Ore diocese Breslau

the diocese Breslau became to 15. March 1000 as Suffragan at the same time with the ore diocese Gnesen by emperors Otto III. based and covered the areas of the schlesischen Piastenherzöge. Thietmar of Merseburg reports that the first bishop carried the name Johannes. A list of the bishops gives it however only starting from 1051.

The data of the chronicler Peter of Pit, who settles Poloniae the first schlesische diocese in Schmograu (Smogorzów ) in its between 1382 and 1385 Chronica developed principum with Namslau and whose establishment time in the year 965 saw, are in the meantime disproved. Also the bishops Gottfried (966-983), designated by it, Urbanus (983-1005), Clemens (1005-1027), Lucillus (1027-1036), Leonhard (1036 - 1045) and Timotheus (1045-1051) are not provable. A provable excessive quantity begins only again with bishop Hieronymus Romanus (1046 - 1062).

With the fall of the Piastenreiches it came in the years 1037 - 1038 to a heidnischen rebellion in Schlesien, in consequence its bishop from Breslau fled. In this phase of the Einflusslosigkeit the remote place Schmograu probably offered a certain protection. During böhmischen occupation Schlesiens selected the bishop 1041 the castle Rit (Ryczen) to the seat carrier. Bishop Hieronymus became 1051 by duke Kasimir I. again assigned in Breslau as a bishop, after whom by rebellion and war all church structures had been extinguished. This led probably also to the legend formation of the first bishop seat in Schmograu, January Długosz in the center 15. Century in its “Annales seu Cronicae incliti Regni Poloniae” still resumed.

The existence of a cathedral chapter in Breslau is provable since the year 1100. The diocese with its borders became 1155 by Pope Hadrian IV. confirmed.

In the course of the time the bishops of Breslau attained lay power over the duchies Ottmachau and Neisse. To 23. June 1290 granted duke Heinrich IV. the diocese the unrestricted national sovereignty over these duchies, so that the bishops occurred from now on the national prince conditions and prince bishops were called. The term of office bishop Preczlaw von Pogarell is called the “golden diocese”. The bishop placed the country after his assumption of office under the upper leaning sovereignty of the böhmischen crown, and bought up 1344 the Principality of Grottkau and combined it with the Principality of Neisse to the Principality of Neisse Grottkau. To the safety device of its country and around developing from robbery nests to to prevent, Preczlaw acquired several castles in the mountain courses at the border to Böhmens and let it develop. It led the church life to a bloom time and the Breslauer cathedral was finished.

Konrad von Oels was in the year 1422 the first bishop, who was appointed the upper national captain in Schlesien at the same time.

The outbreak of the Hussitenkriege and the reformation terminated the medieval bloom time of the diocese; it came nearly completely to succumbing. When 1526 actually brought the having citizens the crown to Böhmens, meant also for the Nebenland the Schlesien a return to the catholicism. The influencing control of the böhmischen kings on the occupation of the bishop place was largely, in response exercised now nearly all prince bishops also the office of the upper national captain . Since 1641 the diocese was not any more the ore diocese Gnesen, but subordinates the holy chair directly.

When in the Schlesi wars Prussia had conquered anno 1742 the largest part of the country, the diocese extended over two countries. The majority Prussian, a tenth of the diocese had become remained with Austria Hungary. This part, Austrian Schlesien became 1919 a component of Czechoslovakia.

Prussia main header 1810 all nationalwonderful rights and the landed property of the diocese up. The prince bishops remaining only the rich properties in Austrian Schlesien, those by the summer seat of the bishops, the lock Johannesberg in Jauernig were administered. 1948 was konfisziert also these by the Czechoslovakian state.

The borders of the diocese were often changed since the Prussian time according to the change of political borders. 1821 took place the assumption of the provinces Brandenburg (with Berlin) and Pommern as Fürstbischöfliche Delegatur under the diocese Breslau. From the areas of the diocese attached in consequence of the separation of east Upper Silesia in the year 1922 at Poland in the same year the Polish ore diocese Kattowitz was established. To 13. August 1930 was raised the diocese Breslau to the ore diocese, to as Suffragane the Fürstbischöfliche Delegatur Brandenburg Pommern raised in the same course to the diocese Berlin, which diocese Ermland and the free Prälatur snowing the UHL belonged.

After the death of the archbishop Adolf Bertram in the year 1945 the Polish cardinal arranged August Hlond the Kapitelvikar Ferdinand Piontek to the renouncement of the part of the diocese present under Polish administration east the or and Neisse. Piontek administered from Görlitz the German remainder part of the ore diocese Breslau, which was raised 1994 to the diocese Görlitz. In the Polish part Hlond set Apostoli administrators in Wrocław (Breslau), for Opole (Oppeln) and Gorzów Wielkopolski (Landsberg to the Warthe) in, from their districts 1972 the dioceses Wrocław, Opole and Gorzów Wielkopolski developed. The part of the ore diocese Breslau (Czech Schlesien), lying in Czechoslovakia, was attached 1978 to the ore diocese Olmütz (Olomouc). In the year 1992 a restructuring of the schlesischen dioceses took place, with which further dioceses in Legnica (Liegnitz) and Gliwice (Gleiwitz) were created.

See also: List of the bishops of Breslau


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