Dur

Dur (v. lat. durum „hard “) the clay/tone sex of all kinds of clay/tone and chords in the Dur Moll system in the music, which contain a large third ( also Durterz called , marks) in relation to the basic clay/tone. The Gegenbegriff to the Dur is Moll, its basic characteristic thosesmall third is.

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Etymologie

the expressions Dur and Moll come of the appearance to the different Notenköpfe, those once for the distinction of the neighbouring tones B and H were used. In the earlier scales (see Hexachorde) one needed the H than third stage outgoing from the clay/tone G, while one had to avoid the H outgoing from the clay/tone F as the fourth stage (see tri tonus) and insteadB began. For this purpose one noted an H with angular Notenkopf (b durum), a B however with round Notenkopf (b molle). The today's form of the signs ( a b for the deeper clay/tone, a #for the higher) decreases/goes back likewise to it. Also the Italian designations correspond to that „bemolle “for the b - signs and „bequadro “for the natural sign.

The association of the clay/tone sexes with characteristics as „hard “(= Dur) and „softly “(= Moll) came only muchwith the disappearing of the kinds of church clay/tone and the Manifestation of the Dur Moll system up, however in the music teachings solidified themselves many later and even in etymologischen dictionaries still one represented.

Durtonleiter

the modes:
Ionisch
Dorisch
Phrygisch
Lydisch
Mixolydisch
Äolisch
Lokrisch
Schematische Darstellung der Durtonleiter (Erläuterung)
schematic representation of the Durtonleiter (explanation)

the Durtonleiter (or Durskala) has the progression 1-1 ½ - 1-1-1 ½ and corresponds in its interval sequence to the ionischen mode. Since that 16. Century is it, still before the Mollskala, which usually-usedScale of the abendländischen music. For the abendländische hearing it is the most common scale. The twelve Durtonleitern are designated in each case after their initial clay/tone. Thus z result in. B. the naturals C, D, E, F, G, A, H, C the C-Dur-Tonleiter.

Characteristically ofthe Durtonleiter is the half-tone steps between the third and fourth clay/tone as well as the sieved clay/tone and the Oktave is. The sieved clay/tone has the function of a guidance clay/tone. The remaining intervals of the Durtonleiter are complete clay/tone steps.

Hearing example: Bild:Loudspeaker.png

There are Mollparallele

and Mollvariante to each Durtonart a kind of parallel clay/tone in Moll, also Mollparallele mentioned, which contains the same tones (and concomitantly with the same signs one notes), however a small third more deeply begins (z. B. C major - A-Moll) and thus the progression typical for Moll contains.

The kind of variance clay/tone of a Durtonart begins however on the same basic clay/tone (z. B. C major - C-Moll), possesses however due to the progression different in the Moll other signs. The Mollvariante lies thereforealways three steps below than the underlying Durtonart: Thus z becomes. B.E major with four crosses, e-Moll however with a cross marked.

See also: Quintenzirkel

further Durtonleitern

to the Durtonleitern in the broader sense (there it likewise onelarge third to the basic clay/tone contained) also the kinds of church clay/tone Lydisch and Mixolydisch as well as the Spanish and Jewish scale and the gypsy Dur can be counted.

Durdreiklang

the tones of the Durdreiklanges (see also chord) are the basic clay/tone, thirdand the fifth stage of the Durtonleiter (thus Prime, large third and Quinte). In the overtone row the Durakkord corresponds to the tones of the 4. to 6. Order (oscillation relationship 4:5 and/or. 5:6).


Wiktionary: Dur - word origin, synonyms and translations
 

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