Table of contents
Ernst Heinkel busy itself already promptly with thatat that time still recent Fliegerei. First however its career began practical course in an ore foundry with mechanical engineering -. As a student he experienced the Zeppelinunglück of 5. August 1908 in genuine things with Stuttgart. For it it became at that time clear that the future of aviation existed in the aircraft construction. Afterthe misfortune busy it itself with the building of the aircraft construction which is into Germany in the child shoes.1909 it visited the first international in Frankfurt/Main flight-looks in Germany. Already in the year after he built his first own airplane after the plan collecting mains of Henri Farman. Innumerable flight tests followed on the Cannstatter Wasen, which he paid nearly with his life.
- To 19. July 1911 fell Heinkel from 40 meters height over Untertürkheim and hurt themselves heavily.
stillbefore the First World War it was adjusted at the air transport company (LVG) as an engineer and built there numerous airplanes in accordance with the farm on style. Then it went to the Albatros aircraft plants where it being first own airplane, which Albatros B-II, developed a reconnaissance aircraft. During entire firstWorld war was used this type of aircraft.1914 went Ernst Heinkel as a director of work to the Hansa Brandenburg aircraft plants, for which he sketched among other things some water airplanes. By the editions of the Versailler of contract first no aircraft construction was more possible for Heinkel. It based in its place of residence green brook firsta small workshop in which it Milittärfahrzeuge reequipped. Around 1920 Heinkel for the Caspar works in Travemünde designed some advancements its Hansa Brandenburg machines. Those became starting from 1921 from the Svenska aero in Lidingö under cooperation of Carl Clemens Bücker, the founder of the later Bücker aircraft construction installs.
Ernst Heinkel in Rostock Warnemünde his own enterprise, Ernst Heinkel aircraft plants created 1933 the Heinkel of aircraft plants. Due to the heavy war editions after the loss of the First World War like it inthe Versailler contracts , were allowed Germany however only much cause own airplanes were described to build. This led to it that Ernst Heinkel umschaute itself after foreign partners and sponsors, for which it airplanes sketched, which could be built then again under license abroad. Such a partnerhe found in the imperial Japanese war navy, for which Heinkel let catapult-launched water airplanes - license-been based - in Sweden build with Svenska aero OFF. In Germany its catapult water airplanes were installed however only in the civilian navigation as Postflugzeuge on the large passenger liners.
the Heinkel of aircraft plants began 1945 with the seizure of power of Hitler 1933 again with the development increased by own airplanes, particularly for the Air Force. Among the bekannsten types ranked the HE 111, twin-engine originally than airliner planned bombers,in the first years of the war in large number of items was used.
1937 are appointed Ernst Heinkel the military industrial leader.
Beyond that Ernst Heinkel was possessed by the idea of high-speed airplanes. Therefore it donated who ago from brown some its airplanes, thus from brown at theseits new rocket propulsion to test knew. 1938 were tested with the He 176 the first rocket plane of the world operated with Flüssigtreibstoff. In Hans's von Ohain Heinkel found however the correct vision acre, because they divided both the same passion. Heinkel placed of Ohain as a chief engineer in itsWorks on and this developed with its team the Heinkel HeS 3, first jet engine of the world. To 27. August 1939 started the first jet, the He 178 from the Heinkel aircraft plants on the airport Rostock Marienehe.
1938 became Ernst Heinkel beside Ferdinand Porsche and Fritz Todt with that 1937 of Adolf Hitler again donated German national price for art and science excellently, which it divided with Willy Messerschmitt to the half (50,000 realm Marks).
With its company politics Heinkel, the type of its own inventor entrepreneur, turned out but ever moreunder the influence of national penetration and had to finally bend itself a financial consolidation given by the arms authority, which 1943 in the establishment „Ernst Heinkel AG “(EHAG) settled. Reason for it was that starting from 1942 it became obvious that itself the airplane pioneer with itsEnterprise strategy had taken over to akquirieren always new works and fields of activity. Of Heinkel still afterwards as positively emphasized „Heinkel speed “finally as badly coordinated and hardly proved concentrated development policy, whose constant exceeding of the date were not to be kaschieren with the manufacturing with improvisations any longer longer. Withthe construction of the AG Heinkels direct influence on its enterprises, with approximately 50,000 coworkers, forced laborers and KZ-prisoners was predominantly stopped, for the time being. It kept two thirds of the company capital, had however with the post of a supervisory board chairman to be content.
A majority of the Heinkel works was destroyed 1945 and/or.demontiert del und del enteignet.
The “promotion circle air and space travel Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania registered association” in Rostock dedicates its activities among other things since 1993 aviation history (search, restoration, receipt of articles and documents).
Ernst Heinkel are arrested 1948 and first as “Mitläufer”the LV regime, in the appointment procedure however, due to its proximity to the resistance circle of Canaris before end of war, as “relief” the allied ones classified.
1950 began the new beginning of the Heinkel works in Stuttgart with the production of engines. Starting from 1953 scooters were built. This “Heinkel tourist “baptized scooter with four-stroke engine and in oil running Kettenantrieb became fast because of their robustness famous. 1955 extended the Heinkel works the assortment by cab scooters. Starting from 1958 the Heinkel works returned to Speyer with the renewed airplane development under the name Ernst Heinkel Construction of vehicles to your roots. ThoseCompany came up 1964 in the united aerotechnical works GmbH (VFW) - Fokker GmbH , which firmiert today under Pfalz aircraft plants GmbH.
- it received honors together with Willy Messerschmitt the German national price for art and science
- Ernst Heinkel became the honour citizen of the municipality Rem waste dumps appointed.
- stormy life. Heinkel Biografie, out against of Jürgen Thorwald. Stuttgart: Mouth US publishing house 1953.
- Heinkel, Ernst: My airplanes in the largeGerman liberty fight. Berlin: Wiking publishing house 2.1941.
- History of air and space travel in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Dr. Peter Schubert, Verlag Redieck & harms GmbH in Rostock
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and over Ernst Heinkel in the catalog of the DDB
- museum Olgastift the exhibition is closed since 2003 and presumably 2007 opens again again
- German museum
- of Pfalz aircraft plants
- promotion circle air and space travel Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania registered association.
|NAME||Heinkel, Ernst Heinrich|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||German engineer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||24. January 1888|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||rem waste dump green brook|
|DYING DATE||30. January 1958|