Elisée Reclus

Élisée Reclus (1878)

Élisée Reclus (* 15. March 1830 in Sainte Foy la Grande, Gironde; † 4. July 1905 in Thourout with Bruges) was a French geographer.

Reclus was the second son of a Protestant minister, who had altogether twelve children, of which some as man of letters, politician or members of the free occupations admits became.

It continued and terminated its training , which he had begun in the Prussian Rhine country, in the Protestant Kolleg of Montauhan it at the citizens of Berlin university, where it participated in a long training course in geography of Karl knight.

After Reclus itself in reaction to the coup d'etat of 2. December 1851 from France had withdrawn, bereiste it until 1857 Great Britain, the USA, Central America and Colombia. After its return to Paris he wrote numerous articles for revue deux of the moon, route you moons and other magazines, in which he communicated the results to his geographical work. One of its works from this period was a short Histoire D' un ruisseau, where he describes the development of a large river from the source to the delta. it published 1867-68 in two volumes La Terre; description phénomènes de la vie you globe.

During the occupation of Paris Reclus participated in the aero-static attempts of Nadar and served in the national guard. As a member of the Association national ones of the Travailleurs publish it in Cri you Peuple a communist manifesto against the government in Versailles that in connection with the communist rebellion of 18. March 1871 to see is (Paris municipality).

As revolutionary Nationalgardist became it to 5. April taken prisoner and to 16. November condemns. On urge of influential delegations from England the punishment was determined in January 1872 at durable banishing.

After a short stay in Italy Reclus in Clarens Switzerland established itself , where he took up his literary work again. After he had written a montagne counterpart with a Histoire D' une for the earlier history of a river, he wrote here nearly all its large work, under it to La Nouvelle Géographic universal, la terre et les hoinmes, 19 Bd. (1875 - 1894). This is an extensive summary, which is illustrated with maps and other illustrations continuous and was distinguished 1892 by that Paris geography company with gold medal. Extreme accuracy and convincing representation are the most important characteristics of all works Reclus', those a continuous scientific and literary value come.

1882 initiated Reclus a “anti-marriage movement “. Logically it permitted to its two daughters to marry itself without each civilian or church-legal confirmation. This was heavy even for its supporters to borne and led to pursuits of Anarchisten by the French government, in particular by a high court in Lyons. Beside Reclus thereby Peter Kropotkin was regarded as anarchister leaders. Consequently Kropotkin was condemned to five years detention, while Reclus could extract itself due to its Swiss of domicile from a punishment.

Starting from 1892 Reclus held a chair for comparative geography at the university in Brussels .

Before its death Reclus L'Homme short circuited et la terre off, which can be regarded as coronation/culmination of its earlier work for the position of humans in its environment.

secondary literature

  • Henriette Chardak, Élisée Reclus, une vie: l'homme qui aimait la Terre, Paris: Stick, 1997
  • Marie Fleming, The geography OF freedom: the odyssey OF Elisée Reclus, Montréal [etc.]: Black rose Books, 1988
  • max of Nettlau, Elisée Reclus. Anarchist and scholar (1830-1905), Berlin: The syndicalist Fritz Kater, 1928

Web on the left of

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| | * Literature of and over Elisée Reclus in the catalog of the DDB



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