Electronic data processing
the electronic data processing (briefly EDP or data processing called) is the comprehensive term for the collection and treatment of data (=Datenverarbeitung) by electronic machines. Electronic machines were in former times electromechanical machines, which worked with punch cards, today are it in thatRule computer.
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contents, tasks and functions thatData processing
Computers receive data, interpret them and act the software accordingly. The data processing technology is with the information technologyrelated.
As basic pattern the EH principle in such a way specified (expenditure for input processing) is considered to the electronic data processing. Apart from the new procurement and administration of the EDP equipment the disposal represents an increasing problem field (see electronics scrap iron).
EDP in enterprises and institutions
in most larger enterprises is the EDP department for the supply and maintenance (administration/system attendant) of the necessary computer infrastructure responsibly (hardware, software, network). Same applies to public institutions. In schools frequently a training person is cancelled for this task, who receives for this a reduction of its training payment in kind around until two weekly hours.
EDP and IT
Data processing (data processing, English. DATA processing) often falsely becomes in the enterprises with information technology (IT, English. information technology) equated. This is actually naturally not correct. Data are only storage mediums without contents and must correctly interpretedbecome, so that information can be read from these data. Equating the two terms is probably to be due to the trend of the increasing use of Anglizismen in the German language.
development and history of the EDP
as onethe pioneers for the machine, electromechanical data processing applies Herman Hollerith, which used punch cards, in order to master the data sets of the census 1890/1891 in the USA. The tabulating machine developed for it became in the course of the time around further machines like the sorter, thatMixer, the punch, the printer etc. supplemented. Finally a large Firmenimperium, IBM developed from the extensive paragraph of these products. These techniques became in companies and authorities as organizational resources to approx. 1980 applied.
In the German Reich under the national socialism(Third realm) each inhabitant on punch cards was seized. In a column of this punch card the religion was seized. And printed out resulted in it by machine sorts an aid of the Holocausts. Punch cards were used also for instance for the controlling of the Eisenbahnverkehrs.
AsPioneer of the electronic data processing applies for Konrad Zuse, which manufactured first electromechanical calculating machines in relay technique. With the introduction of the semiconductor technology electronic calculating machines (computers) in consequence became broadly available and revolutionized thus the data processing. The computer can due to itshohen le bewältigen de Datenmengen de grosse de sehr de Verarbeitungsgeschwindigkeit.
Computers (computer, processor) facilitate today the data processing, it replace (- electrical (- mechanical)) Machines by programmable electronics.
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