Enns (city)

coat of arms map
Lage in Österreich
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Upper Austria
district: Linz country
surface: 33.27 km ²
inhabitants: 10.611 (conditions 2001)
population density: 319 Einwohner/km ²
height: 281 m and. NN
postal zip code: 4470
preselections: 07223
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 13 ′ N, 14° 28 ′ O
48° 13 ′ N, 14° 28 ′ O
Kfz characteristics: LL
official municipality characteristic number: 41005
arrangement of the city: 14 localities
address of the city administration: Main place 11
4470 Enns
web page: www.enns.at
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Franz Stefan Karlinger(SPÖ)
Local council: 37 members: 12 ÖVP,
21 SPÖ, 1 FPÖ, 3 the Green

Enns is a city in upper Austria. It is on 281 m sea-height because of the river Enns, that here the border too Lower Austria forms.

Enns is the oldest city of Austria, the municipal law document from the year 1212 can in the Ennser museum be visited. Landmark of the city Enns is the 60 m high city tower.

Table of contents

Geografie

lane in the old part of town with city tower

Enns is on 281 m height in the upperAustrian central room. The expansion amounts to from north to south 7.5 km, from west to east8.6 km. The total area amounts to 34.3 km ². 12.8% of the surface are wooded, 64.1% of the surface are agriculturally used. Local parts of the municipality are: Einsiedl, Enghagen, Enghagen at the Tabor, Enns, Ental, Erlengraben, Hiesendorf, Kottingrat, Kristein, Kronau, Lorch, Moos, Rabenberg, people village.

coats of arms

official description of the municipality coat of arms: Divided; above in green a silver, red gewaffneter, increasing Panther; down divided by silver and red.The municipality colors are green white red. It reminds of the so-called Georgenberger strong one 1192 (hereditary contract between the steiermärkischen Ottokarenand the Babenbergern). The top of the coat of arms sign represents the steirischen Panther, to lower half of the Austrian binding sign.

history

lock Ennsegg

first settlements in the Mündungsgebiet of the Enns into the Danube are before approximately 4000Years.

Around 400 v. Chr. settled Celts the country. The celtic Kingdom of Noricum was attached 15 after Christ the Roman realm and raised in the year 45 to the Roman province Noricum.

In the second and third century was in the area of thetoday's Enns the Roman camp Lauriacum with up to 6.400 Soldaten.Das camp was 539 meters long and 398 meters wide. The civil city already received the municipal law to 212 by emperors Caracalla. At that time about 30,000 humans in Lauriacum lived. During thatChristian pursuit at present emperors Diokletians suffered the holy Florian to 4. May 304 martyr death by drowning in the Enns.

Around the year 370 on the remainders of a temple a earlyChristian Basilika was built, Lauriacum was to 488 bishop seat.1344 developed over the foundation of the old church the current Basilika of Lorch.

Around 900 became on the George mountain, near the today's city centre, which establishes “Enisiburg” to the protection against the ideas that Hungary. Out of it later the lock wentEnnsegg out. The surrounding settlement experienced 12 starting from that. Century an upswing, as a count Otakar II. a market established.

View over the main place to the south

on the George mountain came it 1186 to the signing of the Georgenberger strong one, a succession contract betweenOtakar IV. of Steyr, which did not have male inheriting, and which Babenbergerherzog Leopold V. of Austria. After death Otakars in the year 1192 fell the Steiermark, which was at that time much larger than the today's Land of the Federal Republic and from Slovenia to upper Austriawas enough, at the Babenberger and Enns became thus Austrian.

With the award of the municipal law by Leopold VI. in the year 1212 Enns became the city and is considered today as the oldest city of Austria.

In the year 1501 Enns became seat by MaximilianI. established government. In 16. Jhd. became Protestant Enns and 1532 stood the Turks before Enns. The city tower became 1564 - 1568 among emperors Ferdinand I and its son Maximilian II., when desired the Ennser citizen as bells, awake andClock tower, built. 1569/70 were developed the old Ennsburg, which disintegrated slowly, to the lock Ennsegg and. Also by 1483 the established landesfürstliche castle was extended in this year. Sealing with red wax was permitted starting from 1594.

The Ennser hadunder the pressure of the Gegenreformation to suffer and large victims of the citizenry demanded quartering the churbayrischen war people and fiscal charges. In addition 1625 the plague, each the 14 came. Inhabitant dahinraffte. As then still 1626 the farmers the city for30 days besieged, 2/3 of the houses were strongly damaged.

During the succession wars under Maria Theresia (1741) was Enns 16 weeks long by churbayrische and French troops occupied. In the years 1805 and 1809 French troops in Enns were quartered. Afterthere was the battle of Ebelsberg between 4. and 6. May of 1809 violent fights to the Ennsbrücke. Napoleon was quartered for three days in the lock Ennsegg. After these martial times again a time of the upswing followed.

From fear, the cartscould not come through any longer, 1845 to 1849 the city gates were broken off. The Ringmauern fell and also the wells at the main place around 1900 were cleared away.

The today's landmark of the city, the city tower at the main place, became 1564 to 1568 as bell, awakeand clock tower establishes.

politics

historical front at the main place

local council

the local council consist of 37 members and consist since the local council choice 2003 of mandates of the following parties:

mayor is Franz Stefan Karlinger of the SPÖ

inhabitant development

1991 had the municipality according to census of 10,192 inhabitants, 2001 then 10,639 inhabitants.

honour citizen

Web on the left of


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)