Ernst von Pardubitz

Ernst von Pardubitz (Czech: Arnošt z Pardubic), (* 25. March 1297 in Glatz; † 30. June 1364 in Raudnitz) was archbishop of the ore diocese Prague.


Table of contents

preface

the archbishop Ernst von Pardubitz in the literature frequently also as Ernst of Prague or Arnestus von Pardubitz is designated. He was the oldest son of the ostböhmischen knight Ernst von Hostinné (Arnošt z Hostinného). The father was Burgherr and governor of the böhmischen king in Glatz. Between 1327 and 1330 he exchanged his rule with Puta of Dubá (Půta z Dubé) Vízmburk (meadow castle) against the rule Pardubitz (Pardubice). Starting from this time the family of Pardubitz ( z Pardubic) called itself.

childhood and training

Ernst von Pardubitz spent its childhood in Glatz. From 1305-1310 he was there pupil of the latin school of the hospital gentlemen of the Hl. Johannes of Jerusalem, afterwards it visited the school of the Benediktinerklosters in Braunau. Since Prague had no university at this time still, it studied theology and law at the universities in Bologna and Padua and terminated the study as Lizentiat of the church right. Subsequently, he spent some time at the papal yard in Avignon.

church and political working

after the return to Prague became Ernst von Pardubitz 1326 cathedral gentleman and 1338 Dekan of the Prager of cathedral chapter. 1342 was it as an envoy of the king Johann of Luxembourg at the papal yard in Avignon. After the death of January IV. by Draschitz it became 1343 bishop of the Diözese Prague. After the collection to the ore diocese it became to 30. April 1344 appointed the first archbishop of Prague. The bishop seats in Olmütz ( Olomouc ) became simultaneous and Leitomischl (Litomyšl) as Suffragandiözesen the ore diocese Prague subordinates.

Ernst von Pardubitz dedicated itself to the organization of the again created ore diocese and. A. by the definition of new statutes and the arrangement of the written administration with office books and donation registers. 1349 it held a Reformsynode, on which Provinzialstatuten for its ore diocese were discharged for the first time in Prague (Statuta Arnošta z Pardubic). Further Synoden was held 1353, 1355, 1361 and 1362.

it put the foundation-stone for the building of the pc. to 1344 - Veit cathedral on the Hradschin, the böhmischen king seat.

1348 it was one the joint founder of the Prager university and became their first chancellor and substantial promoters.

Because of its mental proximity to the medal of the Augustiner it based in Glatz, Rokycany and Jaroměř Augustinerklöster. Its tendency was good training of the priests.

relations with the king house

Ernst von Pardubitz was closely connected for the böhmischen king house. Already during the study he learned the later emperor and king of Böhmen Karl IV. know. Both connected a deep friendship. He became his diplomat and councellor. 1347 it crowned Karl IV. to the king of Böhmen. 1346 and 1350 was he as his envoy at the papal yard in Avignon. 1348 it accompanied Karl IV. after Passau, to Brandenburg and to Reichstag after Nuremberg, 1353 and 1357 to Vienna, 1355 to the emperor coronation/culmination to Rome and 1356 after Breslau. Also three Mrs. Karls IV. by it to queens by Böhmen were crowned. When desired Karl's IV. it crowned in the year 1363 also the two-year prince Wenzel IV. to the king of Böhmen and its education supervised.

meaning

by its working unfolded into its Diözese the religious and church life. Its reforms and its political working were crucial bases for the close connection of church and lay power for the range of the crown Böhmens (Böhmen, Mähren, Schlesien). Its death was not only for the emperor and the young king Wenzel a large loss, but also for the whole country, since it was admired apart from its political Weitsichtigkeit also because of its good acts. The historian František Palacký described it in such a way: “A man of high stature, beautiful shape and noble face. At spirit, education, experience and knowledge he is comparable to the prominent men of his age. “After J. Polz (S. .) “It belonged to Lit to the most scholarly men of its generation and to the largest personalities in the periphery of Karl IVTH”

will and grave-puts

Ernst von Pardubitz determined that from its means in Glatz in place of the wooden stony church it was to be built and that he wants to be bestattet in this church. To 30. June 1364 it died on the erzbischöflichen lock in Raudnitz at the Elbe. Its body was transferred after Glatz and buried in the parish church, in which it was to have had a Marienerscheinung as a boy.

Because of its love for Glatz he was very much admired in the former county Glatz as the holy-moderate Arnestus of Pardubitz. Despite the political changes the Glatzer country belonged until 1972 to the Erzdiözese Prague.

The first tomb from the time of 1364-70 shows a white limestone figure on a Tumba from red marble. It is located in the left side ship and is partly destroyed. It is assumed that the destruction originates from the time of the Hussitenkriege.

A new high grave (Kenotaph) was created 1870 by the citizen of Berlin sculptor Johannes Janda from white marble and set up in the central ship of the church. It represents Arnestus of Pardubitz kneel-ends, with the face turned to the altar. 1960 were shifted it to the left side ship.

works

Cancellaria Arnesti [formula book], in: Fr.Tadra, archives for Austrian history 61, 1880, 267 FF

literature

  • Zdeňka Hlediková, Jana Zachová, Život Arnošta z Pardubic podle Valentina Krautwalda (the life Ernst von Pardubitz tells herb forest of Valentin), Pardubice 1997, ISBN 80-86046-25-7
  • Vilém z Hasenburka, Vita venerabilis Arnesti primi archiepiscopi ecclesie Pragensis/Život ctihodného Arnošta, prvniho arcibiskupa kostele pražskeho (Latin and. Czech), again Hg. of Česká křesťanská academy, Prague 1994, ISBN 80-85795-12-4
  • biographic-bibliographic church encyclopedia, volume VI, building time publishing house, 1993
  • Franz Albert, the will of the archbishop Ernst von Pardubitz, in: Glatzer of homeland sheets 1928, 81-86
  • J. Polc, Ernst of the Pardubitz, in: Ferdinand Seibt, life pictures for the history of the böhmischen countries, Bd. 3, 1978
  • Arnestus of Pardubitz, county Glatzer book ring, volume 35
  • V. Schauber, Pattloch name day calendar, Augsburg 1944
  • V Chaloupecký, Arnošt z Pardubic, I. arcibiskup pražský, Prague 1946
  • J.K. Vyskočil, Arnošt z Pardubic A jeho doba, Prague 1947
  • J. Torsy, encyclopedia of the German holy ones, Cologne 1959
  • V. Mede, Cesta české A moravské církve staletími, Prague 1982
  • J. Kadlec, Přehled českých církevních dějin, 1, Rome 1987
  • O. Lechner u. Contactor, with the holy ones by the year, Freiburg Basel vienna 1988
  • J. Torsy, the large name day calendar, 1997
  • V. Schauber h. M. Schindler, holy ones and name cartridge in the course of the year, Augsburg 1998
  • the county Glatz, the gentleman God angle of Germany, volume V, load-separate 1968
  • Dehio manual of the art monuments in Poland Schlesien, German fine-art publishing house 2005, ISBN 3-422-03109-x

Web on the left of



 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)