El Salvador

República de El Salvador
Republic of El Salvador
Flagge El Salvadors
Wappen El Salvadors
(detail) (detail)

Wahlspruch: Dios, Unión, Libertad
(Spanish for „God, agreement, liberty “)

office language Spanish
capital San Salvador
system of government Republic of
president Antonio Saca
surface 21,040 km ²
Number of inhabitants 6.704.932 (conditions July 2005)
population density of 318 inhabitants per km ²
gros domestic product/inhabitant 1,963 US-$ (2004)
independence 13. April 1838 of the centralAmerican Konföderation explains
currency Colón - to dollar
time belt UTC -6
national anthem Saludemos la Patria orgullosos
Kfz characteristic IT
Internet TLD .sv
Geografische Lage El Salvadors
Karte El Salvadors

The state El Salvador treats +503 this article.

For the city of the same name in north Chile see El Salvador (Chile).

El Salvador (Spanish: the rescuer) is a state in Central America and borders on Guatemala, Honduras as well as on the Pacific.El Salvador, which lies in a seismic zone, is the smallest country of Central America with at the same time highest population density.

Table of contents


with a surface of 21.041 km ² is El Salvador approximately as largely as Hessen and thus the smallest of the centralAmerican countries. In the south it borders on the Pacific and the gulf of Fonseca with a coastal length of 307 km. It does not have a direct entrance to the Karibik.

El Salvador is coined/shaped by a chain of volcanos, which the country divides roughly into three regions: the southern coastal strip, thosecentral Hochebenen and valleys and the northern mountains. The highest mountain is the El Pital (2,730 m) at the border to Honduras. The highest volcano is the Santa Ana in the west with a height of 2.365 M.

The largest citiesare (conditions 1. January 2005):San Salvador of 525,990 inhabitants, Soyapango of 329,708 inhabitants, Santa Ana of 176,661 inhabitants, San Miguel of 161,880 inhabitants, Mejicanos of 160,317 inhabitants, Santa Tecla 124.694 Inhabitant and Apopa inhabitant 112.158.


approx. 90% of the population are Mestizen, 10% Indian (v. A. Pipil) and 1% of European descent.

48% of the population live under the poverty border. 86% belong to the Roman-catholic church. As successors of the murderedArchbishop OSCAR Romero became of Pope Johannes Paul II. a military minister appointed.


to 15. September 1821 attained El Salvador the independence from the former colonial power Spain and from the centralAmerican Konföderation (cent ral American Federation)in the year 1839. 1969 gave it a war with Honduras, „the football war “. The reason were responsible made and met with hostility tensions around restaurant economics from El Salvador, since longer by the government Honduras' for the economic problemsbecame. The war took 4 days from 14. July 1969 to 18. July 1969 and cost the life, 6,000 to 3,000 humans was hurt. The conflict was settled under switching of the organization of American states by a peace agreement.

From 1980 to 1991it came to a civil war, which caused approximately 70,000 dead ones, predominantly under the civilian population, at the end thousands of injured one and destruction in billion height. Reason for it were social tensions, which were caused by the large prosperity downward gradient, a small elite possessed oneMajority of resources, a considerable middle class exists only since end of the 80's. Last-finite trip of the civil war was the murder of the bishop and release theologian OSCAR Romero by Todesschwadrone oriented towards the right in a church. As in other Latin American civil wars (Guatemala, Chile, Nicaragua) supportedalso in El Salvador the freshly selected US president Ronald Reagan the ideologically connected regime. Apart from the delegation of military teachers and CIA missions (legitimate covert act ion after US right) the support existed particularly in the supply of military equipment.

After the peace agreement the rebel army FMLN was demobilisiert by Chapultepec 1992. The halving of the army and creation civilian, more democratically, that human rights of obligated institutions were decided likewise. The fulfilment of the peace agreement was national supervised internationally as.

For the successful conversion the fact was crucial,that the peace agreement defeated neither winners nor knew and favorable basic conditions with regard to foreign policy (decay of the Soviet Union, end of east west conflict) existed. Since end of the civil war developed the political landscape from an authoritarian system to the democratic state. Presidents and governments becamealways by ARENA posed, however the FMLN could win with local elections substantially at influence.

See also: List of the presidents of El Salvador


the social problems are still large after end of the civil war. It givesa high force rate, also child kindesentführungen are common, equally large differences between poor and richly prevail. Many that realms have own private protection services. That is often the only work for lower ranks that of military, those by the peace treaty of 1992became unemployed. About each sixth possesses a weapon, approx. one million weapons are in the circulation.

The drug consumption likewise increased after the war. Youth gangs in army strength control whole boroughs, also child prostitution are in the rise. The family life is after the warvery come to damage, the fathers often set off into the USA. For many young people it is one „youth without perspectives “. The work in the drug trade often appears as only occupation.

The right-conservative ARENA - a party (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista deEl Salvador) and the opposition, which is former Guerilla FMLN (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional) in the parliament represented.

A large political and economic dependence on the USA exists itself, also at the restaurant datato occupy leaves.

To 21. March 2004 Präsidentenwahlen took place in El Salvador, which the sport reporter and radio entrepreneur Antonio Saca of the government party oriented towards the right ARENA with 57% of the voices won. It sat down against the earlier Guerillakommandanten Schafik Handal ofthe left-wing oriented FMLN through, which therefore got 36. ARENA regiert El Salvador seit 15 Jahren. The new president stepped his office at the 1. June 2004 on.

administrative arrangement

the country is divided in 14 provinces (Departamentos):

Map of the provinces El Salvadors
Province capital
1 Ahuachapán Ahuachapán
2 Cabañas Sensuntepeque
3 Chalatenango Chalatenango
4 Cuscatlán Cojutepeque
5 La Libertad Santa Tecla
6 La Paz Zacatecoluca
7 La Unión La Unión
8 Morazán San Francisco Gotera
9 San Miguel San Miguel
10 San Salvador San Salvador
11 San Vicente San Vicente
12 Santa Ana Santa Ana
13 Sonsonate Sonsonate
14 Usulután Usulután


base data

El Salvador orients itself at the principlesthe free-market economy. The economic policy is characterized by Neoliberalismus. National services are denationalized, as far as possible. The GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT is 2002 around 1,9% on 10,6 billion Euro (1,638 euro per head) the grown and thus substantially under growth prognoses of approx. 3 %remained. It is in all other respects absorbed by the population growth of 2,1% completely. The situation on the job market is difficult. To the official unemployment ratio of 7% must approx. 30 40% Unterbeschäftigte to be added.

The year 2001 was for El Salvadordue to the earthquakes, the historical purge of the coffee prices and the assassination attempt of terror of the 11. September in the USA (with those approx. 60% of the foreign trade to be completed) extremely difficultly. Compared with this disaster year the GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT is in the first quarter2002 around 1,9% risen, in particular owing to the building industry (+ 16.8%), still of the earthquake reconstruction profit.


of main export goods El Salvadors are the coffee, sugar, Shrimps, textiles and chemicals. Above all machines are importedand vehicles as well as crude oil.

At present (2005) work approximately 38% per cent of the workers in the agrarian sector/food sector (largest part of it coffee).

between 1992 and 2000 the portion

of the public expenditures for that was appropriate for public expenditures for health, education and



Web on the left of

Wiktionary: El Salvador - word origin, synonyms and translations

coordinates: 13° 40 ′ 8 " N, 88°51 ′ 58 " W


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