Ernst Kaltenbrunner (* 4. October 1903 in Ried in the Innkreis, upper Austria; † 16. October 1946 in Nuremberg) was an attained a doctorate lawyer, who had made political career in the police and security agency apparatus in the time of the national socialism. It became by that Nürnberger war crimes trial 1946 for guiltily in the sense of the accusation found, to death condemns and executed.
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before end of war
Ernst Kaltenbrunner became 1903 in Ried in the Innkreis as a son of the attorneyHugo Kaltenbrunner and its Mrs. Therese born. After youth in Raab and Linz he took up law studies , which he 1926 with the reaching of the Dr. to Graz. jur. terminated. During its study time it engaged itself in the German national adjusted Burschenschaft Arminia. Followingthe study was integrated Kaltenbrunner not into a civil life, but participated in paramilitärischen groups like the Austrian preservation of regional tradition. There these however it changed 1930 for Kaltenbrunners political principal purpose, which operated connection of Austria to the German Reich, not sufficiently, to the NSDAP and stepped 1931 the SS . Here it made itself as a defender of arrested party members a name rapid. Also it functioned during the time before the connection of Austria to the German Reich as a message man Himmlers. Kaltenbrunner supplied the realm leader SS with information for political situation in Austria. 1934 he married Elizabeth Eder.
In the driving water Austrian LV - functionary Arthur Seyss Inquart succeeded to it the rapid ascent into the Führungsriege of the Austrian party wing. Seyss Inquart publicised a policy of the quiet dissolution of the state contrary to other high-ranking Austrian Nazi leaders. This stood in the glaringContrast to the brutal frontal methods of the remaining LV point in Austria, which harmed the reputation of the party in Hitler's eyes abroad. To 13. August 1938, after the connection of Austria to the German Reich, was appointed Kaltenbrunner the “undersecretary of state for the safety organization”. To 11. September 1938 made it for Heinrich Himmler the higher SS and police leader Danube, also in Vienna, and subordinated it thereby the entire SS in the area of Austria integrated into the German Reich. Here felt Kaltenbrunner, despite its rank as SS - group leaders,cold-placed, since it felt changed often into its authority of the measure-favorable Führungsriege of the SS around upper group leaders Reinhard Heydrich.
To 30. January 1943 was introduced Kaltenbrunner to Berlin into its new office as a boss of the state police and the SD. Kaltenbrunner stepped hereby the follow-upHeinrich Himmlers on, which had kommissarisch noticed the line of the Central Reich Security Office (RSHA ) apart from its other functions since pure hard Heydrichs death. In the same year Kaltenbrunner was promoted to the SS-Obergruppenführer and general of the police. As a director/conductor of the Central Reich Security Office (RSHA) he was a boss of the notorious Gestapo - office,the Reichskriminalpolizeiamtes and the security agency (SD), which were responsible for the groups of employments, which murdered approximately 1.000.000 humans in the back of the east front to end of war.
To 12. March 1945 gave Ernst Kaltenbrunner to the IKRK at that time - president Carl Burckhardt the promise that IKRK delegating entrance tooone would grant to the concentration camps. This applied however under the condition that these delegated ones up to the end of the war remain in the camps. , Among them Louis Haefliger (duty-live ) delegated ten, Paul Dunant (Theresienstadt) and Victor bricklayers (DAK-strike) explained themselvesready for such a mission.
Toward end of the war Kaltenbrunner with some last faithful ones in the so-called alpine fortress entrenchd itself with old from lake, in which up to the bitter end resistance should be offered, and into which many prominent Nazis had brought robbed treasures, over for thoseTo take precautions time after the war. There Kaltenbrunner was then arrested by the Englishmen.
end of war after its arrest Kaltenbrunner to cross-examine first to England and afterwards after Nuremberg,where it should be placed before the international military tribunal ( IMT). There he spoke of abusing in the English detention and worked like a broken man. When one presented to him the indictment (he was accused of crimes against mankind and war crime), began he to cry.After short time however Kaltenbrunner transformed into a man, who fought with all means for its life. Kaltenbrunners defense strategy consisted essentially of maintaining any participation in crimes to denials and with offices for executive, like the Gestapo, nothing doing to have had.It was rather a kind of secret service representatives also excluding representative tasks. If necessary he denied even his own signature on loading documents, which were reproached to him by its prosecutor. Last end condemned the court Kaltenbrunner to death by the strand. The judgement became to 16. October 1946 executes.
- Peter Black: Ernst Kaltenbrunner - Vasall Himmlers. A SS-career. Paderborn 1991
- Michael Wildt: Generation of the absolute one. The guidance corps of the realm safety principal office. Hamburg edition, Hamburg 2002, ISBN the 3930908751
- Lorenz Stadler: Ernst Kaltenbrunner: Ideological career/development, Organisationstruktur of the Central Reich Security Office, Kaltenbrunner forwardsCourt. Bamberg 2004
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and over Ernst Kaltenbrunner in the catalog of the DDB
- Biografie Kaltenbrunners with the LeMO
- Biografie with shoa.de
- biography and picture of Kaltenbrunner (Italian)
Hermann Göring | Rudolf Hess | Martin boron man (the whereabouts at that time unknown) | Joachim of Ribbentrop | Robert Ley | Franz of Papen | General field marshal Wilhelm Keitel | Colonel general Alfred Jodl | Large admiral Erich wheels | Large admiral Karl Dönitz | Ernst Kaltenbrunner | Albert Speer | Fritz Sauckel | Hjalmar pit | Roll ago radio | Gustav Krupp of planks and halfoh (process-unable) | Hans's franc | Arthur Seyss Inquart | Alfred rose mountain | Konstantin of Neurath | William Frick | Julius strike ago | Hans Fritz | Baldur by ski oh
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||War criminal|
|DATE OF BIRTH||4. October 1903|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Ried in the Innkreis|
|DYING DATE||16. October 1946|