Ernst Busch (GFM)
Ernst Busch (* 6. July 1885 in Steele with meals; † 17. July 1945 in Aldershot, Nottinghamshire, England) was a German army officer (since 1943 general field marshal) and during the Second World War army and army group commander.
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shrubs stepped in the year 1904 into the infantry regiment No. 13 (Münster in Westphalia), in which it was promoted in the following year to second lieutenant. In the year 1908 shrubs became the infantry regiment No. 57 (Wesel) shifts, in which he did up to the year 1913 service. The appointment as the first lieutenant and a transfer followed to the war school in Kassel, where it was used as inspection officer.
the First World War
with outbreak of the 1. World war became shrubs a company commander in the infantry regiment No. 56. In the year 1915 it was promoted to captain and used in the course of the yearly 1916 as battalion commander. Due to its military successes with the fights in the Champagne shrubs were distinguished with the medal Pour le Mérite.
after the armistice remained to shrubs in the army and became a company commander in the infantry regiment No. 18. Subsequently, he came to the staff of the 6. Infantry division in Münster. In the year 1925 shrubs were appointed the major and shifted in the following year the staff of the realm military's group command I. Afterwards it came to the inspection of the traffic troops. In the year 1928 shrubs became then 2. Infantry division after Stettin shifts, where it was used as Ia in the division staff.
At the 1. February 1930 took place Buschs transport to the lieutenant colonel and the appointment as the battalion commander in the infantry regiment 9. In the year 1932 shrubs became finally commander of the infantry regiment 9 and at the 1. October 1932 followed the appointment as the Colonel.
At the 1. September 1935 became shrubs at the same time the major general and the commander of the 23. Infantry division appointed. At the 1. October 1937 took place the transport to the lieutenant general and in February 1938 it to the general of the infantry was carried and as Kommandierender general VIII. Army corps in Schlesien uses.
the Second World War
after shrubs with its VIII. Army corps had participated in the Poland campaign, received it afterwards the supreme command over the 16. Army and was used in this function with its army in the west campaign. To 19. July 1940 took place Buschs appointment as the colonel general.
With beginning of the Russia campaign were shrubs with the 16. Army used in the federation of the army group north. At the 1. February 1943 was appointed shrubs the general field marshal and in the October of the same yearly got it the supreme command over the army group center.
The Soviet spring offensive of the yearly 1944 could bring shrubs with its army group still to a halt. The Soviet summer offensive led with far superior forces, those at the third anniversary of the German attack to 22. June 1944 began, the army group however had not grown, and on the second day of the offensive the front line already tore up. , The rigid command giving given by Hitler corresponded not the catastrophic situation and led to the fall of the army group. In consequence of these events shrubs were replaced as a commander in chief to dismiss and by general field marshal Walter Model.
Only in March 1945 shrubs were used again as a commander in chief northwest, and in this position shrubs capitulated to 7. May 1945 before the British field marshal Bernard Montgomery in the Lüneburger heath. After its capture shrubs were brought to Nottinghamshire to England and in the camp Aldershot in the county interned there. There he deceased to 17. July of the same yearly at angina Pectoris.
- medal for memory of the 1. October 1938 with clip „Prager castle “
- medal winter battle in the east 1941/42
- four times denomination in the armed forces report
- honour cross for front fighter
- wounding badge (1918) in silver
- iron cross (1914) 2. and 1. Class
- iron cross (1939) 2. and 1. Class
- knight cross of the royal house medal of Hohenzollern with swords
- Pour le Mérite
- knight cross of the iron cross with oak leaves
Web on the left of
Werner von Blomberg | Hermann Göring | Roll ago of Brauchitsch | Albert Kesselring | William Keitel | Günther of intelligent ones | William knight of Leeb | Fedor of support | William cunning | Erwin of joke lives | Walter von Reichenau | Erhard milk | Hugo Sperrle | Gerd of Rundstedt | Erwin Rommel | George von Küchler | Erich von Manstein | Friedrich Paulus | Ewald von Kleist | Maximilian of Weichs | Ernst Busch | Tungsten baron von Richthofen | Walter Model | Ferdinand Schörner | Robert knight of dirt | Eduard baron von Böhm Ermolli (honour for the sake of)
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||German officer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||6. July 1885|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Steele with meal|
|DYING DATE||17. July 1945|
|DYING PLACE||Aldershot/Nottinghamshire, England|