the Duppauer mountains (Czech Doupovské hory) is a low mountain range in Tschechien. It has a surface of 607 km ² and lies to a large extent in the districts Karlovy Vary and Chomutov in the northwest Böhmens, eastern Ausläufer is in the Okres Louny. From the ore mountains north present it is separated by the valley of the Eger. The mountains are unbesiedelt and are militarily used today to large parts. The troop exercise area Hradiště (VVP Hradiště, also Vojenský újezd Hradiště) is the largest with a surface of 330 km ² in Tschechien.
Table of contents
along the river run of the Eger in the north extends the mountains of Karl bath (Karlovy Vary) eastward to Klášterec nad Ohří (Klösterle to the Eger) and Kadaň (Kaaden). East it borders on the Saazer basin, where because of its Ausläufern the places Podbořany and Lubenec are. West the Duppauer of mountains the emperor forest extends, in the southwest changes it into the Tepler high country . South mountains are the municipalities Bochov (bake-strike), Žlutice (Luditz) and Chyše (Chiesch). The earlier political, economical and cultural center of the mountains formed the city Doupov (Duppau), vacated between 1954 and 1955, which does not exist today any longer. Along the Eger are several castle ruins.
geology and arrangement
the mountains are volcanic origin and consist predominantly of basalt rock. Its emergence took place in two phases during Oligozän and Miozän. In the place of the today's mountains was about 2,000 m a high volcanic summit comparable in its extents with the Ätna, which exploded with an outbreak and whose ash cone was cleared away by erosion. The Duppauer boiler forms its Krater. The Liboc (Aubach) with its supplies mark brook (Kozlovský potok) and high valley brook arranges the mountains into two main plates, the Liesener plate and the Burgstadtler mass.
the Liesener plate
(Rohozecká vrchovina) forms Liesener and Hengbergplatte the northeast mountain part close Kadaň (Kaaden). It is marked by gentle fruitful valleys and forest wealth and is with an average height of 650 m the lowest part of the mountains. Across the mountain plateau passport led an old action race from the Egertal with Velichov ( withered-strike ) after Doupov at the Olleschauer (Duppau). The valley of the Bublava (playing the violin brook), flowing with Oslovice (Woslowitz) into the Eger, forms the natural border to (Hengbergplatte) the western part mentioned. The highest collection is the 811.7 m high Lesná (Liesen).
The Hengbergplatte (Jehličenská hornatina) is characterised by deep schroffe valleys to the Eger. Because of the inhospitable conditions and little productive soils this part was only thinly populated. It exhibits a multiplicity of tectonic disturbances, which are the cause for the rich occurrence of Säuerlingen. Admit are the sour wells of Kyselka (Giesshübl Sauerbrunn) and from Korunní (crowning village). The highest summit of this part is the Velká Jehličná (Hengberg) with 827,8 M.
the highest part of the mountains forms the Burgstadtler mass (Hradišťská hornatina), which received its name from the double peak of the Burgstadtl (Hradiště), which forms the highest summit of the Duppauer of mountains with 933,8. This southern mountain part is characterised by its rough climate. It was settled only meagerly, its inhabitants lived of cattle breeding and pastoral industry.
In the southwest for the mass a high high plateau from that is appropriate for 850 m the four highest mountains stands out and a Wasserscheide between Eger and Moldau forms. It represents the Kraterrand of the former volcano.
the center of the mountains forms the Duppauer boiler large of the Aubach (Liboc) durchflossene 20 km ². The volcanic Explosionskrater with a diameter of 5 km, whose magma chimney is characterized by that the center of the boiler convenient Theralithhügel 648.5 m of the high Flurbühl, formed all mountains by its eruptions. Because of the east slope of the Flurbühls was in 570 m u. M. the city Doupov, which was dissolved 1955.
the Duppauer mountains was because of its natural conditions the most thinly settled area Böhmens. Its inhabitants were to a large extent Germans. Except the city Duppau existed in the year 1921 still 17 municipalities. The total population amounted to at this time 15,149 humans, who lived in 2.725 houses. On the remote villages formed cattle breeding, fruit-growing, Zeidlerei and line weaving mill the base of life of the inhabitants. On the fruitful soils a agricultural use, stonier fields took place for the cultivation of the Duppauer of mountain oats, in addition, to the hop and vegetable growing was used. By the protection of the ore mountains has the north mountains a dry climate and belonged to the warmest places in Böhmen.
troop exercise area
after driving the Germans out in the years 1945 and 1946 could be settled the mountain area only very weakly. The Czechoslovakian government compelled during the time the cold war for the establishment of a troop exercise area in the mountains. At 1953 began the evacuation of the inhabitants, that were final 1955. After 1960 the former city Duppau as well as empty-standing villages in maneuvers was made equal to the ground as target objects for the bombardment and bombardment by the land and air forces. 1991 insisted on the troop exercise area of only 102 houses, in which 616 humans lived. Altogether 67 localities, Weiler and yards were destroyed and made equal to the ground.
The mountains developed today due to from the 40-jährigen use complete inaccessibility resulting as troop exercise area to a habitat of rare planting and animal species. Rich populations of the kitchen clip developed. For the 1990er years admission is again possible after prior permission. Still the area is used however for military exercises.
in the course of the past centuries gave it several attempts to locate the 632 Wogastisburg in the Duppauer, mentioned in the Fredegar chronicle in the years 631/, mountains. As possible locations the 593.3 m high Burberg (Úhošť) became, a powerful northeast Vorberg of the Liesener plate at the village belonging to Úhošťany (Atschau), to the city Kadaň, as well as a hill at the village Hradec (Burgstadtl) consulted.
As the newest location variant the Rubín belonging to the easternmost mountain from runners (351.7 m) is with the locality Dolánky (Podbořany) in the discussion.
most well-known collections
- Hradiště (Burgstadtl), 933.8 m
- Malé hradiště (small Burgstadtl), 926.2 m
- Pustý zámek (Ödschlossberg), 925 m
- Nad ovčarnou (in the Öd), 912.3 m
- Větrovec, 900.9 m
- Velká Jehličná (Hengberg, also grass mountain) 827.8 m
- Lesná (Liesen), 811.7 m
- Huseň (Hussen), 762 m
- Trmovský vrch (dry muzzles mountain), 744 m
- Flurbühl, 648.5 m
- Úhošť (Burberg), 593.3 m