Ernst Barlach

Der Bettler - Bronzeguss einer Statue von Ernst Barlach im Kloster-Innenhof des Ratzeburger Doms
of the beggars - bronze casting of a statue by Ernst Barlach in the monastery inner court of the Ratzeburger of cathedral

Ernst Barlach (* 2. January 1870 in whisk, Holstein, † 24. October 1938 in Rostock) was a German sculptor, writer and draughtsmen.

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lives

already in in former times childhood bar salmon gift for linguistic and bildnerische organization one promoted.It received training as painter and a sculptor, studied at the academies of arts in Dresden with Robert Diez and in Paris and was starting from 1909 scholarship holder in Florenz in the mansion Romana.

After the art study in Hamburg, Dresden and Paris worked bar-laughs starting from 1897 first as free lance artists. 1906 it undertook a journey to Russia; he found there the looked for originalness. In the future it created blockful closed figures.

Starting from 1910 lived bar-laugh in Güstrow (Mecklenburg).Here he let build a studio and a house at the island lake after his needs, which can be visited and in a majority of its works are issued.

"Mutter Erde" im Park der Gertrudenkapelle
“Nut/mother earth” in the park of the Gertrudenkapelle

already bar salmon early work set themselves as wellhumans, its living conditions and its attitudes to the life apart. Particularly it concerned itself after its summoning 1915 to the land tower with the experience “war”. Starting from 1910 it took Secession, the special federation regularly at exhibitions of the citizens of Berlin and with the art collecting tank Paul Cassirer in Berlin part. For this time its domicile was Güstrow. Here also its Hauptwerk developed. 1925 it became honour member of the academy of the forming arts Munich.

In short distances its dramas develop “the dead day” 1912, “the poorCousins " 1918, “the genuine Sedemunds” 1920, “the Findling” 1922, “the Sündflut” 1924, “the blue Boell” 1926 and 1927 he on the drama “the count von Ratzeburg works”.

1909 were lent to it the mansion Romana price. 1924 the bran sp price.

As a sculptor it createdHonouring and memorials, after 1933 removes and/or. were destroyed and renewed after 1945 again, e.g.The floating angel in the cathedral of Güstrow. The spirit fighter in Kiel and a group of figures in the farm servant citizen cathedral were again set up. Bar-laugh was also well-knownfor its wood plastics and bronze, in addition he left a multiform pressure-graphic, graphic and literary work.

1922 were inaugurated in Kiel the first honour mark “hurting nut/mother”. The honour mark “the floating” for the pleasures in the Güstrower cathedral developed 1927. Already one yearlater (1928) one set up before the Kieler university church of the “spirit fighters”. 1929 followed the honour mark in the farm servant citizen cathedral, 1931 that Hamburg honour marks. The draft of a Pieta for Stralsund came 1932 because of meeting with hostility from fascist circles no longer toCompletion. Bar-laugh approximately kindled character assassination campaign led 1934 to the Magazinierung farm servant citizens of the honour mark, 1937 for the distance of the Kieler of “spirit fighter” and the Güstrower of honour mark, which was melted. 1938 followed the distance Hamburg honour marks and the forced withdrawal from the Prussian one Academy of the arts. More as 400 of its works were removed than “degenerate art “from public collections, and the realm chamber of the forming arts it occupies 1937 with an exhibition prohibition.

Gertrudenkapelle in Güstrow
Gertrudenkapelle in Güstrow
Geistkämpfer an der Nikolaikirche in Kiel
spirit fighter to the Nikolaikirche in Kiel

A majority of its works is today in Güstrow - in its studio at the island lake, in which Gertrudenkapelle and in the Güstrower cathedral, for which from the secondary casting of the floating in the Cologne Antoniterkirche new casting was removed -, into thatMuseums of the seriousness bar laughter company in Ratzeburg and whisks as well as in the seriousness bar laughter house in Hamburg.

At the age of 68 years it succumbs to 24. October 1938 in the rust ochers pc. - George hospital a cardiac infarct. He was buried in Ratzeburg.

1949 became its house and studiowith Güstrow converted into a seriousness bar laughter museum.

works

in the forming art

  • 1908, sitting woman, Nuremberg, Germanic national museum, Pl 3048, 1689 (loan from private property), fir wood, 20.5 x 17.2 x 10 cm
  • 1928, thatsinging man, Nuremberg, Germanic national museum, Pl 3188, 1689 (loan of the city Nuremberg), bronze, 50 x 47 x 42 cm
  • 1927, Güstrower honour mark, cathedral of Güstrow, the floating angel
  • 1928, the spirit fighter, Kiel
  • 1929, farm servant citizen honour mark, farm servant citizenCathedral, group of figures
  • of 1930, Mrs. in the wind, beggar, singing monastery pupil from the Fries community of the holy ones, at the west work of the Lübecker Katharinenkirche
  • 1934, the Wanderer in the wind - with this plastics it was directed against the national socialism
  • 1936, the book reader,Schwerin, Staatl. Museum, bronze

in the literature

  • 1906, “Russian diary” (autobiography)
  • 1912, “the dead day” (drama)
  • 1917, “Güstrower diary” (autobiography)
  • 1918, “the poor cousin” (drama)
  • 1920, “the genuine Sedemunds” (drama)
  • 1922, “the Findling” (drama)
  • 1924, “the Sündflut”(Drama)
  • 1926, “the blue Boell” (drama)
  • 1928, “a told life” (autobiography)
  • 1929, “the good time” (drama)
  • 1948, “the stolen moon” (novel, posthum)
  • 1948, “sea-bacon” (novel, posthum)
  • 1951, “the count von Ratzeburg” (drama, posthum)

literature

of essays

  • encyclopedia thatArt, Bd.1 (1987), S.404-406
  • Ursula Peter: Modern times. The collection to 20. Century in co-operation with Andrea Legde, Nuremberg 2000 (culture-historical walks in the Germanic national museum, Bd.3), S.81-83

Monographien

  • Brigitte Birnbaum: Ernst Barlach - approximations. Demmler publishing house, Schwerin1996, ISBN 3-910150-32-2
  • Ditte Clemens: Marga Böhmer, bar salmon life companion. Demmler publishing house, Schwerin 1996, ISBN 3-910150-35-7
  • Jürgen Doppelstein (Hrsg.): Bar-laugh and Goethe (exhibition catalog). Sailor, Leipzig 1997, ISBN 3-363-00665-9
  • Franz Fühmann: Bar-laugh in Güstrow. Reclam Leipzig 1993, ISBN 3-379-00277-1
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Poems. With stone designs by Ernst Barlach. Edition Leipzig, Leipzig 1978
  • Naomi J. Groves: Ernst Barlach, Leben in the work. Plastics, designs and graphics, dramas, Prosawerke and letters (selection). Langewie publishing house, Königstein/T. 1972, ISBN 3-7845-4150-X
  • Elmar Jansen (Hrsg.):Ernst Barlach museums. Güstrow, Ratzeburg, Hamburg, whisk. E. A. Sailor, Leipzig 1998, ISBN 3-363-00682-9
  • Elizabeth Laur: Ernst Barlach, pressure graphics (list of works 1). Sailor, Leipzig 2001, ISBN 3-363-001713-2
  • Wolfgang Maier Preusker: Ernst Barlach (1870-1938). Biographic notes andDocumentation of the woodcuts to the drama “the Findling” of 1922. Self publishing house, Vienna 2003
  • Curd Ochwadt (Hrsg.): Ernst Barlach, Hugo Körtzinger and Hermann Reemtsma, exchange of letters. A contribution to the biography of the last Lebensjahre Ernst Barlachs with 30 unpublished letters bar salmon.Hejo publishing house, Hanover 1988, ISBN 3-924212-02-3
  • Peter Paret: An artist in the third realm. Ernst Barlach 1933-1938. Wjs publishing house, Berlin, 2006, ISBN 3-937989-15-3
  • Friedrich Schult: Bar-laugh in the discussion. Island publishing house, Leipzig 1989, ISBN 3-7351-0081-3

barking trichloroethylene TIC

see also

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