Ice art run elements

see also jumps in the ice art run

noting you please that the description of the following elements applies to „usual “ice art runners, which turn to the left with the jumps and Pirouetten. They can be accomplished also mirror-image.


Table of contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

  • arabesque (English. Arabesque) - with the arabesque the torso is upward stretched. It can be implemented forward and backwards. The free leg is stretched thereby.
  • Attitude (English. Attitude) - which is attitude similarly the arabesque, only that the knee of the free leg is bent as with the Himmelspirouette.
  • Ausfallschritt (English. Lung) - with this Ausfallschritt the run leg is bent and the free leg is stretched to the rear straight, whereby the ice skate sharpens over the ice. The torso is in the upright position.
  • Arm (English. Cantilevers) - another variant of Spread Eagle. One runs very deeply in the knee and bends themselves to the rear.
  • Axel - a jump to recognize most easily but most with difficulty to accomplish is. The only jump, which is jumped off forward the inner edge of the left foot. The landing takes place then backwards on the outside edge of the right foot. One must make thereby ½ turn more than with the other jumps (z. B. with the three-way Axel it is called thus 3 ½ turns).

B

  • Besti Squat - further variant of the Spread Eagle, designated after Natalia Bestemianova. The knees are so far bent that a square form of the Spread Eagle results.
  • Biellmann Pirouette - is a variant of the Standpirouette, which require large flexibility. It was designated after the Swiss Eiskunstläuferin Denise Biellmann. One begins with the upright Pirouette, stretches themselves to the rear over the shoulder, seizes the skid of the free foot and stretches toward cover out (the body remains upright). Normally the Biellmann Pirouette implements only ladies, the only gentleman, who created that up to now, is Jewgeni Pljuschtschenko.

to C

  • Candlestick spiral - see Charlotte spiral
  • Cantilevers - see arm
  • Carry - see carried elevation
  • Catch spiral - with this spiral the foot, the skid or the knee of the free leg during the spiral one holds. The leg can be thereby stretched or bent.
  • Charlotte spiral - this spiral becomes only from few runners (e.g. Sasha Cohen) shown. It is also well-known as Kerzenleuchter (English. candlestick spiral).
  • Choctow - a step, with which to the foot, direction and edge change comes (i.e. one begins to run forward on the outside edge of the right foot and ends backwards on the inner edge of the left foot). Frequently it is accomplished in the signal element sequences.
  • Counter - see to Gegenwende

D

  • of three (English. three turn) - is an in foot turn. Change of the direction of travel from forward after backwards (over the ice skate point) and from backwards forward (over the heel) with edge change. One begins for example forward on the outside edge of the left foot and ends backwards on the inner edge of the left foot.

E

  • substituted Sitzpirouette (English. flying spin sit) - „a half-breed is “between a jump and a Pirouette. In order to be able to accomplish a substituted Sitzpirouette, one must begin it forward on the outside edge the left foot with the free leg away from the ice and behind itself to pull. This position is not more different than the normal entrance position. However at this point one swings with the free leg fast forward, jumps off the ice and begins to turn. Already during one in air is, bends one the left knee and puts the left foot under the gesäss. One lands on the left foot and takes the usual Sitzpirouetteposition.
  • Euler - a connecting jump. After approach one jumps off the outside edge of the right foot. The landing takes place then, after a turn, backwards on the inner edge of the left foot.


Table of contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

F

  • Flip - this concerns a so-called. tapped jump, which has the same jump and landing edge as the Salchow jump. One begins backwards on the inner edge of the left foot (the right foot taps briefly in the ice) and lands backwards on the outside edge of the right foot.
  • flying spin sit - see substituted Sitzpirouette

to G

  • Gegendreier (English. bracket) - changes of the direction of travel on a leg from forward after backwards (over the ice skate point) or from backwards forward (over the heel) with edge change and against the rotation of the intake and/or. Discharge elbow.
  • Gegenwende (English. ) - a Drehschritt, with which on a leg the direction of travel is changed without edge changes, against which direction of rotation of the intake elbow, in former times run as obligation figure coherently on 3 circles tapped
  • jump - a jump is more counter, with which the free leg in the ice taps briefly and helps thus with the jump.
  • Carried elevation (English. carry) - simply carrying without turn, the Partnerin is thereby not over the head of the partner.
  • Thrown jumps - jumps, with which in the pair running a partner is supported with the jump by the other partner with both hands and pushed up thus far (e.g.: Throw Axel, throw Lutz, throw Salchow, throw Toeloop)

H

  • elevation (English. elevator) is an activity, with which the partner lifts the Partnerin up. One differentiates carried elevations between pair-run, ice-dance and.
  • Himmelspirouette - a variant of the Standpirouette. The body position is similarly with the Layback the spin. The difference consists of the fact that the hands are stretched to the cover (with the back-leaned Pirouette they are crossed before the body).
  • Hydroblading - Hydroblading became in the 90's admits, when Shae Lynn Bourne and Victor Kraatz used these of Uschi Keszler developed technology for the ice dancing and developed them to their brand name. The technology requires extensive training, since high requirements are placed against the balance. Hydroblading was taken over also by single runners.

I

  • Ina farmer - a Ina farmer is something similar as a Spread Eagle. The skids are parallel transferred and draw two parallel lines. The rear skid always is on the inner edge. The movement can implement altogether an elbow or a straight line. This element was designated after the German Eiskunstläuferin Ina farmer

K

  • edge jump - is a jump, which is jumped off the ice skate-known.
  • Kerzenleuchter (English. candlestick spiral) - see Charlotte spiral

to L

  • leaving elevator - (dt. To lasso leaving) see elevation
  • Layback spin - is a very attractive variant of the Standpirouette. One crosses its arms before the body, leans back and looks with the rotation on the cover. The multiplicity of the possible poor, moving and leg positions is limited only by artistic creativity of the sportsman.
  • To elevator - see elevation
  • loop - see Rittberger
  • lung - see Ausfallschritt
  • Lutz - a so-called. tapped jump. One jumps backwards from the outside edge of the left foot (with the right points/teeth in the ice) turns several times around the own axle and lands backwards on the outside edge of the right foot.

M

  • Mohawk - a step, with to the foot and direction change does not come however to the edge change (i.e. one begins to run backwards on the outside edge of the right foot and ends forward on the outside edge of the left foot). One can see Mohawk sometimes before the Flip jump (one begins forward on the inner edge of the left foot, ends backwards on the inner edge of the right foot), repeatedly before Axel or Salchow jump (one begins backwards on the outside edge of the right foot, ends forward on the outside edge of the left foot).


Table of contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

P

  • Pirouetten (English. spin) - originate from the ballet, however a firm component of the ice art running became. Simply to say, it concerns a turn on a leg. There is a multiplicity of possible Pirouetten, but all fell under the three following categories - standing, seat and Waagepirouetten. All Pirouetten can be accomplished forward or backwards. This does not have to do anything with the direction of rotation, but rather with the foot on which one accomplishes her. For one „usual “ice art runner (that turns to the left) the Vorwärtspirouette on the left foot and the Rückwärtspirouette on the right foot are accomplished.
  • Paarlaufpirouetten (English. pairs spin) - Pirouetten in the pair position accomplishes become. Can do either next to each other (simmer by simmer), i.e. each partner individually, or in „Paarpirouetten “, in which the partners touch themselves during a Pirouette. They can be accomplished in all standard positions, although the positions are somewhat changed.
  • Pirouettekombination (English. spin combi nation) - exactly the same as jumps also Pirouetten can be accomplished in combinations. A Pirouettenkombination is a set of Pirouetten, with which one changes the position or the foot, or both.

R

  • Rittberger (admits out as „loop “) - is an edge jump. One slides backwards, first with both feet on the ice, which is left leg thereby before the right leg crossed, then shifts one its weight on the outside edge of the right foot and jumps off (with crossed legs). The landing takes place then again backwards on the outside edge of the right foot. This jump was designated after the repeated German vice-world champion Werner Rittberger.
  • Rocker - see turn
  • Russian spreading jump (English. Russian split) - is a variant of the spreading jump. Jump and landing resemble the spreading jump, which are air position however changed. The legs are gegrätscht into one „V-position “and the hands to stretch itself to the side, in order to affect the ice skate point.

S

  • Salchow - this concerns a so-called. Edge jump and was called after its inventor the famosen Swedish ice art runner Ulrich Salchow. It is jumped off backwards the inner edge of the left foot and lands backwards on the outside edge the right foot.
  • Scratch spin - a variant of the Standpirouette. At the beginning of this Pirouette one stands upright, the free leg forward to the side stretched. Then the free leg ever more to the body stretched to it the support leg crosses. At the same time the arms are likewise pulled to the body or united over the head. A high rotation speed is reached by the clear decrease of the rotation radius. This Pirouette is in many programs the Schlusspirouette.
  • Simmer by simmering - next to each other individually accomplished elements in the pair running. Can be jumps, Pirouetten or also signal element sequences, which are accomplished synchronously by both partners. Pirouetten are to jump off and land equal fast, into which equivalent direction and are turned at the same time, the jumps at the same time, have equivalent number of turns and similar height and landing position.
  • Sitzpirouette (English. sit spin) - with the Grundsitzpirouette „“the ice art runner on a leg, the free leg squats straight is forward stretched.
  • Special figures - this concerns the so-called. „decorative “ice run - the ice art runner provided arbitrary figures on the ice after the own conceptions. This kind of ice run kept up to that to 1. World war and became also a component that ice art run applying. At the olympic plays they appeared however only once - in London 1908. Won the Russian Nikolai Alexandrowitsch Kolomenkin Panin.
  • Spiral (English. spiral) - one slides on a foot whereby the free leg is to the rear stretched. In a good spiral will the free leg mindesten in the hip height, can however naturally still more highly, nearly vertically, be stretched. In contrast to arabesques the torso is more forward bent with the spirals. Spirals can be run forward or backwards.
  • Spread Eagle - is a sliding movement, which on two feet, on the inner edge or the outside edge is run, whereby the foot attitude approx. 180 degree angles results in. Edge changes are also possible.
  • Spreading jump (English. split) - is a connecting jump. One runs backwards on the inner edge of the left foot, taps briefly with the right foot in the ice and jumps with half body turn into air, then one spreads or grätscht the legs and lands forward on the left foot. See also Russian spreading jump
  • jump sequence (English. jump sequence) - exists to be accomplished at least from two jumps between those a foot change or revolutions.
  • Jump combination (English. jump combi nation) - consists of at least two jumps, which follow directly successively. The second jump jumped off the same edge on that the first jump landed (i.e. there are no revolutions or foot changes between the jumps).


Table of contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

T

  • Three turn - see three
  • Toe loop - was called in the simple execution relatively more easily jump. One jumps backwards from the outside edge of the right foot off (sting thereby with the left Schlittschuhbezahnung in) turns in air several times around itself and lands backwards on the outside edge of the right foot. Because one must in-sting oneself with the auxiliary leg, this jump belongs into the category of the so-called. tapped jumps. It is jumped simply, doubly, three-way and even quadruple.
  • Death spiral (English. death spiral) - figure in the pair running; the Partnerin is kept nearly horizontal, over the ice sliding on a leg and only by the stretched arm of the partner at the hand, pulled around its body axle.
  • Twizzel - beidbeinige turn on the place is around 360°. Frequently in the ice dancing uses.

V

  • of liaison vehicles - all movements, which one between jumps and Pirouetten accomplish in the program (short program or cure), are like e.g. Spirals, Spread Eagle, Ina farmer etc. In one well choreographically prepared program is more important their function than only loud filling between „the large “elements - they contribute to the entire artistic expression of the program. The multiplicity of the liaison vehicles is mostly just limited by fantasy and ability of the ice art runner and Choreograph.

W

  • Waagepirouette - (English. camel spin) - one obtains this position in such a way that one sets its body into the form of the letter „for T “. A leg runs ice, the other one is parallel behind, to the ice. The torso bends itself before and together with the free leg a straight line forms.
  • Turn (English. more rocker) - a Drehschritt, with which on a leg the direction of travel without edge changes is changed, in the direction of rotation of the intake elbow, against the direction of rotation of the discharge elbow, in former times than obligation figure coherently on 3 circles run.
  • Throw jumps - see thrown jumps


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