|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Baden-Wuerttemberg|
|regional association:||Heilbronn Franconia|
|kind of municipality:||Large district town|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 49° 08 ' N, 08° 55 ' O 49° 08 ' N, 08° 55 ' O
|height:||191 m and. NN|
|surface:||88,59 km ²|
|inhabitants:||21.145 (31. December 2004)|
|Population density:||239 Einwohner/km ²|
|postal zip codes:||75020-75031 (old: 7519)|
|Preselections:||07262, 07260, 07138|
|municipality key:||08 1 25 026|
|city arrangement:||Town center and 6 quarters|
| address |
of the city administration:
| Rathhausstrasse 14 |
|mayor:||Klaus Holaschke (non-party)|
| situation of the city Eppingen|
in the district Heilbronn
Eppingen is northeast 22 km a city in the northwest of Baden-Wuerttemberg of about to the west of Heilbronn and about 41 km from Karlsruhe. It belongs to the central range Heilbronn withinthe upper center of the same name.
Table of contents
following cities and municipalities border on the city Eppingen (in the clockwise direction, beginning in the northeast):Ittlingen, Kirchardt, Gemmingen, Schwaigern, Brackenheim, Güglingen, Pfaff yards and Zaberfeld (all district Heilbronn), Sulzfeld, Kraichtal and east rings (all district Karlsruhe) as well as Sinsheim (Rhine-Neckar-region). With the municipalities Gemmingen and Ittlingen are Eppingenan agreed upon central administrative body received.
the city Eppingens consists Mühlbach, a smelling and tubing brook of the town center Eppingen and the quarters aristocracy yards, Elsenz, smallrefine oh. To some quarters there are further living places with own name, which has however usually only very few inhabitants. For thisbelong dam yard, cherry yard, Ottilienberg, Raussmühle and Rosalienhof.
the first documentary mention of the city Eppingen took place only in the year 985, as the settlement via Otto III. one gave to the diocese Worms. The name ending “- ingen “leaves however on a settlementduring the alemannischen colonization in the 3. or 4. Century close. Also the find of Frankish row graves with the Pfaff mountain occupies an earlier settlement.
In the 11. Century was Eppingen in the salischen, in 12. Century in pilotfish possession. In the year 1188 she was mentioned as fastened place (“burgum”).Supposed taken place in the year 1192 the collection to the city via Heinrich VI.. It became 1219 by Friedrich II. at Mark count Hermann V. from bathing pawns. In the future there was repeated other Verpfändung, however the municipal law remained here untouched. In the year 1364 down Mühlbach becameand 1372 waiter Mühlbach acquired.
1435 were the Grundsteinlegung of a new, larger parish church. In the year 1462 the city Eppingen, after the victory of the Kurpfalz over the Mark county bathing, fell finally to the Kurpfalz, but was it from 1469 to approx. 1520 to the gentlemen ofGemmingen pawns. In 15. and 16. Century experienced Eppingen a further economic bloom time. In this connection 1421 were mentioned for the first time a latin school.
Starting from 1693 the main warehouse of the German realm Reich was in the Pfälzer succession war between Eppingen and Stebbach. This stood under the instruction of the Mark count Ludwig William of bathing. From 1695 to 1697 the establishment of the Eppinger lines took place. In the year 1803 Eppingen fell to the country bathing, where it became 1813 seat of an office for district. The city maintained the secondaryoldest Landwirtschaftsschule in bathing. End 19. CenturyEppingen was attached to the Eisenbahnnetz ( 1879 direction Karlsruhe , 1880 direction Heilbronn , 1899 direction Heidelberg).
in the context of an administrative reorganisation was dissolved 1924 the office for district Eppingen. The city was assigned to the office for district Sinsheim, from which 1936 the district Sinsheim came out.
Between 1971 and 1972 was integrated altogether 6 surrounding municipalities (5 municipalities of the district Sinsheim and the city smallrefine oh, which belonged to date to the district Heilbronn) after Eppingen. The increased city Eppingen belonged first still further to the district Sinsheim, then however in the context of the circle reform to 1. January 1973 was dissolved. Eppingen was assigned to the district Heilbronn, which belongs to the governmental district Stuttgart. Thus the city formerly of Baden Eppingen “is administered” now from württembergischen Stuttgart. For the allocation z. B. the churches and the sport associations had this however no effect,there these still in each case „to the “superordinate roof federations of Baden (diocese, regional church, sport circle) belong.
In the year 2000 the number of inhabitants of the city Eppingen exceeded the 20.000-Grenze. But the city administration placed only to 2001 the request for collection to the large district town, which the federal state government of Baden-Wuerttemberg then with effect of 1. January 2002 decided.
originally belonged to religions the area of the city Eppingen to the diocese. When 1555 the reformation was introduced to the Kurpfalz, the lutherische confession could become generally accepted, but 1562 by the national gentleman the reformed confession was introduced. Afterwardsif Eppingen longer time was predominantly Protestant, changed - depending upon national gentleman („cuius regio - eius religio “) - however altogether eleven times the confession. Since 1698 there were however again catholic of clergyman in Eppingen, after it isolates catholics also before had given, however from neighbouringMinisters were cared for.
1707 were divided the only parish church of the city: The reformed ones received the nave, the catholics the choir of the town church. Around 1750 there was also again Lutheraner, which could use the Peter chapel for their services. Both Protestant municipalities united after the transitionat bathing 1821 to the Evangelist-Protestant municipality Eppingen, the member of the Evangelist regional church in bathing. Eppingen became seat of a Dekanats, which was dissolved later, again again based then than church district Eppingen bath Rappenau. This fused to the 1. January 2005 with the church district Sinsheim to the church district Kraichgau. 1878 are pleased the Protestant municipality Eppingen the today's again-Roman church. Since that time the town church belongs to the catholics again completely. Evangelist church municipalities and churches are there also in the Eppinger quarters aristocracy yards, Elsenz, smallrefine oh, to Mühlbach and smelling. The church municipality in the quarter smallrefine oh belongs as only inEppinger city to the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg (Dekanat Brackenheim). A free mission work within the regional church is the coming universityty aristocracy yards with the life center aristocracy yards and a theological seminar.
The catholics Eppingens Speyer belonged and starting from 1810 to the “Generalvikariat Bruchsal ”, for until 1810 further to the diocesethe entire rechtsrheinische area of the former prince dioceses Speyer, Mainz and Worms was responsible.1821 were created then the ore diocese Freiburg as new diocese for the Grand Duchy of bathing and 1827 took up the first archbishop its office. Since that time Eppingen with its entire surrounding countryside belonged to thisOre diocese. In Eppingen is the seat of the Dekanats Bretten, to which today 15 Pfarrgemeinden belong. The Pfarrgemeinde our love Mrs. Eppingen with branch municipality Maria pain Mühlbach forms pc. with the Pfarrgemeinden. Valentin tubing brook, Maria birth smelling and pc. Marien Gemmingen/Stebbach the Seelsorgeeinheit Eppingen. ThosePfarrgemeinde holy Dreifaltigkeit Elsenz forms the Seelsorgeeinheit Kraichtal Elsenz with the Kraichtaler Pfarrgemeinden.
Beside the two large Christian churches also a municipality of the Evangelist Methodisti church exists in Eppingen. Also the Neuapostoli church is represented in Eppingen. For some years the Islamic-Turkish association maintains a mosquein the city.
following cities and municipalities were integrated after Eppingen:
- 1. July 1971: Aristocracy yards
- 1. December 1971: Elsenz, smelling and tubing brook at the Giesshübel as well as city smallrefine oh (district Heilbronn)
- 1. November 1972: Mühlbach (the place, originally from upperand Niedermühlbach existing, belonged already since 1363/72 to Eppingen and became only after the transition at bathing at the beginning 19. Century an independent municipality)
a large part of the inhabitants of the partial place Elsenz aims at also decades after the incorporation the renewed Selbstständigkeit for Elsenzand wants the place therefore again of Eppingen to detach. Since trailers of this opinion were represented also in the Elsenzer locality advice, it came 2002 to also far a controversy between the Elsenzer locality advice on and the Eppinger a local council as well as the city administration, considered beyond Eppingenon the other side over the question, who is to be selected to the local chief von Elsenz. The local council might not have selected the candidate suggested by the locality advice, since the operation of smashing the entire town was accused to him. Instead the local council selected another member of the locality advice toLocal chief, which did not want to accept the choice however.
numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. The numbers are estimations, census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices (only main domiciles).
¹ census result
local council and locality advice
the local council of the city Eppingen has since the last local election of 13. June 2004 of altogether 30 members, that lead the title “town councillor/town councillor”. The choice led to the following result:
- CDU 40.3% (- 1.3) -13 seats (=)
- SPD 28.9% (of +3,3) 9 seats (+1)
- FBW 22.7% (+1,9) - 6 seats (=)
- the Green 8.0% (+0,2) - 2 seats (=)
- other 1.2% (- 3.3) - 0 seats (- 1)
further member of the local council and its chairmen is the mayor.
In everyone of the localities aristocracy yards,Elsenz, smallrefine oh, Mühlbach, smelling and tubing brook gives it to one with each local election from the population entitled to vote to locality advice with a local chief, who can be selected. Furthermore each an administration office has quarters as branch office of the city administration.
at the point of the city Eppingen stood firstthat Schult-hot or judge, who was used by the national gentleman. Besides there was a mayor selected by the citizens. Furthermore there was an advice, in 18. Century from a city and a lawyer Schult hoisting as well as 6 advice relatives and an city clerk existed. In 19. and 20. Centurythe mayor led the city administration. Since the collection to the large district town to the 1. January 2002 carries the city head the office designation mayor. An assigning to with the office designation mayor stands for it to the side.
Mayor and mayor
- 1808 - 1813: Heinrich Jakob Raussmüller, mayor
- 1813 -1816: Carl Morano, mayor
- 1816 - 1831: Ludwig plumb bob ago, mayors
- 1831 - 1844: Friedrich Hochstetter, mayor
- 1844 - 1847: Johann Ludwig Raussmüller, mayor
- 1847 - 1859: William plumb bob ago, mayors
- 1859 - 1866: Gustav Hochstetter, mayor
- 1866 - 1870:Ludwig plumb bob ago, mayors
- 1870 - 1878: Heinrich Raussmüller, mayor
- 1878 - 1890: Paul Bentel, mayor
- 1890 - 1894: Heinrich Schmelcher, mayor
- 1894 - 1903: Philipp Vielhauer, mayor
- 1903 - 1933: Albert Wirth, mayor
- 1933 - 1937: Karl Doll, mayor
- 1937 - 1945: Karl Zutavern, mayor
- 1945 - 1948: Jakob Dörr, mayor
- 1948 - 1966: Karl Thomä, mayor
- 1966 - 1980: Ruediger Peuckert, mayor
- 1980 - 2004: Erich Pretz, mayor starting from 1. January of 2002 mayors
- 2004 - today: Klaus Holaschke, mayor
coat of arms
the coat of arms of the city Eppingen shows a red diagonal bar in split sign in front in gold, in the back in black a red reinforced and red bezungten golden eagle. The city flag is red yellow.
The diagonal bar, the symbol of the country bathing, already is into thatSeals of 1454 demonstrably and was to in 19. Century despite affiliation to the Kurpfalz the exclusive coat of arms. For distinction however the eagle was taken up as symbol of the former realm village Eppingen to the coat of arms. This coat of arms became the city Eppingen to 14. February 1958 together withlent to the city flag.
partnerships between cities
culture and objects of interest
Eppingen lie at the southernmost nine routes the German framework route,many objects of interest leads past.
the national stage of Baden Bruchsal organizes regularly once in the month an appearance in the town hall. The Babuschka theatre and ( in the quarter Elsenz) the Papata puppet Varieté theatre reside locally.
The old person university accommodates today the city and framework museum. It has branch offices in Mühlbach (Steinhauermuseum) and smelling (farmer museum). In the Raussmühle a private volkskundliche collection is shown. Emphasis of the collection are people magic and people faith.
of the Pfeifferturm from that 13. Centuryis considered as landmark of the city. The old person university, built in the year 1494/95 in styles of a latemedieval department store accommodated once the University of Heidelberg. The Baumann house was established in the year 1582. It is considered as the most beautiful and most important community centre between the Black Forest and the desert forest.The moreover one there are still many received half timbered houses, which coin/shape the romantic old part of town Eppingens.
the local soccer association VfB Eppingen made the city to 26. October 1974 country widely admits. In the 1. Playing amateur league north bathing, he struck the table leader at that time of the soccer federal league, that Hamburg sports association, in the DFB cup surprisingly with 2:1. In the season 1980/81 the club played one year in the 2. Federal league south.
half ones after five - topic-referred guidance over Eppingen and its history. Beginning at 17.30 o'clock, duration approx. 90 minutes. A joint initiative of the homeland friends Eppingen, the brewery Palmbräu, the landlord combination, the handels and tradesman's union as well as the city Eppingen.
In July finds all twoYears the old part of town celebration instead of. Every 10 years (last in the year 2000) take place the Eppinger homeland days. They were for the first time held 1938.
Since 1992 annually the concert in the quarry spell wood in Eppingen Kleingartach (“quarry concert”) takes place in July. It is organized by Rosmarie because andthe flute circle of the new school of music Eppingen.
At the beginning of of Decembers is held since 1985 annually a Weihnachtsmarkt.
economics and infrastructure
the local part smallrefine oh is a viticulture place in the Weinbaugebiet Württemberg, whose situations belong to the large situation of Heuchelberg in the range Württembergisch Unterland.
Eppingen can be attained by means of the federal motorway 6 Mannheim Heilbronn (connection points Sinsheim Steinsfurt and bath Rappenau). Furthermore B 293 Karlsruhe Heilbronn lead by the city. It leads around however in the meantime as by-pass road around the town center.
The public local passenger traffic serves above allat the 1. June 1997 opened metropolitan railway line S4 Karlsruhe Bretten Eppingen on the Kraichgaubahn, with the stops Eppingen west and station. To 26. September 1999 was extended the line up to the main station Heilbronn and 2004 into the Heilbronners city center. An extension until Öhringen became inDecember 2005 opens. Up to the station Eppingen leads also a branch line of the Elsenztalbahn coming from Sinsheim, on which the regional course 75 operates. This is to be integrated until 2009 into the rapid-transit railway RheinNeckar. In the metropolitan railway S4 the tariffs Heilbronners of the Hohenloher Haller of suburban traffic apply(H3NV) and the Karlsruher of traffic group (KVV). The regional course drives to the tariff of the traffic group Rhine Neckar. The Eppinger of quarters is opened by a bus linear network.
over the local happening in Eppingen the daily paper reports „to Kraichgau voice “, those in the publishing house of the „Heilbronner voice “appears. Vorgängerin „of the Kraichgau voice “was „the Eppinger newspaper “.
Beyond that the Rhine Neckar newspaper ( RNZ) made of Heidelberg with restaurant editorship in Sinsheim reports in detail on the local happening in Eppingen and in the Kraichgau.
authorities and mechanisms
Eppingen has High School, a six-form high school, a reason and a hauptschule with work six-form high school and a further primary school in the town center (primary school in the red) as well as in the quarter Elsenz a promotion school (Kraichgauschule). Further primary schoolsthere is Mühlbach, a smelling (castle mountain school) and tubing brook in the quarters aristocracy yards, Elsenz, smallrefine oh.
The private Christian Heinrich Zeller school for educating assistance small TACago of the registered association. as well as the Arnold Dannenmann - academy, Institut for education and training programmes of the Christian youth village work of Germany with a technical school for Sozialpädagogik round the school offer inEppingen off.
The theological seminar in the quarter aristocracy yards offers a master study in practical theology on (fan: Structure of municipality and municipality line, Verkündigung and service, religion and Gemeindepädagogik and Seelsorge and consultation). Renowned theologians and practical man e.g. are. Minister Armin count, Eppingen, Professor. Dr. Christian Möller at thatRuprecht Karl University of Heidelberg, Professor. Dr. Manfred Seitz at the University of attaining Nuremberg, PD Dr. theol. having IL Peter Zimmerling at the Universities of Mannheim and Heidelberg, Dr. Siegfried Bäuerle at the educational university and University of Karlsruhe and Dr. Oskar Föller, director/conductor of the theological seminar aristocracy yards. Single courses can ofinterested church coworkers to be visited.
The public library Eppingen has an existence of 18.000 media.
beside it assigns the city at persons, who made themselves earned around Eppingen, in irregular distances “coat of arms plates”.
sons and daughters of the city
- 15. Century, Hartmannus Hartmanni, † 3. July 1547 in Heidelberg, GermanPhilosopher and kurpfälzischer chancellor.
- 1889, 9. August, Anton Fränznick, † 27. January 1944 in the KZ DAK-strike, Roman-catholic priest, LV victim.
- 1955, 1. July, Rosemarie Wenner, Bischöfin of the Evangelist methodistischen church for Germany.
- city book of Baden; Volume IV2. Volume from “German city book. Manual of urban history - on behalf of the working group of the historical commissions and with support of the German city daily, the German standard ware and the German municipality daily, hrsg. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart, 1959
- framework city Eppingen, a Rundgang by the framework city, short historyEppingens, the framework construction and description of the salient buildings and boroughs. Numerous color photos. First edition 1993, second edition 1997. Given change of the city and framework museum “old person university” in Eppingen. Publishing house old person University of Eppingen.
Web on the left of
- further left to the topic „Eppingen “ in the open directory Project
- private one Portal side over Eppingen
- history of the Judentums in Eppingen and environment
- homepage of the homeland friends Eppingen e.V - Eppinger historical association (with virtual Rundgang by the Eppinger old part of town and many information and pictures to Eppingen and its history)
Abstatt | Bath Friedrichshall | Bath Rappenau | Bath Wimpfen | Hatchet stone | Brackenheim | Cleebronn | Eberstadt | Ellhofen | Eppingen | Erlenbach | Flein | Gemmingen | Güglingen | Gundelsheim | Hardthausen at the digester | ILS field | Ittlingen | Hunt-live | Kirchardt | Long board oh | Lauffen at the Neckar | Teaching stone field | Flax garden | Lion stone | Mass-brook-live | Möckmühl | Neckarsulm | Neckarwestheim | Neudenau | New city at the digester | North home | Obersulm | Oedheim | Offenau | Pfaff yards | Roigheim | Schwaigern | Seal brook | Valley home | Untereisesheim | Sub-group brook | Wine mountain | Widdern | Desert-red | Zaberfeld