Erich Priebke (* 29. July 1913 in Berlin) was in the Second World War as SS - officer at the shooting with the ardeatinischen caves takes part and serves since 1998 a lifelong detention as condemned war criminals.
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Priebke is learned hotel specialist and worked until 1935 in different hotels in Europe. 1936 it returned to Germany and worked for the Gestapo of the Nazis as an interpreter for Italian. Soon it was verbeamtet and transferred in the Kriminaldienst of the Gestapo, where it was responsible for the contact to other police services, particularly with fascist Italy.
Starting from February 1941 Priebke worked on the German message in Rome as a liaison officer to the Italian police. To the fall Mussolinis changed the fronts for Italy and placed themselves on the side of the allied ones. As retaliation for a partisan assassination attempt of the communists under Rosario Bentivegna on German soldiers in the via Rasella to 23. March 1944 - an ignited bomb killed 33 soldiers as well as a number of indifferent Italians as a Passanten - was instructed to the German units stationed in Rome shortly thereafter as retaliatory measure German killed of Berlin shooting of hostages in the relationship of 10 hostages per. In the ardeatinischen caves, a quarry area close Rome, 24 became to. March 1944 at the request of the Germans of 330 hostages by the Italian Kommandantur 335 civilians for immediate shooting transfers. One of the officers involved was Erich Priebke. After shooting the hostage in pentads stated Priebke that five civilians had been than intended shot more. For the end of war Priebke served 1945 last in the rank of a SS-Hauptsturmführers.
Priebke lived 20 months after the war in English war shank on Italian soil. After its escape from the camp in Rimini he lived first undisturbed at his family in Sterzing /Vipiteno by October 1948. Afterwards Priebke under its genuine name and with valid Argentine papers in Bariloche in Argentina lived, became there director/conductor of the right-extremist angehauchten Germans school and enjoyed high reputation in the “German municipality” and the native ones. Its past was well-known there humans, but even in the German message silence was retained over it. After resumption of the GermanArgentine relations 1952 it could be registered for the German passport and it to receive. 1993 placed German investigators a distribution request; Priebke was placed in Argentina on it under house arrest. 1995 it was transferred to Italy and acquitted there by a military court yard in Rome first. Later it had again before court. This time a measure of punishment was imposed by 15 years. Due to amnesty laws the punishment was then reduced by ten years and the remand was taken into account at the same time. In the spring 1998 Erich Priebke was then condemned by a military industrial tribunal in Rome to life imprisonment. Due to its fastened state of health Priebke serves the detention in house arrest. A revision negotiation is not to be foreseen so far yet.
Priebkes defenders pleaded in its name for acting due to necessity to obey orders, which its prosecutors denied. Also Priebkes high age and its bad state of health are stated of critics of the procedure as reason for a possible pardon or amnesty.
- Priebke, Erich and. Paolo Giachini. Autobiography: „Vae victis “. Rome: Associazione Uomo e Libertà, 2003.
Web on the left of
- lexikon.idgr.de/ IDGR encyclopedia right-wing extremism over Erich Priebke
- www.juedische.at/ the kind of hitting a corner thinks of a Nazi war criminal (01/2005)
| | * Literature of and over Erich Priebke in the catalog of the DDB
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||SS - officer in the Second World War|
|DATE OF BIRTH||29. July 1913|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|