very old as settlement place, it already was during that Eisenzeit spades tables a settlement. In its book “History OF the Scottish People” (from the year 1527) writes the Scottish philosopher Hector Boece (1465-1536) that the spades tables name of the settlement Alec tum was, which meant as much as pretty place.
In the year 1191 the place received fromKing William I (William the Lion, 1165-1214) municipal rights (“Royal Burgh”). There his brother David, count von Huntingdon, called the city “Donum Dei” (gift of God), as it on his way back of the third crusade a shipwreck in violent stormsurvived. To the thanks it donated a church (the later pc. Mary Church)
the today's name originates from the Gäli Dun Dèagh, castle at the Tay. The name part of Dun (castle, attachment plant) is frequent in Scottish place names, like for example in Dunfermline or Dunkeld.
InYear 1303 was destroyed Dundee of the Englishmen under Edward I (mentioned “the hammer of the Scots”), all historical documents, which had been brought in the church in security, were destroyed. Also during the following centuries Dundee was geplündert again and again by of the Englishmen.
Dundee became later above all admits because of its jute - industry. This developed itself as a result of these whale catches. The whale-catching company supplied whale oilfor the lamps of the city. In early 19. Century found one that one could treat and then to solid materials convert jute, which was imported from India with whale oil, those out for various products, from bags up to carpets, was used. Dundee developedto a world center of the jute processing.
Consequently the city grew in 19. Century within only 50 years of 35.000 to 130.000 inhabitants. Also today there is textile industry in Dundee still, but after the Second World War the demand for jute decreased/went back so far that manyEnterprises to be closed had.
Between 1975 and 1996 Dundee was capital of the region Tayside.
Law RRS Discovery and, is to see today in the city no longer much from their history to. Only few historical buildings stand still, and only one town-gate, East gate, is still received. The schemes of reconstruction and of the 70's 60's 20. Century did a remaining.
Today Dundee is onemodern large city, with shopping centre and pedestrian precinct, park plants, and a delightful promenade at the river Tay.
The University of Dundee was created 1881, connected themselves 1887 with the university of pc. Andrew, is however today again independent. Besides the city has several important schools, like for exampleDuncan the OF Jordanstown college OF kind.
The earlier port of Dundee, homeland of the formerly large whale-catching fleet, lost and is supplied its meaning today to large parts of a new use, than public park plants, for purchase and maintenance centers and sports sites. There still that stands Warship HMS Unicorn, which ran 1824 from the pile and which served British navy 144 years long.
The speciality, which one connects particularly with Dundee, is jam. The area around Dundee is particularly suitable for the cultivation of fruit, and in the city it givesa considerable Konservenindustrie.
The orange jam “was invented” in Dundee by the buyer woman Janet Keiller. It cooked bitter oranges, which were supplied from Spain and which nobody wanted to eat, with sugar in, to from it good-tasting compotes, which became famous Scottish orange jam.
One speaks in Great Britainof the fact that Dundee of the three “J “lives, jute, Jam (jam) and journalism. The latter plays also today still another important role. In the year 2005 the publishing house house DC Thomson & cost celebrates. its hundred-year existence. The company publishes beside some important newspapers, like TheSunday post office and The Courier above all Comics, magazines and child literature.
With Dundee the river Tay is spanned by a railway bridge, which was built 1887. It stands approximately in the place, in which a bridge had confessed already before. This was to 28. December 1879while a storm broken down, while it was crossed straight by a course. 75 humans lost their life. (see Firth OF Tay bridge).
to objects of interest
- the highest collection of the city is the Dundee Law,a former volcanic cone, which offers a good chance for Dundee and environment with 174 meters height.
- Pc. Mary's Tower or old Steeple is a 48 meter high former church tower, the only part, that of the before reformatorischen pc. Mary Church is still received. An ascentis possible.
- The town center Churches three churches in a building Dudhope
- Castle offer are a concluding from that to 16. Century, surround by the delightful Dudhope park.
- To Caird resound is a large building with column-decorated front, that from 1914 to 1916 at the south side of the Town center Square, the central place of the city was built. The draft comes from James Thomson (1852 - 1927) and the building designated after the founder Sir James Caird, a rich jute manufacturer. On the inside is a concert hall with 2150 seats (formerly 3300).
- In the middle in the city centre is The Howff, an old cemetery, which resulted in December 1564 from a decree of Mary Queen OF Scots (Maria Stuart). The plant was used not only as cemetery, but until 1778 also as meeting place of the guilds. Herestand interesting gravestones from that for 16. to 18. Century. Among them of James the Chalmers, the inventor of the stamp.
- There is a gulf museum, in which the history of the gulf haven is shown over three centuries.
- In the museum Verdant Works in an old jute factory becomesthe history of the jute industry in Dundee represented.
- The art gallery contains one the oldest well-known Astrolabien of 1555.
partnerships between cities
- Orléans, France
- Alexandria, Virginia, the USA
- Nablus, West Jordan territory
- Zadar, Croatia
- Dubai, united Arab emirates
of sons and daughters thatCity
- James Chalmers, inventor of the stamp
- James Bowman Lindsay of one the inventor of the lamp
- Williamina Fleming, US-American Astronomin
- George Galloway, British professional politician and Pazifist
- Francis Japp, Scottish chemist
- Alison Louise Kennedy, British authoress
- Malcolm Sim Longair, Scottish astronomer
- Elizabeth McColgan lynching, Scottish light athlete and Olympionikin
Web on the left of
- official tourist information
- controllable Webcam in the city centre
Commons: Dundee - pictures, videos and/or audio files
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