The Eifel

Lage der Eifel
situation of the Eifel
Eifel landscape

the Eifel is a transnational low mountain range in the west of Germany between Aachen in the north and Trier in the south. It falls down in the north-east on a line between Aachen - Düren - Bonn to the Niederrheini bayoff. In the further process Rhine and Mosel in the east and the south limit the Eifel. Into the west it in Belgium and Luxembourg changes into the geologically used Ardennen and the Ösling . It affects the German Lands of the Federal Republic Rhineland-Palatinate and Nordrhein-Westfalen as well asthe Belgian east cantons Eupen - sank Vith as well as the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

The Eifel is geologically a part of the linksrheinischen slate mountains and thus the eastern part of the low mountain range the Eifel Ardennen. The highest collection of the Eifel is the high eight (747 m).

The name the Eifel received from karolingischen Eifel gau ago, to which approximately around the sources of the rivers Ahr, Kyll, Urft and Erft corresponded to the area.

A well-known trip goal for engine haven fans is the only castle ring with the north loop. Since 2004 a part of the north Eifel is posed as national park the Eifel under special protection. A new routistic goal is starting from this year the German volcanic route.

Table of contents


as part of the Rheini slate mountains applies the Eifel as a wavy trunk high country so mentioned, which itself from throughErosion threadbare Urgebirge Variski alps and later renewed elevation developed. The wavy Hochebene becomes in the western part by individual ridges high to 700 m such as Schneifel or high Venn pulled through. In the eastern part formed from tertiary and diluvialen Volcanism individual cinder volcanos and basalt crests (the high Eifel, the volcanic Eifel), which tower above the hill landscape (high eight, seriousness mountain).

The rivers such as Our and Kyll, draining to the Mosel and Rhine , and/or. Ahr and Brohl have themselves toDeeply cut and larger valleys train edge of the Eifel.

The Eifel large over 5300 km ² is divided by the geographers general-clearly in west and the east Eifel, fine-linked into several natural-space landscapes with partial further subdivisions.

nature areas

reference:Natural-space became excludingand/or. kulturlandschaftliche Eifel regions designated. Partly circulating terms of tourism and Fremdenverkehrsvereinen often do not stand into a correct geographical context.

mountains and collections

the highest mountain of the entire Eifel is the high eight with 747 M. It is at the same time the only collection of the Eifel over 700 M. However generally reach many ridges, dome-shaped mountain tops and larger areas like the trembling forest heights of z. T. clearly over 600 M.

list of the mountains and collections


the Eifel is due to the damp-mild Atlantic climate of numerous brooks and smaller rivers pulled through. From accumulating particularly resulted in the north Eifel z. T. very large artificial lakes (example Rursee,second largest Stausse in Germany).

The Maare forms a characteristic in the Eifel. These often circular natural lakes are volcanic origin (see also geology). The largest Maar is the Laacher lake with Maria Laach.

listRivers and brooks

(arranged to river courses and tributaries; the italically set riversrun outside of the Eifel)

list lakes and artificial lake


Please far supplementing


geology the geological underground in the Eifel as out in the other landscapes of the Rheini slate mountains predominantly Slate, lime and sandstones and quartzites of the Devonian time. Until before approximately 10,000 years it gave in the Eifel strong volcanic activity, to geologists divides the Eifel therefore due to the geological occurences rather into three nature areas; The slate Eifel, the lime Eifel and the volcanic Eifel. The Krater, which developed with the explosion volcanic gases and partly filled with groundwater, are called Maare. From geological view the Eifel applies still as volcanically active. It is accepted that itself under the Eifelso mentioned a “Hot Spot “finds. Characteristic of this volcanic activity is CO 2 for example withdrawing, for example in the Laacher lake.


the Eifel belongs to the Atlantic climatic area with relatively high precipitation; thoseWinters are moderately cold, but expanded and snow-rich; the summers are damp and cool; prevailing wind direction is west/northwest; relatively dry and mild climate prevails in the wind and rain shade of the high Eifel; Siberian cool air remains usually also in the higherSituations of the Eifel a little weather-effectively, since the Atlantic proximity advances mild sea air also in the winter to the Eifel.

In the means of many years even the Schneifel has one Schneedecke of nine which are connected days in the winter only, since longer continuing cooling sections are missing; with altogether70 days closed Schneedecke is the snow frequency altogether in the high situations relatively high (to the comparison:Bit castle 35 days, May field 30 days), however varies the snow frequency from year to year. Snow heights vary on the average between 15 cm to 60 cm; howeverit can come by the damp Atlantic climatic area also to extreme excursions (2. March 1987 measured Schneedecke in the Eifel 227 cm at the white stone).

The central temperature in the coldest month (January) amounts to -1.5 °C in the high situations, in the mountain before country+1,5 to 2 °C; °C there are frost days with lowest temperatures under 0 in the altitudes 110; Ice days, at those the temperatures not over 0 °C rise lie in the means of many years with 40; the warmest month (July) has on average onlya temperature of 14 °C in the high situations; the amount of precipitation decreases due to the Lee effect of the high situations from west to east clearly; there is in the Schneifel still on the average 1200 mm (high Venn 1500 mm-1700 mm) precipitation amounts to in such a waythe amount of precipitation in the May field only 600 mm.

The bioclimatic conditions are favorable in the Eifel. Thermal load and air sultriness arise in the summer only rarely. The Eifel has altogether an expressed stimulating climate, whereby the high situations are considered as attraction strong. The Eifel is a clean air region with very small air-chemical load. Sometimes on hot sun days results a increased concentration of near-surface ozone.

more than

100,000 years ago Neandertaler already touched history by the area of the today's Eifel. Archaeological finds occupy,that before approximately 30,000 years Cro Magnon people settled there. Before approximately 12,000 years the last ice age and the climate ended changed radically.

At the Roman time the Eifel was an important marketing area. The Bodenschätze (lead, Galmei, iron, lime and stonesfor building) were diminished and large freeways crossed the Eifel. In the high Middle Ages the Eifel was border area between the ore dioceses Cologne and Trier, the county Luxembourg and the duchy Jülich. This explains the large number at castle ruins, which forwardswere built for everything to the border safety device. By skillful policy some smaller principalities and abbeys could retain themselves their independence, so z. B. the house one-the-separate - bright home, the county Salm Reifferscheid or the abbey Prüm.

The mountain and metallurgical plants as well as that17 led large need of building and firewood in. and 18. Century to a nearly complete clearing of the forests. One must understand oneself the Eifel around 1800 as a pointing and a heath landscape, on which above all herds of sheep feasted. At the same time became impoverishedthe population appreciably, since the meager plough land did not permit rich harvests. The Eifel Durchmarschgebiet of French troops was simultaneous to all possible theaters. These demanded Fouragegelder from the native population „“, which contributed to further depletion, like the listing of Kottenheim shows.

With beginning of the Prussian rule little changed 1815 in the social conditions: The Eifel as ärmliches peripheral area of the realm (“Prussian Siberia”) was only for military reasons of interest. However the landscape changed, there Prussia onewell-planned afforestation operated, although with location-atypical coniferous trees.

The border situation between Germany and Belgium, and/or. Luxembourg led 20 to beginning. Century for the building of many railroad lines, which served above all strategic purposes. Doch brachte diese Verbesserung der Verkehrswegebesides also the tourism in momentum. Likewise the building of the only castle ring served the promotion of economy development into the 1920er years.

Since the Eifel border region remained, them became also of the fights 2. World war does not spare. Followed the building of the west barrier ofSeptember 1944 by the January of 1945 violent engagements and the Ardennenoffensive, particularly in the north Eifel.

180°Panorama bei Monschau, klicken fürs Winterpanorama
180°Panorama with Monschau, click to economics large one
of parts of the Eifel


the winter panorama [work on] are considered as structure-weak area. Large industrial settlements are missing nearly completely.Only in the Pellenz in newagain the basin a stronger industrialization is present. Agriculture is operated in certain valley situations and in the deeper areas (particularly in parts of the south Eifel as well as in the Voreifel and the May field). On Rhine, Mosel and Ahr is operated extensively wine economy. In the high situations only forest and dairy farming are possible.

Tradition has in the Eifel also in many places the dismantling of pumice, basalt and other rocks as well as minerals.

The tourism plays an increasing economic meaningand by the national park classification in the Rureifel or naturkundliche infrastructure in the volcanic Eifel was continued to strengthen in particular. The moreover one some Maare and lakes are popular trip goals. In the winter there are offers for winter sportsmen also in the high situations.

Admits is thoseThe Eifel due to the volcanic origins for the many sources of mineral. Largest Abfüller is Gerolsteiner and Apollinaris. With bit citizen sits besides one of the largest German breweries in the Eifel.

... Only first entrance, please revise, continue entire restaurant part and/or. supplement!


literature from the Eifel and over the Eifel

as traditionally separated landscape, in which the population a quiet and simple way of life maintains, the Eifel offered a good soil for an alive people poetry. In legends, The longing is frequently reflected legends and fairy tales, which were told to on long winter evenings in the farmer rooms, after a better world, which in the contrast to the found life reality.

people literature

Eifler mentality and humor struck itselfdown in numerous Schnurren and varying. Käuze and Eifler originals remained alive in these narrations. Over the area became the “Dahnener admits jumps”. Joy in the joke and neighbourhood mockery may have been the motives for this popular EiflerGothamite stories.

Already early the people poetry of the Eifel was collected. Inspired by the romance, in which one saw in popular pouring of genuine motives and forms, legend collections and working on Eifler of legend materials developed. Under the informative collections is the poetic leader throughthe Eifel of the Kaplans Johann Heydinger mentioned. Prominent authors such as Adalbert of Chamisso, Guido Görres, Karl Simrock, Ernst Moritz Arndt and Friedrich Schlegel stand here beside early Eifeler authors.

Also the scientific interest of the 20's onimpulse for collecting people poetry gave the people culture. Most prominent collecting tank was a Bonn professor for Volkskunde, Matthias Zender, born in Zendscheid, that in the years between 1929-1936 as a student about 10,000 legends, people fairy tales and varies the Eifel Ardennenraumesgathered, by which 2000 were published.

for authors and works

as first poets of the Eifel Peter Zirbes, a moving stoneware dealer from Niederkail applies. He is creator of simple dialect poems, which he published 1852. Under the contemporaryGerman-speaking poets, live those in the Eifel and/or. from the Eifel, have for example yokes Arlt ( made itself earned also as publishers of the several Eifel Anthologien around this mittelgebirgische region) originate, Theo Breuer, Ursula Krechel and Norbert scrub the Eifelpoetically finished and beyond its borders admits to the readers of lyric poetry made. The large German poem book into the cathedral Eifel is in the most important German-language poem collection ( Hg goes to yokes Arlts poem Einkaufn. printed by Karl Otto Conrady).

A large Erzählerin,those the Eifel as scene of novels and narrations selected, was the native Triererin Clara Viebig. The success authoress of the late naturalism set in the Venn” and “woman village” literary monuments for the Eifel with the novels “cross. The Rezeption of the workClara Viebigs suffered a break because of their marriage with a Jewish publisher in the Nazi period. Since end of the 80's 20. Century experience the works of the authoress her earned Renaissance - also in the Eifel. The literarily perhaps most importantArgument with the Eifel area and its humans is the novel “winter fur” settled in the final phase of the Second World War from Alfred Andersch one, that the position warfare during the Ardennen offensive and the tragic linkage of humans and their fates in epischer widthrepresents. The 2005 deceased Heinz Küpper (among other things with the novels where with the head and duel with Rotwild) as well as the Norbert living in Kall scrub are today the two substantial Eifeler representative serious German-language Prosa. Both place in theirNovels the Eifel beyond the realistic representation also symbolically as fissured landscape forwards, which becomes the mirror image of mental landscapes. Particularly interesting is here (in the comparison to the perspective of the rather native storyteller) the literary organization of the Eifel from the viewthe outstanding one. Above all, where no romantic sea protest of the Eifel is tried, but where Auswegslosigkeit and despair in view of by poverty and emergency, mental tightness or rigid value orders become visible, this literature demands for argument with the area and itsHumans out. Although Norbert scrub in the Eifel one bore, the storytellers of its novels take and narrations the perspective of the reserved one and/or. Outstanding one. Norbert scrub it particularly in its youngest telling volume Kall, to the Eifel (2005) succeeded, the lifeto represent in the Eifel facet-rich and make interesting for readers in all German-speaking countries.

Eifel crime film

a literary kind, which blossoms in the last decades in many regions and large cities of Germany, is the detective story. Jacques Berne village (*1936)with its crime films, about Eifel Blues (1989), Eifel storm (1999) or Eifel dreams (2004), to the present-strongest German crime film author was written. Harald cutter (*1962) is an author of the child crime film series the Meisterschnüffler, an interactive read offer settled in the Eifel, readers and readersstarting from 8 to different scenes in the Eifel leads.Carola Clasen, Carsten Sebastian Henn, Andreas Izquierdo, Ralf Kramp and Edgar Noske belong to the further authors, who used up themselves the category Eifel crime film.

Personalities if Mario

cities in the Eifel


by the Eifel lead:

see also

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