Honour citizen

honour citizen is usually a honorary membership of cities and municipalities for their citizens or former citizen, who made themselves in special way around the well-being of the place or it earned as son or a daughter of this place to special supraregional admittingness to have brought. The honour citizen rightursprüglich revolution and their title decrease/go back “bourgeois honoraire” to the French. The first German cities, which lent a similar honour title, were 1790 Saarbruecken as well as 1795 Frankfurt/Main and Bremen. The honour citizenry can be lent on lifetime or on indefinite time. Every now and thenthe honour citizenry is connected with special rights, for example the grant of advantages in urban mechanisms.

In the USA also Federal States lend honour citizenries. Also universities can appoint an honour citizen of the university. Is based on its own, independent tradition.

In rare cases becomes also from statesone was lent. Thus vienna clay/tone Leonard Spencer Churchill on resolution American of the congress (1963) and Raoul boiling mountain were appointed even by three States of (Israel , the USA and Canada) the honour citizen.

Honour citizenries, which lent under special political circumstances, are occasionally disputedbecame. During some municipalities regarding the honour citizenry of Nazi functionaries thereby argue that the honour citizenry ends as a maximumpersonal right with death and so that is groundless have other cities Adolf Hitler - during the time of the national socialism in nearly all important cities of at that time German Reich honour citizen become was again denied - and to other ruling powers at that time the honour citizenry. Such resolutions are to be understood however most doubtfuly and at best as political expression of opinion.

The citizen of Berlin senate denied for example 1948 Hitler , Göring , Goebbels and Frick the honour citizenry, concerned 1989this also Erich Honecker, 1992 Nikolai Erastowitsch Bersarin. In the year 2003 Bersarin received the honour citizenry of the city Berlin again. On the other hand honour citizenries from the not-democratic Kaiser era are usually accepted without doubts further, even if political persons are disputed.

An overview of all honour citizen lists of largerIs to be found to cities with list of the honour citizens.

See also: Honour grave

literature

  • Karl Heinz play man, honour citizen and honours. A documentation to German and Central European history, self publishing house: Dortmund 1971
 

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