Ice high-speed run

ice high-speed run is a sporty run discipline, which is delivered on the ice and on ice skates.

Table of contents

ice skates and clothing

 Schnellaufschlittschuhe, Modell aus den 80er Jahren ohne Klappmechanismus
of high-speed on ice skates, model from the 80's without folding mechanism
 Eisschnellläufer auf der Elf-Städte-Tour
ice high-speed runner on the eleven-city route

of high-speed run ice skates has to tying shoes from goat leather, handing below the Fussgelenkknöchels. The long steel skids, also “bread measurers” mentioned, are long up to 45 centimeters and havea thickness of approximately 1.3 millimeters. The bearing surface has a Planschliff with a weak circling in longitudinal direction, which is to prevent a “entrenching” of the skid into the ice. The point is rounded, the end to the rear dropping.

The last level of development is here the folding ice skate,that in the back hinges away and only when final taking off again one withdraws the skid with the raising of the heel with stretched impact leg. Thus the skid can be left over a longer way and with heel taken off for repelling on the ice. Particularly on long-distance becomes of itprofited.

Conventional ice skates are available starting from 150 euro, for folding ice skates (shoes and skids) should one starting from 500 euro take into account. Newest Hightech developments with individual adjustment (approximately for Anni Friesinger) can cost however 15 ' 000 euro and more.

The original clothing were wollene Strumpfhosen and narrow-lying close sweaters as well asthe ears covering cap. That Swiss architect and runner Franz Krienbühl developed 1974 from aerodynamic considerations a one-piece strike towards suit, which was initially rather amused scoffed. When Krienbühl with this suit achieved the respected place as 47-jähriger with the olympic plays 1976, changedhowever this attitude immediately. Since that time all runners carry this one-piece dress.

run style

contrary to back repelling with the art run and ice hockey repels itself the ice high-speed runner on straight lines distance with the legs diagonally to the rear, whereby the skid in whole length with thatIce surface in contact remains. Although the long skids are to stabilize the straight line discharge, the straight repelling technology forced thereby leads to a zigzag course more minted far, yet thereby the greatest possible speed on the ice is reached. In curves the circle-circling inside behind the circle-outside leg pushes against thoseCentrifugal force off. This procedure is called “translating”.

In order to be able to repel itself with the legs sufficient, ice high-speed runner must go deeply into the squat. At the same time this requires preventing the torso to equilibrium reconciliation. From it results the typical “bent embossments” - run attitude of this kind of sport. Thus shifts favorable-proves alsothe emphasis downward, which facilitates the fast driving through of curves against centrifugal force.

Top-class sportsmen reach on ice skates by means of several kilometers and/or. some minutes a speed of 45 km/h, in the Sprint briefly to over 60 km/h.

career

the match course is a 400 meters comprehensive, oval course, on which two tracks are divided. Always two runners (inside) run changing on the interior and outer orbit, whereby the starting points the length difference are transferred between interior and outer orbit accordingly. In the process of the match the runners (inside) on the change straight line change(approx. 100 m) in each round the course. Thus the length of the run distance becomes balanced.

Laufstrecken and valuation

are run determined route distances. Usual single distances are 100, 500, 1,000, 1,500, 3,000, 5,000 and 10,000 meters, with national and new generation competitions also different.

Sprint Mehrkämpfe are delivered over ever twice the run distances of 500 and 1000 meters, four-fights over the distances of 500, 1,500, 3,000, and 5,000 meters (women) and 500, 1500, 5000 and 10,000 meters (men). For the distinction of the large four-fight of the men is because of the shorter be enough-strainwith the Mrs. the designation small four-fight usually. Since with EM and WM to 1982 the distances 500, 1000, 1500 and 3000 meters were run there (starting from 1983 is instead of the 1000 - the 5000-Meter-Strecke in the program), these matches today as mini four-fight are designated. Are called generalthe four-fights because of their character as versatility examination also Allround Mehrkämpfe.

The Endklassement exclusively results from the obtained and on 500-Meter-Distanz converted times, not from the placement in the single runs. Each distance receives the point priority of the 500 meters (shortest distance), by the obtained timeby that number one divides, as the distance is multiple of 500 meters is added, and to the point account (example: 2:09,6 minutes, 129.6 seconds, over 1,500 meters are thus divided by 3 and enter with 43,2 points multi-fight).

international matches

By the international roof federation ISU (international Skating union) world championships, European championships and a series of up to twelve Worldcups are delivered annually. The ISU registers world records over all WM-distances. Ice high-speed run is belonged an olympic kind of sport and since 1924 to the program of the olympic winter plays.

ToProgram with olympic winter plays and world championships belong to 500 m, 1,000 m, 1,500 m, 3,000 m (only women), 5,000 m and 10,000 m (only men) as well as crew pursuit.

  • Marathonwettkämpfe over distances from 10 to 100 kilometers belong not to the program with international championships, enjoy howeverin countries like the Netherlands or Norway of large popularity. In contrast to aforementioned running is here also mass start possible. Only in severe winters instead of finding classical authors on nature ice 200 km are long eleven-city route in Friesland (the Netherlands).
  • 2004 became since 2000 with junior WM delivered crew running taken up to the program by WM and olympic plays. Three sportsmen gather and come by means of guidance changes and lee running on higher speeds than single runners. The distance amounts to for women 6 rounds (approx. 2,310 m) and for men 8 rounds (approx.3,080 m). The last runner is rated.

important one ice high-speedrunner inside and - runner

Mrs.

of men

statistics

during itself with the men international successes relatively evenly on several nations distribute, give it with the women since the 1980er years a crushing dominance runner inside from the GDR at that time, since 1990 from reunited Germany.
They rank thereby far before the traditional ice run nations the Netherlands and Norway as well as the successful high-speed run nations the USA, Canada and earlier USSR and/or. their succession states. Of 1980 (Einzelstrecken WM since 1996, 2002 failed, team since 2005) until 2002 (Olympia) and/or. those won 2005 (WM)German runner inside

  • 51 of 99 assigned olympic medals (51.5%)
    • of it 15 of the 33 possible olympia victories (45.5%)
  • 78 of 156 WM-medals in the Sprint and Allroundmehrkampf (50%)
    • of it 36 of 52 world champion titles (69.2%)
  • 63 of 138 WM-medals on the single distances (inclusive team match 2005) (45.7%)
    • of it 29 of46 world champion titles (63%)
  • since beginning of the Worldcups 1986 they won 237 of all 582 single running (40.7%)
    • of it 88 of 122 on the long-distance (3000/5000 m) (72.1%)

alone Gunda Niemann Stirnemann won 2005 99 ( and thus 17%) to including all Weltcuprennen as well as 19 of 84, run since beginning(23%) all world champion title since their first WM-participation 1989.

Since 1981 the German ladies set up altogether 65 world records in all disciplines, about which alone 19 to Gunda Niemann Stirnemann and 10 to Karin Enke are allotted.

national ones of federations

literature

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Wiktionary: Ice high-speed run - word origin, synonyms and translations
 

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