Ercole II. d'Este

Ercole II. d'Este (* 4. April 1508 in Ferrara, † 3. October 1559 daselbst) was the oldest son of the Alfonso I. d'Este, duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio, and the Lucrezia Borgia. It followed its father as a duke to 31. October 1534.

He married to 28. June 1528 Renée de France (* 25. October 1510, † 12. June 1575), daughter of the king Ludwig XII. by France and the Anna of Brittany. Its wife was follower of the reformatorischen teachings, so that the yard in Ferrara became the collecting and vanishing point religiously pursuing from Central Europe. 1536 came Calvin to Ferrara.

Renées turn to protest anti-mash led to the break with Ercole II, which saw its reconciliation politics, particularly toward the Pope, endangered. 1554 it let its wife in the Palazzo Estense ( Pareschi) place therefore under house arrest. Further steps in its peace efforts were 1556 an alliance contract with France and 1558 a peace treaty with Spain.

Ercole II. and Renée had five children:

  1. Anna d'Este (* 16. November 1531, † 17. May 1607) ∞ 1) 4. December 1548 François de Lorraine, duc de Guise (1519-1563) ∞ 2) 29. April the 1566 Jakobs von Savoyen, Herzog von Nemours (1531-1585)
  2. Alfonso II. d'Este (1533-1597) duke 1559 ∞ 1) 1558 Lucrezia de' Medici (1545-1562) daughter Grand Duke of the Cosimo I. of Toskana, ∞ 2) 1565 Barbara of Austria (1539-1572) daughter of the emperor Ferdinand I., ∞ 3) 1579 Eleonora Gonzaga (1564-1618) daughter of the duke Guglielmo Gonzaga of Mantua
  3. Lucrezia d'Este (* 16. December 1535, † 12. February 1598) ∞ 18. January 1570 Francesco Maria II. della Rovere (1549-1631) duke of Urbino
  4. Eleonora d'Este (* 19. June 1537, † 19. August 1581)
  5. Luigi d'Este (* 21. December 1538, † 30. December 1586), cardinal 1561



 

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