a Enzyklika is a circular written by the Roman-German emperor or the Roman Pope (usually ) in Latin language. They are common since Pope Benedikt XIV.In case of the Pope it turns to the whole church. Enzykliken know fundamental topicsdedicated to the faith notice its or also special pastorale accents exhibit. They are then typically only as discipline acres not to understand as infallible training authority. From it results that they follow the change of the things, this shows up clearly at the Sozialenzyklikenthe Popes. The imperial Enzykliken was mostly coronation/culmination reports.

Table of contents

papal Enzykliken since 1800

Enzyklika,coming from the Greek “enkyklios”, means literally “in the periphery” or “in the circle constantly”. She is to be understood thus also as circulars to the bishops of the earth circle. Some Enzykliken, beginning with the Friedensenzyklika Pope Johannes XXIII. of 1963 “Pacem in terris”,are not only to the Gläubigen, but also “to all those good intentions are” arranged.

The Enzykliken is quoted with the first two or three initial words of the first sentence (so towards. “Incipit ", more rarely also only the first word, e.g.with the Enzyklika “Libertas” Leo XIII. of 1888, or with more words like “Graves de COMM university RH” Leo XIII. of 1901).

Here for example (in the original on German wrote) the Enzyklika is “with burning concern “(lat.: Ardenti cura) mentioned,the Pope Pius XI. in view of the situation in the German Reich to 14. March 1937 gave change and against the National Socialist ideology arranged themselves. In all other respects appeared to 19. March of the same yearly a Enzyklika, those communism condemned and a little latera Enzyklika to the situation in Mexico (“Nos it muy conocida”). Three Enzykliken within two weeks to have published, record remained in entire Pope history.

Their publication takes place in the Official Journal of the Hl. Chair, repeatedly is also at the same time an officialTranslation in other language added.

Since Gregor XVI.(1831-1846) the Popes published regularly Enzykliken, Leo XIII. (1878-1903) altogether about 80, Pius XI. about 30. Since Paul VI. also papal training letters are drawn up more frequently than before in less solemn form,for instance the respective Apostoli letter (Exhortatio apostolica) following a Bischofssynode. The still shorter form of the Breven is today uncommon for training statements.

Pope Leo XII. already condemned 1824 in the Enzyklika Ubi primum the religious indifferentism; Pius VIII. humilitate nostrae resisted alleged secret companies , in particular the Freimaurer in its short Pontifikat with Traditi, whom he regarded as danger for the church state. The intransigente direction set Gregor XVI. away, that with me air vos 1832 thatIndifferentism and rationalism condemned and 1834 the liberalism rejected (against Lamennais). Although first in defensive attitude, then begins under Gregor XVI. but the struggle kath. Church around the appropriate distance of the state politics, first still restaurativ asDefense approximately jedweden political naturalism formulates. The large, uniform line over Leo XIII. and Pius XI. to Johannes Paul II. surprised: If one appreciates the context-conditioned mode of expression relating, then the general impression remains that the requirement of the Popes itself more andmore concentrates on the religious requirement of the Christianity, in order to be useful so to the future of a civilization in paging.

Enzykliken Pope Leos XIII. (Selection)

  1. Quod apostolici muneris (28. Dec. 1878, over the rights of humans in the society) [1]
  2. Aeterni Patris (4. August. 1879, over philosophy and the authority of the Hl. Thomas's v. Aquin)
  3. Humanum genus (20. April. 1884, against the secret companies and free bricklaying)
  4. Immortale Dei (1. Nov. 1885, over the Christian constitution)
  5. Libertas praestantissimum donum(20. June 1888, freedom of religion and)
  6. Quamquam of pluries (15. August. 1889, over the Hl. Josef)
  7. Rerum Novarum (21. May 1891, to the worker question) [2] [3]
  8. Providentissimus Deus (18. Nov. 1893, over the Hl. Writing) [4]
  9. Apostolicae curae (13. September. 1896,Distortion of anglikanischer consecrations)
  10. Annum sacrum (25. May 1899, Christian king and. Heart Jesu admiration on the occasion of the Hl. Yearly 1900)
  11. Graves de COMM university RH (18. January. 1901 over the Christian democracy in the sense of social welfare activity)
  12. Annum ingressi (19. March 1902, on the occasion of 25. Pontifikatsjahrs)
  13. Mirae caritatis (28. May 1902, to the Eucharistie)

further one of proofs with Leo XIII.

Enzykliken Pope Pius X. (Selection)

  1. Ad diem illud (2. February 1904, to the Marienverehrung)
  2. vehement one nos (11. February 1906, against laicité in France)
  3. the Pascendi dominicigregis (8. September 1907) [5]
  4. Singulari quadam (24.September 1912, to dt. Bishops in the trade union controversy) [6] [7]

Enzykliken Pope Benedikt XV. (Selection)

  1. Ad beatissimi Apostolorum principis of the 1. Nov. 1914 (against the world war and for the unitthe church, Antrittsenzyklika )
  2. Humani generis redemptionem of 15. June 1917 (over the lecture of the word of God)
  3. in hook tanta of 4. May 1919 (to the German bishops, to the 1200-Jahrfeier of the Evangelisierung Germaniens)
  4. Pacem Dei munus pulcherrimum of 23. May1920 (over the peace and international law)
  5. white spirits Paraclitus of 15. September. 1920 (over the holy writing)
  6. in praeclara summorum of 30. April. 1921 (over Dante)
  7. Fausto appetente of 29. June 1921 (over the Hl. Dominikus)

the most famous textthis Pope was début the Apostoli letter to the heads of the war-prominent States of Dès le of the 1. August 1917, the most courageous peace initiative of the Pope.

Enzykliken Pope Pius' XI. (Selection)

  1. Ubi arcano Dei consilio of 23. December 1922(over the peace Christi in the realm Christi, Antrittsenzyklika)
  2. Quas primas of the 11. December 1925 (over the Christian king celebration)
  3. Rerum Ecclesiae of 28. February 1926 (over the missions)
  4. would guess/advise expiatis of 30. April 1926 (over the Hl. Franz of Assisi)
  5. Mortalium animosof 6. January 1928 (over the Christian unit)
  6. Divini illius magic stringer of 31. December 1929 (over the Christian education)
  7. Casti connubii of 31. December 1930 (over the Christian marriage)
  8. new facts impendet of 2. October 1931 (against the world economic crisis)
  9. Quadragesimo anno (1931) Sozialenzyklika [8] [9]
  10. Non abbiamo bisogno (1931) against ital. Fascism [10] [11] [12]
  11. Vigilanti cura of 29. June 1936 (over the cinema)
  12. with burning concern (14. March 1937) [13] (against the national socialism)
  13. Divini redemptoris (19. March 1937) [14](against atheistischen communism)

Enzykliken Pope Pius' XII. (Selection)

under the Pontifikat of Pope Pius XII. appeared altogether 41 Enzykliken, under others:

  1. Summi pontificatus (1939) (Antrittsenzyklika, against the war)
  2. Mystici corporis (1943) (overthe church) [15]
  3. Divino afflante Spiritu (1943) (over the holy writing) [16]
  4. Mediator Dei (1947) (over the Liturgie) [17]
  5. Humani Generis (1950) (over newer theological tendencies) [18]
  6. Haurietis aquas (1956) (over the heart Jesu admiration) [19]
  7. Miranda prorsus (1957) (over film, radio and television)

all Enzykliken Pope Johannes' XXIII.

  1. Ad Petri Cathedram (29. June 1959, Antrittsenzyklika, over the forthcoming council)
  2. Sacerdotii Nostri Primordia (1. August 1959, over the Hl. Minister of acre)
  3. Grata Recordatio (26. September 1959, over the Rosenkranz)
  4. Princeps pastorum (28. November 1959, over the missions, native Klerus and layman participation)
  5. mould et Magistra (15. May 1961, Sozialenzyklika) [20] [21]
  6. Aeterna Dei Sapientia (11. November 1961, over the 1500-Jahr-Feier of thePope Leo I. and Petrus as center of Christian unit)
  7. Poenitentiam Agere (1. July 1962 over the requirement of internal and outside penalty)
  8. Pacem in terris (11. April 1963, Friedensenzyklika) [22] [23]

all Enzykliken Pope Pauls VI.

  1. Ecclesiam Suam (6. August 1964) over the ways of the church, its identity and the dialogue
  2. Mense Maio (29. April 1965) over the Marienverehrung in the month May
  3. Mysterium fidei (3. September 1965) over the Eucharistie
  4. Christi Matri (15. September 1966) over Maria niche the peace prayer in October
  5. Populorum Progressio (26. March 1967) over the progress of the peoples
  6. Sacerdotalis Caelibatus (24. June 1967) over the beforeless way of life of the priests in the follow-up Jesu Christi
  7. Humanae Vitae (25. July 1968) over the passing on of the life of mankind (the so-called. “Pillenenzyklika “)

under the ten larger Apostoli letters (beside twenty further) Paul VI. are esp. to call:

Octogesima Adveniens (1971, to the social teachings)

Maria-read Cultus (1974, thatthird and most detailed letters to the Marienverehrung)

Gaudete in domino (1975, over the Christian joy)

Evangelii Nuntiandi (1975, nachsynodal: see. Bischofssynode)

all Enzykliken Pope Johannes Pauls II.

  1. Redemptor Hominis (4. March 1979) over the release of theHumans
  2. Dives in Misericordia (30. November 1980) over pitying God
  3. Laborem Exercens (14. September 1981) over the work (1. Sozialenzyklika)
  4. Slavorum Apostoli (2. June 1985) over the Hll. Kyrill and Method
  5. Dominum et Vivificantem (18. May 1986) over the holy spirit
  6. Redemptoris mould (25. March 1987) over the Marienverehrung [24]
  7. being Rei Socialis (30. December 1987) (2. Sozialenzyklika)
  8. Redemptoris Missio (7. December 1990) over the order for mission
  9. Centesimus Annus (1. May 1991)(3. Sozialenzyklika)
  10. Veritatis Splendor (6. August 1993) over the truth as foundation of the moral order [25]
  11. gospel Vitae (25. March 1995) over those became the human life [26]
  12. Ut Unum Sint (25. May 1995) over the Ökumenismus
  13. Fideset reason (14. September 1998) over faith and reason [27]
  14. Ecclesia de Eucharistia (17. April 2003) over the Eucharistie [28] [29]

Enzykliken Pope Benedikts XVI.

  1. Deus Caritas est (25. December 2005) (25 appeared to.January 2006)

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