of these articles treats the nutrition generally senses; for the biological meaning see nutrition (ecology).
This article overlaps thematically with [[food, food]] {{#if: | and [[{{{3}}}]]}} {{#if: | and [[{{{4}}}]]}}. Help to define the articles better from each other orto combine. You find a guidance for the use of the collecting main and a list of the past multiple entries under Wikipedia: Article to the same topic. There please expresses you, before you remove the component. --See also Lö 08:45, 9. May 2005 (CEST)

nutrition is a basis for the life support of each organism. For humans it steers its physical, mental , psychological and social well-being in substantial courses. Conscious handling food and drinking is a dimension of the human culture and everything Religions (see also nourishing sociology).


under human nutrition one understands the supply about humans with food in the form of food and luxuries. The admission of the food is done via the oral supply the life of helpful materials in the form of Meals and beverages.

Raw, cooked or differently prepared , fresh or conserved food serves the human nutrition. With the study of the nutrition the nourishing science is concerned (see also Ökotrophologie). Malfunctionings of food intake are called nourishing disturbances.

Onehigh-quality nutrition is a substantial condition for the health of humans. The physical health can be damaged or destroyed by the admission of inferior or harmful food lastingly. Thereby a large part of the health problems of the population develops. Follow a wrongOften only decades show up nutrition later.

To table of contents

nourishing forms

it gives onedifficult-to-understand multiplicity of opinions, theories and theories over the structure of a good nutrition, for example the theories of the regular value nutrition, the raw food teachings, the nutrition after the five elements from the traditional Chinese medicine, the Ayurveda - teachings, macro bio TIC(Nourishing science from the perspective of Yin and Yang), the separation food - teachings, the stone time nutrition and many more.

Increasingly also work the nourishing, Pharma and food auxiliary central industry in the spreading of nourishing rules.

The German society for nutrition formulated 10 rules, thoseto help are to eat benefitful and healthy receiving.

nutrition in the human evolution

the question about a “natural” human nutrition was article vehement debates again and again. Particularly the question about the nourishing way Urmen or Vormengive again and again cause for speculations. During some convinced Veganer/vegetarian of pure plant food with Urmen proceed, this from representatives of one omni or carnivoren nourishing way denied. At the largest group of the before-human Hominiden - which Australopithecinen - goesone from an predominantly vegetable food, since this kind did not have yet the necessary manual fate for meat preparation (e.g. Skins /Zerteilen of an animal waste). In the group of transitions for kind Homo, the Homo Habilis, developed representatives of this Hominiden kindthen this fate. So the so-called Habilinen of parts from a Kadaver could use as for instance the nutritious marrow. In the advancement to the Homo erectus the brain volume of humans continued to increase always. Many scientists go from the increased value animalProteins in this phase out. However it must be stressed with the fact that the East Africa niches savannahs with their specific vegetation could not offer adequate plant food to humans. Grasses and hard roots outweighed. Grasses about cannot used by the human organism in principlebecome. Hard root food could be used only by the Australopithecinen sub-group Paranthropus robustus. This vegetarian nourishing Hominide was characterised by strong dentures. Since the representatives of the Homo kind had against it only small dentures, this food offer did not comein question. At the latest before 500,000 years clear human hunt activities and thus a constantly growing meat portion in the nutrition are occupied in Europe by finds by weapon remainders. By heating up and refined forms of the food preparation as well as by agriculture plants became again intheir value revalued. In principle cannot be spoken today of a only one “natural” nourishing way of humans. The advantages of humans are straight in the uncertainty of his nutrition. Thus the Homo Sapiens could adapt to each ecological system of the earth. Duringthe Evenki in Siberia or the Inuit - just as also the Neandertaler - predominantly fleischlich nourishes itself, lives the peoples on the Anden primarily on vegetable food. Furthermore a sufficient plant food is for the human organism importantly, thereit contrary to the organisms of pure carnivores such as lion, tigers, wolves, etc. automatically no Vitamin C to synthesize can.

there are medical special forms

of the nutrition in the medicine different special forms of the nutrition:

  • Enterale nutrition = nutritionover the intestine
    • normal one oral nutrition
    • probe nutrition
    • PEG probe = P erkutane e ndoskopische G astrostmie
  • parenteral nutrition = nutrition at the intestine past
    • intravenous nutrition
      • by continuous dripping infusion, z. B. of protein solutions (amino acid mixtures), coal hydrates (glucose in ring release or physiological saline solution), fatsand Vitaminen.
    • Subcutantherapie
  • germ-free nutrition with patients with heavy defense weakness Immunsuppression (on germ-free station).
  • artificial nutrition
  • nutrition without the assistance of the patient by means of probe or as parenteral nutrition z. B. during consciousness disturbance.
  • passed nutrition = cut up nutrition, for chewing problems, sip difficulties(Dysphagie, Achalasie) or stomach problems
  • of “astronaut food” = to achieve around as small a chair course frequency as possible calorie-reduced nutrition with predominance structure food
  • with malnutrition [ work on
  • ] of problems with
the nutrition generally

one knows easily absorbable

food without ballast materialsthree forms of wrong nutrition differentiate. With all it comes to impairments of the physical functions, z. B. the organs, the immune system, the movement apparatus, the skin and the growth of children. One differentiates:

work on []


  • Claus Leitzmann: World nutrition at the beginning 21. Century: The global nourishing situation. Biology in our time 31 (6), S. 408 - 416 (2001), ISSN 0045-205X
  • Utz Thimm, Karl-Heinz waving man: In all mouth. Nutrition today.Suhrkamp publishing house (stw 3602), Frankfurtat the Main 2004, ISBN 3-518-45602-4
  • Utz Thimm, Karl-Heinz waving man: Meal is human. To the food culture of the present. Suhrkamp publishing house (stw 3533), Frankfurt/Main 2003, ISBN 3-518-45533-8
  • A. Cock, A. Ströhle, Maike Wolters: Nutrition - physiological bases, prevention, therapy, scientific one Publishing house company ltd., Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-8047-2092-7
  • of Thomas's Spengler: Health by vital materials, self publishing house, 2004, ISBN 3-0001-2604-X
  • Erika finch: Nutrition and Diätetik for the smock bag. Scientific publishing house company ltd., Stuttgart, ISBN 3-8047-1933-3

see also

Wikiquote: Nutrition - quotations

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