Eduard goose

Eduard goose (* 22. March 1798, after other sources 1797, in Berlin; † 5. May 1839 ebenda) was a German lawyer, right philosopher and a historian.

Goose was the son of the banker Abraham Isaak goose and its wife Zippora Marcus. Its father belonged to the liberal, assimilated Judentum and was one the financial adviser of the state State of Karl August prince of hard mountain. Its nephew was the later chemist and industrial magnate Leo Ludwig goose.

After goose had completed its school time at the grey monastery, it began at 1816 law to study philosophy and history in Berlin. In the following year it changed with the same subjects to the University of Goettingen. 1819 successfully terminated goose its study (Summa cum laude) with a graduation over Roman obligation right in Heidelberg. There he was mostly pupil of Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut and George Friedrich Hegel, whose thought building he trained in the historical and jurisprudence. Particularly thereby theories of the emergence of the possession interested it.

Together with other orthodox Hegelianern it created the yearbooks for scientific criticism. On recommendation Hegels, which already taught there for two years, got goose 1820 an employment as a private lecturer at the University of Berlin. Already one year before had goose as well as gleichgesinnten friends, among other things Leopold Zunz and Moses Moser, which association for Cultur and science of the Jews based, who it managed in the years 1821 to 1824 also as a president. To the young Reformern it concerned primarily to take out and merge into the thought world of Europe Jewish young people of the mental bulkheading; 1824 dissolved the association however.

Despite the Prussian Emanzipationsedikts of 1812 Jew the official career was still refused: a special arrangement for particularly capable university graduates had been made for 1822 by a royal Kabinettsordre from cause of the application Gans´ around a tidy Hochschulprofessur again retrogressive and entered as so-called Lex goose Prussian historical jurisprudence . Also a switching attempt of hard mountain did not align anything in this case. Therefore goose kovertierte 1825 to the Evangelist faith and let themselves be baptized.

Already 1826 became goose a.o. Professor., shortly thereafter o. Professor. the rights at the university appointed of Berlin. it was promoted to 1832 to the Dekan of the legal faculty.

The ideas of the Vormärz goose faced extremely positively. It received student torch/flare courses and organized a signature action for those of its offices relieved Göttinger filters. As a historian he saw the crucial turning point in European history in the French revolution and welcomed 1830 the July revolution as necessary development in the sense of the liberal of middle class. A republican was he however not, and he leaned the radical dialectic of the jungheleglianischen club natures likewise starting from like the efforts the restoration.

As state ideal the Prussian state was considered to it as constitutional monarchy under guidance enlightened, strong sovereign; He distrusted to democracy and republic. As one first it had the political vision united Europe, in which German, French, latin, Greek and Jewish inheritance should flow together; Nationalist was not he, and the romantic Middle Ages - Schwärmerei of his time remained strange for him - his political view went into the future and to the west.

As instruction understood it goose contrary to other professors to pack his theories public-effectively and to let abstract at the concrete events of the day become alive. Its lectures were extremely like - partly interested laymen flowed into the lecture-rooms up to one thousand students and, so that the Prussian authorities let the meetings break off; under the listeners also the young Karl Marx sat starting from 1836. That this is to have been affected however by goose and even a doctor work with goose planned, is Kolportage.

Eduard goose was active also as an author of popular-scientific historical books and than journalist: as Berlin correspondent of the Cotta general newspaper in Augsburg and as a political travel journalist. It maintained one moves social handling and was and. A. with Heinrich Heine and Karl August Varnhagen of Ense gets used to.

Its largest academic adversary at the legal faculty in Berlin was Friedrich Carl von Savigny. Differently than the conservative Staatsrechtler, which wanted to only regard and lay the emergence out and development of laws made by humans as natural phenomena , since he regarded her as it were to humans as „eternally “given and göttlich, demanded the Hegelianer goose a view of legal facts, above all such of the possession, from the spirit of philosophical speculation and historical allocation. He accused intellectual sharpness lacking and missing historical knowledge to the right historians around Savigny. The partial embittered and academic guerilla war between the powerful Savigny, led with hard verbal attacks, and popular goose should persist up to the early death latter 1797: Still on the dying bed he is to have written a lampoon against his old enemy.

At the age of scarce over 40 years Professor died. Dr. Eduard goose to 5. May 1839 in Berlin.

Eduard goose is considered today as one the founder of the comparative jurisprudence in Germany. Its unfinished Hauptwerk remained vomit in world-historical development (four volumes appeared 1824-1835) 1845 partly into the French one translated, where its work received the largest attention except in Germany. Also English and Italian translations in excerpts are present.

Eduard goose made itself also as a publisher of the works Hegels a name: 1833 appeared volume eight (baselines of the philosophy of the right) and 1837 volume nine (lectures on the philosophy of history) under its leadership.

The Hegelianer goose - mentally a child of the Vormärz and nevertheless an own head - long time was forgotten of the Rechtsphilosphie, since it was regarded only as epigonales link between Hegel and Marx. Today the scientific research begins to rediscover gradually it - as a liberal Pragmatiker with a very early view of Europe geeintes in peace.

writings (selection)

  • vomit in world-historical development,
    • volume 1-2 (1824-1825)
    • volume 3-4 (1829-1835)
  • system of the Roman civil right, Keip, gold brook 1999 ISBN 3-8051-0699-8 <Repr. D. Edition 1827>
  • Lectures on the history of the last fifty years (1833-1834)
  • reviews of persons and conditions, Frommann Holzberg, bath CAN place 1995, ISBN 3-7728-1481-6 <Repr. D. Expenditure. 1836>
  • Over the basis of the possession (1839)
  • nature right and universal historical jurisprudence, Klett Cotta, Stuttgart 1981, ISBN 3-12-913520-0 <rep. D. Expenditure. 1840>
  • Philosophical writings, Auvermann, glassworks/Taunus 1971

literature

  • pure hard Blänkner: Eduard goose (1797-1839). Political professor between restoration and Vormärz, Leipziger Univ. - Publishing house, Leipzig 2002, ISBN 3-934565-33-6
  • Johann brown: Judentum, jurisprudence and philosophy. Pictures from the life of the lawyer Eduard goose (1797-1839), Nomos publishing house, Baden-Baden 1997, ISBN 3-7890-4818-6
  • Michael H. Hoffheimer: Eduard goose and the Hegelian philosophy OF law, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1995, ISBN 0-7923-3270-9
  • Norbert Waszek (Hrsg.): Eduard goose (1797-1839). Hegelianer Jew European. Texts and documents, long, Frankfurt/M. 1991 ISBN 3-631-43883-4

Web on the left of

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