Eloy Alfaro

of these articles acts of Eloy Alfaro, president of Ecuador. For the city in the province Guayas, designated after it, see Durán
Eloy Alfaro

José Eloy Alfaro Delgado (* 25. June 1842 in Montecristi, Manabí, † 28. January 1912 in Quito,) was murdered Ecuadorian military and politicians. He was twice (1895-1901 and 1906-1911) a president of Ecuador. It is considered as the outstanding liberal politician in the history of its country and as central figure of the political life at the turn of 19. to 20. Century. It created 1878 the Partido liberal, the liberal a party of Ecuador, those under different name a central role in the Ecuadorian party landscape 20. Century played.

Table of contents

origin and political-military activities before 1895

Alfaro originated from a wealthy family. Its father was a politically exilierter Spaniard, who was active as exporters of Panama hats, its nut/mother a native Indianerin.

Also the young Eloy dedicated itself first to the trade, before it already turned in recent years to the policy and the military opposition against conservative governments. It had confessed possession structures since its youth in contact with the poor agricultural workers of its region and particularly occurred for the improvement of their living conditions and against those quasi to feudalen on the cocoa plan days, which secured for its entire political and military career a support in its homeland for it. As liberal it fought since 1864 against the conservative president Gabriel García Moreno, which governed until 1875, spent however erwungenermassen most time in the exile in Panama. There he married 1865 the native Ana Paredes Arosemena, with which he had nine children, who carried names such as Bolívar , Esmeraldas, América and Olmedo.

1876 it returned to Ecuador and occurred after the coup d'etat of the liberal of general Ignacio de Veintemilla against Antonio Borrero its newly formed government. It went already shortly thereafter however disappointed by Veintemilla again in the exile to Panama, from where it zurückkkehrte 1878, in order to fight Veintimilla militarily. Alfaro was taken prisoner and again exiliert in the subsequent year.

Since 1883 it fought to the conservative José María Plácido Caamaño again in Ecuador against the acting president, this time. In its homeland province Manabí he was proclaimed to the head of state, could not not increase its power base however. In a sea-battle before Jaramijó that was subject to the government troops and fled to Peru. Later it pulled America on search for financial and ideological support in the fight for the liberalism in Ecuador through completely.

“liberals revolution” and presidencies Alfaros

overview

Eloy Alfaro

after the coup d'etat of 8. June 1895, which introduced the stage of the Revolución liberals in Ecuadorian history, was proclaimed Alfaro in Guayaquil to the head of state (jefe supremo) and returned a further mark to Ecuador, in order to exercise the office. 1897 selected it a condition-giving meeting to the constitutional president, its first term of office lasted until 1901. The successor Leonidas Plaza Gutiérrez, a party man of Alfaros of liberal a party, selected with Alfaros support, had become alienated during the choice preparations from Alfaro, governed however to a large extent in Alfaros senses. 1906 were selected by Plaza supported Lizardo García to the president and after short Militärkampagene of Alfaro fallen shortly thereafter. Alfaro thereupon to the head of state and 1907 proclaim again by a new condition-giving meeting to the president selected, who adopted also a liberal, Ecuador secularizing condition (the twelfths in that to date 77-jährigen history of the country).

political program

during its reigns it caused the liberal revolution, a circulation of the Ecuadorian commonwealth from the inside, which was maintained also during the term of office of its first successor Plaza Gutiérrez. Alfaro provided for the definite separation from church and state, konfiszierte to large extent church property, secularized the training system and introduced freedom of religion and civil marriage . It created the death penalty off. Alfaro gave besides the crucial Anschub for the completion of the railway connection between Quito and Guayaquil (in its first presidency up to the Colta lake arrives and 1908 is finished ), begun under García Moreno, based different institutions for education and dedicated itself more strongly than its predecessor the Indian and improved of the woman question, and the legal position of both groups.

fall 1911

at the end of its second term of office suggested Alfaro Emilio Estrada as a presidency candidate, who was also selected 1911. Alfaro wanted to force this still before its taking office to the resignation, so that he could be proclaimed again to the head of state. Estrada refused itself supports it and obtained the fall Alfaros at the 11 to this demand and military units in Quito. August. Alfaro fled again to Panama. After a short transition presidency of president of the senate of Carlo Freile Zaldumbide Estrada was sworn in in September.

renewed attempt of the seizure of power, capture and death

as Estrada in December 1911 surprisingly deceased, went to Alfaro again to Ecuador, in order to back-conquer power. It was arrested and arrested in a prison in Quito. To 18. Violent demonstrators penetrated and killed January 1912 into the prison Eloy Alfaro and four its fellow combatant (under it its brother Medardo). They schleiften its body into the Ejido park, where they burned it publicly.

Nachleben

the city, the canton and the Kirchspiel Durán with Guayaquil carry officially also the name Eloy Alfaro, likewise a canton in the province Esmeraldas. Likewise the Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí is designated in Manta and the resuming military school Escuela Superior military Eloy Alfaro created by it after Alfaro.

Beside the follow-up parties of the Partido liberal a party Frente Radical Alfarista, which placed an Ecuadorian president with Fabían Alarcón Rivera 1997/98 , leans the 1972 created liberals likewise against its names and its ideas like the Guerilla and group of terror of Alfaro Vive operating into the 1980er years ¡ Carajo!.

To 26. September 2003 was appointed Eloy Alfaro by decree of the vice-president at that time and today's president Alfredo Palacio the national hero of Ecuador.

To 27. November 2005 communicated the Ecuadorian TV-transmitter Ecuavisa that Eloy Alfaro in the Ecuadorian version of the TV-format with 33,39% of the 157,00 delivered voices, sent in Germany as our best ones, was selected to the “best Ecuadorianer”. It platzierte itself before going he olympia winner Jefferson Pérez, writer Juan Montalvo, former president José María Velasco Ibarra and Frauenaktivistin Matilde Hidalgo de Procel.

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