It applies - beside Étienne Jules Marey and Ottomar Anschütz - due to its row photographies and series photographs with studies of the human and the animal course of motion as one of the most important early representatives of the Chronofotografie.
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Muybridge visited the school in Kingston and found a first employment with London Printing and Publishing of cost., for which it moved to 1852 as a representative into the USA. Beginning of the 60's 19. Century learned he the technology of the photography in San Francisco with Silas Selleck. He found an occupation subsequently, with the landscape photographer Carleton E. Watkins. Later it made independent and worked themselves for Thomas Houseworth and the U.S. Was department.
1872 it was engaged by Leland Stanford, in order to determine the accurate leg position of a trabenden horse. Thus it justified the series photography with complex superstructures, consisting of 12, 24 and finally 36 synchronized cameras. Thus the visible proof was furnished for the first time that with the galloping horse occasionally all four legs are in air. Finally Muybridge invented zoo practice copilot.
Muybridge had to flee from the USA, after he had murdered the lover of his wife and only 1877 returned again.
- 1887: Animal Locomotion; At Electro Photographic Investigation OF Consecutive Phases OF Animal Movement, Philadelphia - eleven volumes also over 100.000 photographs on 781 plates from the years 1872 to 1885
- 1901: The human Figure in Motion, Philadelphia
Muybridges influence on the screen end art
1890 inspired the photo series of Annie G. galloping from Animal Locomotion Frederic Remington to cowboy. In the following years the technology to be shown so far developed further frames could in motion that ever more (above all US-American artists) changed their indication style radically. Thus Marcel Duchamp painted inspired 1912 climbing down from Woman Walking Downstairs the painting act, stairs.
The New Yorker artist Caren Canier approached to at the beginning 21. Century Muybridge photo series from a postmodern allegorischen perspective. In its paintings it analyzed the constant of the time and the aesthetics of the Frames.
Tim MacMillan finally, the inventor of cineastischen special effects (admits to a larger public by the matrix films for the first time), calls beside the Kubismus Muybridge explicitly as a forerunner of its Bullet Timetechnology. The apparently impossible effect of a movement around” in the time a frozen “figure found in the second half of the 1990er years in Popvideos and advertising tie-clip spreading.
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and over Eadweard Muybridge in the catalog of the DDB
- various example photographies
- virtual exhibition over Eadweard Muybridge in national the museum OF American History
- American kind & Early film
- Marcel Duchamp: Act, stairs climbing down Nr.2 (1912)]
- Muybridge and the work of Caren Canier
- Muybridge - “inventor” the Multiperspektivität
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Muggeridge, Edward James [actual name]|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||English photographer and pioneer of the photography method|
|DATE OF BIRTH||9. April 1830|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kingston upon Thames, England|
|DYING DATE||8. May 1904|
|DYING PLACE||Kingston upon Thames, England|