|of these articles is concerned with the decision theory in the economics. For decision procedures in the sense of the logic and computer science see decision problem.|
A decision procedure can be described as a procedure of the acquisition of information and - to processing. Synonymously to the term decision procedures are used frequently decision theory, - process or - beginning. One differentiates in quantitative (mathematical) and empirical procedures. A further important distinction takes place in university - and multipersonale decisions.
With respect to the economics two concepts of the decision theory can be differentiated according to origin, objective, shape and suitability:
- the quantitative (mathematical) procedure and
- the empirical procedure.
Table of contents
quantitative (mathematical) procedure
in the core of the quantitative (mathematical) procedure goes it around systematizing and leading with application of mathematical models for a correct or wrong solution organisationale organization decisions.
The quantitative decision theory goes out with “good structured” decision problems and the axiom of the Rationalität and develops for typical problem situations solution methods. It applies to filter thus under a quantity of possible actions that, which is best suitable for the given goal. It is however not analyzed whether the persons involved act actually rationally or not.
The following aspects dominate in the quantitative decision theory:
- Calculation (stands for model and logic)
questions are to be clarified regarding illustration and transfer barness of material circumstances in a formalized language as well as their conclusiveness.
- Here optimization (stands for relative maximization
) applies it for questions about the kind of answering to the organization and the connection of goal parameters and limited secondary conditions including their functional linkage and representation.
- Probability (stands for stochastics)
it applies to clarify questions regarding assessability and quantitative representation of actions planned by chances or risks. Aspects such as problem, person and process, which are central in the empirical decision theory, are not considered. In the reality are the offered models, procedures and solutions, which the quantitative decision theory makes available, often too unrealistically (too easily) or too complicated.
empirical decision procedures
the empirical decision procedure orients themselves at the aspect of the human behavior and falls back to contentwise and methodical realizations of the psychology . Aspects are the center of attention such as problems, persons and processes, as well as their purchases among themselves (for example interests or commitment).
She would like to describe and explain, how decisions in the reality are made, considered in addition, as during the decision procedure goals to form and change. Also the empirical decision theory wants to be limited to the most substantial and state-ablest characteristics, therefore a kind of concept is also here given.
“The empirical decision theory sees its task in finding empirically contentful hypotheses over the human decision and problem solution behavior. ” (Lit.: Filters, S.3)
argues you particularly with research and interests of reason such as investigation objects, questions and efficiency conditions. With research methods as, observations, questionings and experiments are won the necessary realizations of the actual decision behavior.
„university and multipersonalen decisions “
„university University of “ met decisions are such, with which a person isolates the activities of decision making accomplishes (even if actions of other persons are included).
With „multipersonalen decisions “ more than one person is involved in only one decision-making process.
„University and multipersonale decision situations “do not have to remain constant always. If individual decision makers of unipersonaler decision-making processes decide to solve a problem together (multi-personnel), the process becomes multi-personnel. Person's groups, which are involved in a multipersonalen decision-making process, are called also group , team or collective.
- George Schreyögg: Organization. 4. Aufl. Publishing house Gabler, Wiesbaden 2003, ISBN 3-409-47729-2
- filters: Economical decision theory ". 3. Aufl. Werner publishing house, Duesseldorf 1990, ISBN 3-8041-3151-4
- Rolf Bronner: Planning and decision. 3. Aufl. Oldenburg publishing house Munich Vienna 1999, ISBN 3-486-24628-3
- Egbert bald ones: Operational decisions. 4. Aufl. Oldenburg publishing house Munich Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-486-23493-5