Ice-dance

a pair of ice dances consists of a lady and a gentleman. Ice-dance be based on walk-technical bases, those accurately, speed-rich and in adjustment to the music tänzerisch, as are akrobatisch dargeboten. Ice dance is regarded frequently as the technically most difficult and most highly detailed of all ice art run disciplines.

Ice dance consists of three parts

  • the obligation dance (English. compulsory thanks) - dancing prescribed dance
  • the original dance (English. original thanks) - with demanded rhythm
  • the cure dance (English. free thanks)
  • the Interpretivkürtanz (English. interpretive free thanks) - with different ice dance elements, rather for the stress of the harmony ice dancers with music and the artistic impression as showing technical difficulties.

Table of contents

basic rules

special one rules see under respective dance (obligation, original, cure dance)

  • the pair of ice dances must after the rhythm run, but not only after the music melody.
  • Edge purity and difficult foot work, which the ice run talent, difficulty, variety and originality reflect, must be shown by both partners.
  • Excessive running one or both partners on both feet is considered to ice-approach as inability or hold equilibrium.
  • Through the whole time both partners must have at least one ice skate on the ice. However elevations can be implemented, be stood with those one or both partners with both feet on the ice in obligation/original/cure dance. These elevations may not last however longer than five seconds. (The number of permitted elevations is particularly regulated for each dance)
  • the partners may not detach themselves with exception of attitude change or longitudinal signal element sequences. An attitude change must be accomplished within a music clock.
  • Separation of the partners at the beginning and/or at the end of the dance may not longer as 10 seconds and each further separation during the dance may no more as two arm lengths apart and longer than five seconds last.
  • Stopping with body and/or leg movements to be accomplished may take at the most 5 seconds.
  • The technical difficulty must guarantee that the match-sporty character of the presentation that look outweighs.
  • Is not permitted:
    • on a place than 10 seconds remain longer;
    • to sit or lie on the ice;
    • to pull or press the partner on the foot or shoe;
    • to run with a hand (or both hands) on the ice;
    • again: to lift the partner in such a way that the head shows and is spread the legs downward.

Note: It is however possible that the IDTC (ISU ice dance technique commission) permits some up to now bad elements (for one season).

fundamental ideas and technical terms

axle

  • longitudinal axis (English. long axis) is a straight line, which divides the ice surface into two halves into longitudinal direction;
  • Short axle (English. axis) a straight line, which divides the ice surface into two halves transversethrough, is short;
  • Continuous axle (English. continuous axis) is a virtual line, which runs around the ice surface. It serves as basis for the dance sample. Normally the continuous axle consists of two lines, which are approximately in the center between the longitudinal axis and the sides of the ice surface parallel to the longitudinal axis. These lines are connected at each end of the ice surface by a semi-circle. The semi-circles are flatpressed in some dances. In circle dances (English. circular thanks), like e.g. Kilian, has the continuous axle approximately a circle line form. With the Paso Doble has this line an oval form.
  • Transverse axis (English. transverse axis) is a virtual line, which cuts the continuous axle of the dance of rectangular.

trace pictures

the trace picture of the ice dancing is a design on the ice.

  • Trace picture dance (English. set pattern thanks) is a dance, with that the location, the direction and the curves to be graphically designed and on all edges is run. Must be followed to this diagram as exactly as possible.
  • Dance with recommended trace picture (English. pattern thanks) a dance, for which the trace trace can be modified by the ice dancers, is optional the original signal element sequence, position and Timing must remain however kept. Each repetition of the modified trace trace must to be implemented in the same kind and the repetitions have as congruently as possible to take place.
  • an edge dance (English. rim/edge/border thanks) a dance is its step sequence a shorter or longer line required than the external dimensions of the ice surface makes possible. Therefore the repetition signal element sequence begins not at the original starting point of the dance.
  • Semi-circle (English. praise) is any signal element sequence at a side of the continuous axle, which is approximately semicircular.

introduction steps and signal element sequences

  • all obligation dances must be begun with recommended introduction steps.
  • The first step after the introduction steps is called start. The price judge can determine so the approximate location, at which the dances must be begun.
  • A signal element sequence means
    • a prescribed step sequence, the one element of the obligation dance sample picture is or parts of it;
    • a signal element sequence in the original, cure or Interpretivkürtanz those not to be prescribed must.

attitudes

unknown pair with the cure with the world championships 2004 in Dortmund

1. hand in hand attitude (English. Hand in hand Hold) One differentiates between attitudes with respect to the same direction (next to each other or one behind the other) and attitudes with respect to the opposite direction (a partner backwards, the other one runs forward, the arms laterally stretched).

  • The line of sight of both partners is alike. It run beside or one behind the other with gestrektem arm and hand in hand. This attitude is unwanted in the original and in the cure dance. A variation of this attitude ran side by side acceptable.
  • Opposite line of sight of both partners. The partners regard mutually, while the one forward and the other one runs backwards the arms laterally stretched a variation of this attitude exists in it that the partners backs run at backs, thus does not regard (z. B. Cha Cha Congelado). The use this attitude in the original and/or cure dance with did not stretch for arms is permitted normally to each other.

2. Closed one or rolling preservation (English. closed or Waltz hold) the partners are opposite. One runs forward of the other one at the same time backwards. The right hand of the gentleman is set firmly at the Schulterblatt of his Partnerin, the arm is curved and the elbow is elevated, so that both partners run close together. The left hand of the lady is the partner shoulder, their poor in rests thereby comfortably on the right partner arm (elbow to elbow). Left hand of the gentleman and right hand of the lady are loosely in Schulterhöhe stretched.

3. Opened one or Foxtrotthaltung (English. open or Foxtrot hold) The arm and hand attitude is the same as during rolling preservation, on the other hand the partners turn somewhat from each other, so that they can run into the same direction.

4. Exterior or Tangohaltung (English. outside or Tango hold) the partners faces. One runs forward and the other one at the same time backwards. In contrast to rolling preservation they run hip hip, the gentleman are either on the left of or right from the lady. Firm hip hip position is unwanted, since it obstructs the movement river.

5. Kilianhaltung (English. Kilian hold) The partners run into the same direction, the lady are at the right side of the gentleman. The left shoulder of the gentleman is behind the right shoulder of the lady. The stretched left arm of the lady is before the gentleman and holds his left hand. The right hand of the gentleman is behind the lady back and holds its right hand and both hands lies on the hip in the waist height. This attitude can be implemented also in reverse (lady left). Further variations of the Kilianhaltung are

  • opened Kilianhaltung (English. open Kilian hold), the left hand of the gentleman holds the left hand of the lady, its right hand rests thereby on the left lady hip or behind its back. The right lady arm is stretched. Also this variation can be implemented in reverse.
  • crossed Kilianhaltung (English. crossed Kilian hold), the right arm of the lady is stretched before the gentleman and holds its left hand. The right arm of the gentleman is stretched before the lady and holds its left hand before its right hip.

6. Promenade (English. Promenade) is an opened attitude, with which the pair foot-synchronously or - reflected runs. This attitude is derived from some park chaining dances a similar forward movement.

musical definitions

  • Beat (English. ) a so-called is beat. “heavy” stress, defines the regularly returning parts of a piece of music;
  • the speed (English. speed) is the music speed; i.e. Number of clocks per minute
  • rhythm is a regularly returning consequence accented and unakzentuierten clocks, which give their character to the music.
  • the clock (English. measure, bar) is a music unit, which is determined by the recurring accent. All units have the same length. A unit OF music which is defined by the periodic recurrence OF the accent. Look for units of acres equal duration.

obligation dance

an obligation dance represents ice running after the prescribed samples of the ice dance in harmony with prescribed music, rhythm and speed.

The dances in the following order are run:

1. Fourteenstep 13. Yankee Polka
2. Foxtrott 14. Quickstep
3. Rocker Foxtrott 15. Paso Doble
4. European tome 16. a) Rumba
5. American tome 16. b) Rumba D' Amour
6. Westminsterwalzer 17. Cha Cha Congelado
7. Viennese tome 18. Silver Samba
8. Austrian tome 19. Tango
9. Starlight tome 20. Argentine Tango
10. Ravensburger tome 21. Romantic Tango
11. Golden tome 22. a) Blues
12. Kilian 22. b) Mitternachtsblues

Kati Winkler and René Lohse, here with the Mitternachtsblues with the world championship in the ice art running 2004 in Dortmund
  • during the obligation dances one must observe the precision. Steps, dance attitudes and prescribed number of cycles for each element must be shown in agreement with the rules.
  • If the basic rule is kept, it is to be shown the pair of ice dances possible its own style. This is reached normally through differently poor and/or leg movements.
  • The position of the individual movements must correspond to the dance sample, the ice surface must thereby as far as possible be used. Dance attitudes should not be rigid upright, however and all movements are easy and flowing to be implemented.
  • All step sequences must be exactly compatible with the music rhythm (so-called. Timing), so that all steps can be shown continuously as from a river.
  • The pair of ice dances is to run as near as possible together. All movements, position and attitude change must be implemented harmoniously and without obvious trouble. The gentleman is to point its ability to leading and the lady their ability for following.
  • Altogether the special character of each obligation dance is to be expressed.

to original dance

see note

an original dance must to the prescribed dance rhythm correspond and is walking and movement art as well as movement river and edge run represent. The music and dance organization are freely selectable, however must be agreed upon the rhythm.

  • Rhythm/rhythms, permitted speed expansion, length of time, technique elements and further changes become annually of the ISU ice dance technique commission (English. Ice thanks technology Committee - briefly IDTC) for two Saisonen publishes ahead.

Dance attitudes, arm movements, Geklat and similar movements, which do not stress the music are limited. Hand in hand attitude also full-stretched arms is not permitted.

Demanded elements, which must be shown in the presentation:

  • at the most 2 different ice dance elevations *
  • a Eistanzpirouette *
  • a circle or a diagonal signal element sequence *
  • a longitudinal signal element sequence durchgeführt* *

specific instructions for demanded elements are published next to each other of the ISU.

Nichterlaubte of elements/movements< /br> The following elements and movements are not permitted, if differently in a ISU communication does not publish.

  • akrobatische elevations
    • on the head partners to sit/lie;
    • on the shoulders, backs or the shoe partners to sit/stand;
    • on the leg partners to sit of /stehen;
    • with those the partner the Partnerin at the hand or at the legs holds and around itself in air does not turn (centrifuge elements)
    • again is not permitted to lift the partner in such a way that the head shows and is spread the legs downward.
  • Elevations, which do not correspond to the permitted duration
  • jumps with more than 1 ½ turns
  • kneel on both knees or spread on the ice (only season 2005/2006)
  • on the ice sit or lie;
  • to run with a hand (or both hands) on the ice; (only season 2005/2006)

cure dance

the cure dance is creative-like a program conceived from dance steps and dance movements, which represents the music character. The music is freely selectable, may a clear rhythm and a clear melody or also only rhythmic phases without melody be also sung, must however have. Also possible a specific topic is to be expressed.

  • Except the demanded elements each year special elevations and Pirouetten are published of the IDTC.

The duration of a cure dance amounts to 4 minutes for seniors and 3 minutes for juniors. This length of time may not be over or fallen below any more than 10 seconds.

  • The cure dance must contain a combination of new or well-known dance steps and movements including the demanded elements. Signal element sequences must be integrated into the program, so that the good ice run technical NIC and creativity of the pair are shown in the concept, the arrangement and the artistic expression.

The cure dance may not have however the character of a pair run cure or a looking dance.

wave Balanced Program

see to note

a well balanced senior program must the following demanded elements contain:

  • at the most five four different elevations
  • at the most two 1 or ** 2 different Eistanzpirouetten
  • two< del> 1 or ** 2 different signal element sequences (elevations, jumps, stops, Tanzpirouetten and turns may not be included into a signal element sequence, it is it of the IDTC is permitted)
    • circle signal element sequence - which full width and short axles of the ice surface using
    • diagonal signal element sequence - diagonally to the ice surface, the entire diagonal as far as possible using
    • longitudinal signal element sequence - which is using zigzag signal element sequence
    • del
  • <two> 1 or ** 2 sets of different Twizzel new

complete center axle ** it the pair leaves whether they show only one type Tanzpirouette or two different synchronous Twizzels or only a synchronous Twizzel and 2 different types Tanzpirouetten.

Nichterlaubte of elements/movements< /br> The following elements and movements are not permitted, if differently in a ISU communication does not publish.

  • akrobatische elevations
    • on the head partners to sit/lie;
    • on the shoulders, backs or the shoe partners to sit/stand;
    • on the leg partners to sit of /stehen;
    • with those the partner the Partnerin at the hand or at the legs holds and around itself in air does not turn (centrifuge elements)
    • again is not permitted to lift the partner in such a way that the head shows and is spread the legs downward.
  • Elevations, which do not correspond to the permitted duration
  • jumps with more than a turn or jumps with a turn of the partners are at the same time implemented;
  • kneel on both knees on the ice;
  • lie on the ice.

Interpretivkürtanz

Interpretivkürtanz is ice running of a pair, which accomplishes its own program. The program does not have demanded elements and movements and represents the character of a freely selected music, idea or topic. It may not concern a cure dance, which was compound for international or ISU of competitions.

  • The duration of a Interpretivkürtanzes amounts to 3 minutes and 45 Sekund plus minus 15 seconds.
  • Choice of the dance elements is free, except pair run elements (with exception of spirals, Pirouetten and signal element sequences), which are not permitted. However permitted at the most 7 dance elevations are to be accomplished, with which the duration is not reduced.
  • The dance topic must go out from that ice run art and the cure quality, not from the not eiskunstläuferischen elements and movements.
  • Requisiten, which are held in the hand, as well as on the head to be set or to costume fastened are permitted.

season for

the season 2005/2006

the following obligation dances were announced to 2005/2006 [work on] obligation dance:

Juniors seniors
# 6 Westminsterwalzer # 10 Ravensburger tome
# 8 Austrian tome # 13 Yankee Polka
# 14 Quickstep # 21 romantic Tango
# 15 Paso Doble

for

the season 2005/2006 the following rhythm of the original dance for juniors and seniors and for all competitions was announced to original dance:


Latin combination


two or three different rhythms from the following groups can be selected:

A rhythm of each group can be repeated once.

  • Selection of a rhythm from the group 2 is not necessary, it may however only one rhythm by this group be selected. </br>

(An example: Cha Cha, Rumba, Samba OR Cha Cha, Rumba, Mambo OR Cha Cha, Rumba, Cha Cha OR Cha Cha, Rumba OR Mambo, Rumba OR Mambo, Rumba, Mambo HOWEVER NOT Cha Cha, Mambo and Merengue.)

  • vowel music is permitted.
  • Length of time: 2 minutes and 30 seconds (plus or minus 10 seconds)
  • for latin combination is permitted to the lady to carry trousers.

The following demanded elements must be integrated:

  • at the most 2 different ice dance elevations from the so-called. short elevations - duration up to 6 seconds)
    • of condition elevation
    • straight line line elevation
    • circle elevation
    • turning elevation
    • the following is not permitted during an elevation:
      • to lift the partner in such a way that the head shows and is spread the legs downward;
      • on the head partners to sit/lie;
      • on the shoulders, backs or the shoe partners to sit/stand;
      • to stand on the leg partners;
      • with those the partner the Partnerin at the hand or at the legs holds and around itself in air turns (centrifuge elements).
  • at the most a Eistanzpirouette (or - combination)
  • 2 signal element sequences
    • diagonal signal element sequence - each dance attitude is permitted including hand in hand attitude
    • longitudinal signal element sequence (next to each other - without affecting) - with difficult foot work and the two successively following Twizzels,
      • while both signal element sequences are elevations, Pirouetten, jumps with more than ½ turn and stopping does not permit. Small jumps (without turn) and a few toe steps are permitted.

cure dance

the following elements are demanded for a well balanced senior cure dance program:

  • at the most 4 different ice dance elevations from the following list; up to 6 seconds of elevations up to 10 seconds

of condition elevation zigzag elevation degree line elevation turning elevation circle elevation elevation combination turning elevation Isabelle
Delobel and
Olivier of beautiful fields rotated
two of it
with

the maximum duration 10 seconds of elevations, with a Eistanzpirouette with the cure with the world championship 2004 in Dortmund
  • 2 different signal element sequences
  • Pirouetten and Twizzels
    • 1 possibility: at the most 2 different Eistanzpirouetten and 1 set synchronously Twizzels
    • 2 possibility: at the most 1 Eistanzpirouette and 2 different sets synchronously Twizzels
      • both partners must accomplish with the Pirouetten at least 3 full turns, with a Pirouettenkombination must a foot change take place - the foot change may not last no more than ½ turn and the further Pirouette must likewise 3 turns have
      • between the Twizzels be allowed at the most 3 steps to occur

season 2006/2007

obligation dance

for the season 2006/2007 the following obligation dances was announced:

Juniors seniors
# 9 star light tome # 6 Westminsterwalzer
# 18 silver Samba # 11 golden roll
# 22b Mitternachtsblues # 16a Rumba

original dance

for the season 2006/2007 the following rhythm of the original dance for juniors and seniors and for all competitions one announced:


Tango


Each of the 3 Tangotypen (Tango, Argentine Tango, romantic Tango) may be selected with Tangomusikstücken different up to 3, of it may repeat itself.

  • Vowel music is permitted.
  • Length of time: 2 minutes and 30 seconds (plus or minus 10 seconds)

note

the ISU communication No. 1318 change the past special rules of the ice dance (2004) as follows:

  • Original and cure dance - facts forbidden so far unite permission, some of it only for the following season 2005/2006 (crossed out) and a new prohibition („again “)
  • wave Balanced Program - number of elements was modified

sources and Web on the left of

see also: Ice dance elements

 

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