Ore diocese Cologne
|archbishop:||Dr. Joachim cardinal Meisner|
|of bishops:|| Dr. Heiner cook|
Dr. Rainer Woelki
Dr. Klaus thick
|Generalvikar:||Dr. Dominik Schwaderlapp|
|surface:||6181 km ²|
|inhabitants:||approx. 5.200.000 (31. December 2002)|
|Address:|| Marzellenstr. 32|
|Map of the church province|
It enclosure in North Rhine-Westphalia the circle-free cities Cologne, Bonn, Duesseldorf, Leverkusen, rem-separate, Solingen and Wuppertal, the eastern part of the circle Euskirchen (cities bath the cathedral Eifel [including the localities Embken, Muldenau and Wollersheim of the city Nideggen], Euskirchen, Zülpich, the municipality Weilerswist and the eastern localities of the city Mechernich), the circle Metz man including the former city chaining TIG, the Oberbergi circle, the largest part of the Rhine circle Neuss (cities Dormagen, Grevenbroich, Kaarst, Neuss, the municipality Rommerskirchen as well as the local part Büderich of the city sea shrubs and the local part Glehn of the city Korschenbroich), the Rhine Erft circle, the Rhine victory circle and the Rheinisch Bergi circle.
Besides in Rhineland-Palatinate parts of the district old person churches belong to it (Convention communities old person churches [without the local municipality Berod with Hachenburg], Hamm (victory), knowledge and Flammersfeld [northern the Wied] and the local municipality Friesenhagen) and the north of the district Neuwied (convention community Unkel and the local municipalities Asbach, book wood (Westerwald) as well as Windhagen) on. Furtherheard, as Exklave completely umschlossene of the diocese meal, the Essener quarter chaining TIG to the ore diocese Cologne; to the municipality chaining TIG today also the municipality pc. belongs. Laurentius in Mülheim/Mintard. Cardinal Meisner has therefore at the beginning of his term of office both the Essener at that time Oberbürgermeisterin Annette hunter andthe Mülheimer at that time Oberbürgermeisterin Eleonore liquid manure star a start attendance abgestattet. As the diocese meal was created refused the Cologne archbishop Josef cardinal Frings the city at that time chaining TIG with their high church tax incomes to the diocese meal delivering.
Table of contents
beginnings and the Middle Ages
the first provable bishop of Cologne was the Hl. Maternus around 313. The first bishop with Frankish name was the Hl. Evergislus (Eberigisil) in 6.Century. Since approx.795 led the bishops of Cologne the title of an archbishop.
Archbishop Rainald of Dassel transferred the Gebeine of the Hl in the year 1164. Three kings to Cologne. In the year 1248 then Konrad von Hochstaden became the foundation-stone for the new of archbishopgothical cathedral put.
In the process of the time the archbishops of Cologne, who were also the lay rulers ore pin cure Cologne , had ever more discrepancies with Cologne citizens. These discrepancies in the course of the limburgischen succession war found the summit in the year 1288 with the battle ofWorringen; the Cologne citizens had struck themselves on the side of the opponents of their archbishop. The archbishops lost lay power over the city Cologne as result of the battle. One symbolized the continued requirement on the city further gladly, about by one in documentsundauntedly of “our city Cologne” spoke. Also Cologne archbishops the reservation rights kept the high jurisdiction over the city, above all. More or less permanent disputes over authority within Cologne were opened thereby during a long period door and gate. In fact however the archbishops remained,at least in their characteristic as lay territorial princes, foreigner in the realm city, who had to please at their impact trees in just as sense-due way for entrance.
the reformation time
during the church structure in the region of the ore diocese Cologne around the year 1000 was trained alreadyand over the Middle Ages away, brought modern history remained to a large extent constant a number of quite complicated changes with itself. To whose understanding must one the circumstance before eyes hold oneself that “Cologne” with the realm city, the laily governed smaller ore pin and the church administered ore dioceseconceptually three different base factors designates, which were however historically often interlaced with one another.
The reformatorische development was to Cologne ore dioceses in 16. Century still comparatively imperceptibly passed: Probably not many more a tenth of the Pfarreien changed than approximately from the catholic to the Evangelist, D. h. lutherischen orreformed confession. It concerned such places, those out of own drive and against the avowed will of the national gentleman of the catholic faith partly moved itself away as for example Wesel or Soest. Partly however only later denomination-political influencing of the national gentlemen in the sense of the so-called gave.Nationalwonderful church regiment the excursion for a religious reorientation. That the dukes of Kleve, which controlled 1609 and the following landing hurrying Jülich, Kleve, mountain, Mark and Ravensberg up to their becoming extinct crossed, should themselves not (or not openly) to the Evangelist church however asstabilierend for ore diocese Cologne prove, which re-clamped these territories nearly completely. Only as Brandenburg Prussia 1609 the duchy Kleve and late Moers actually took, governed in an area belonging to to the ore diocese Cologne a Protestant dynasty, which was anxious the catholic Gegenreformation to block.
The complicated,by a power-political Patt caused denomination conditions into the 1609 between Brandenburg Prussia and Pfalz Neuburg divided territories are in the consequence before the background of the Jülich Klevi succession controversy (1609-1666) to be seen. At its end mutual tolerance regulations for the catholic, lutherische and reformed denomination applied, - whether outits view positively or negatively - anyhow outside of the access Cologne archbishop lay: He saw himself referred in its sphere of activity completely to its small lay rule area, which lay with exception of Linz at the Rhine on the left of the Rhine. In view of the extremely strong position of the land conditionsit was however in its government ability since the second half 15. Century strongly limits.
It could be stated thus in conscious exaggeration that the Cologne archbishop since the late Middle Ages both when lay prince and and church “Hirte” of effective acting was incapable,whereby pretty often personally little suitable bishop personalities seemed suitable to few, to get structurally adverse circumstances in the diocese administration into the grasp.
The resignations of two bishops (Friedrich of Wied and Salentin of Isenburg) and, more importantly still, the reformation attempts by Hermann V. ofWied 1543 and Gebhard Truchsess of forest castle 1582 did not leave really long-term consequences for the ore diocese. The inclinations Hermanns and, more still, Gebhards were extremely dangerously felt nothing the despite of the opposite side than. In the realm stood for the catholic parliamentary group with the possible Protestantisierung of the ore diocesenot to injustice tilting denomination conditions on broad level before eyes: Since the Cologne cure prince possessed one of seven Voten with the choice of the emperor, even on a long-term basis a Protestant Kaisertum with undreamt-of consequences for the entire rule structure seemed on European level possible.
The “Bavarian rule” (1583-1761)
the relative konfessionelle stability of the ore diocese Cologne in view of elsewhere rapid Protestantisierung is to be seen in view of its before the background of spreading political interests. That “the Rhine countries” in 16. and 17. Century it remained by the majority catholic, was not thus not because of the fact that itparticularly faith-strongly and/or. in relation to the reformation in principle averse would have been. Rather around the center the 16 proved. Century of remaining catholic powers (in particular the Kurie, Spain and/or. the house having castle, the Bavarian Wittelsbacher in the federation with a number of smaller, on the supplying places into thatCathedral chapters of dependent dynasties) as penetration strong.
Above all the supremacy of the catholicism in the west was strengthened durably by the fact that it the Bavarian Wittelsbacher since late 16. Century understood themselves, a kind continuous claim on the prince dioceses of the West German area - and concomitantly Cologne - toosecure. That is called concrete that wittelsbacher dukes and/or. (starting from 1623/1648) cure princes influence on the 24 Domkapitulare entitled to vote exercised - or unpopular (Protestant) Domkapitulare short hand from the office removed (“frightened”). They secured themselves with it election results in their church-political sense. Not surveyed may one thereby the enormous meaning of the bishop office for the according to rank supply of the younger sons planned for the religious conditions: For since later 16. Century child-rich house Bavaria Munich applied this all the more, than the dynastischen house laws since 1505 in the sense of the Primogeniturprinzips oneDivision the own country among later born sons prevented.
Here in the Rhine country religious conditions like elsewhere also did not become thus under the line by the free decision of the subjects, but by those partly politically, partly konfessionell switch positions of the respective territorial gentlemen motivated given.
The diocese reform 1559
the kölnische church organization in the early modern times was changed primarily by administrative cuts. The argument between Spain and its Netherlands provinces in the direct neighbourhood of the ore diocese with itself pulled first. The king Philipp governing in the NetherlandsII. (Spain) 1559 set Paul IV. with Pope. a basicconverging reorganization of the diocese structure in the region through. Vorgeblich went it to Philipp around fighting the protest anti-mash with suitable church-political means, seizing around itself. However the having citizens had unmistakably strong house-political interests in the northwest of the Holy Roman realm of German nation, which they hoped to fasten with intensified control also the church apparatus. In the Netherlands up to then only six, relatively large dioceses had existed, whose number was increased to Veranlassung Philipps now by divisions and reestablishments to 19.Until 1801 a away-living diocese Roermond was created, into the Pfarreien of the ore diocese Cologne within the range of Nijmegen and the rivers Maas and Niers in the so-called. Upper accomodation funds were branched off. The Cologne Suffraganbistum Utrecht was relatively still more strongly made smaller and from the Cologne church provincecompletely extracted, nevertheless however (like Mechelen and Cambrai) to the ore diocese increases. Also different Cologne Suffragane such as Münster suffered itself 1559 losses, from the view of the governing prince bishops primarily by the loss of fees like e.g. with Pfarrerbestallungen (installations) made noticeable.
the revolution time (1794-1813)
by the occupation of the entire linksrheinischen area by French troops by October 1794 and their further expenditure tires on the rechtsrheinischen area experienced the ore diocese Cologne internally like outwardly a fall: Not only in the radical jakobinischen phase that French revolution, but also at present the board of directors from 1795 to 1799 the catholic Kultus in the occupied areas was suppressed as in France substantial. Only Napoleon Bonaparte set an end for the fight of the Christianity, whereby him not tolerance, let alone religious conviction, but the calculation led to be able to form itself as remanufacturers of in-been rooted traditions. Importantly in this connection is among other things the return to the Gregorian calendar and the publication of a so-called. Reichskatechismus 1806.
Not to make political concessions meant Napoleon in relation to the realm church in the fall however:After by the peace of Lunéville to 9. March 1801 the entire linksrheinische area state-legally at France it pleases was, dissolved Napoleon the ore diocese Cologne in the course of a re-organization of the diocese structure in France circumstanceless with which it one over thousand-year old church-historical tradition in the Rhine country an endset. As replacement for Cologne it created a diocese Aachen under the bischöflichen line of its Gefolgsmanns Mark of Antoine Berdolet, which was subordinated to the ore diocese Mechelen as Suffragan. The fact that such measures were carried by rule-political motives does not exclude however that Napoleon as in the layso also within the church range recognize-worth reforms (for instance within the range of the Pfarrfinanzierung) into practice put.
Prussian time (starting from 1815)
with the end of the napoleonischen rule over the German west 1814/1815 came it to a however times change of church conditions: With that1821 closed concordat between the Kurie and Prussia, which on the Viennese congress 1815 the rule in the almost entire Rhine country angegetreten had, the diocese Aachen was again dissolved, animated Cologne against it again. Those before times Aachener of church areas became now between Cologne and Münster upa way distributes, which corresponded more of Prussia administrative needs than the church-historical traditions: The Cologne parishes covered the governmental districts Cologne, Aachen and Duesseldorf, national districts was thus adapted. At the northern Niederrhein, in which age-old kölnische tradition places were as for example Xanten or Kempen,the however short-lived Prussian governmental district Kleve with the Pfarreien the diocese Münster met there was incorporated. Its Dekanate Kleve, Wesel, Recklinghausen and goods village form this very day the border to the ore diocese Cologne, for that 1957 established diocese meal and late Paderborn in the east, raised to the ore diocese.
By the clear Entgegegenkommen of the Kurie opposite Prussia during the repure direction Cologne ore dioceses were in certain respects already marked the conflicts between state and church on the Rhine of the following decades. Their central event was the Cologne church controversy. Here an argument was the center of attentionbetween (renamed several times) Prussian ministries for education and cultural and ultramon Cologne archbishop Clemens August Droste gesinnten to Vischering around the legal status so-called. Mixed marriages from 1837 to 1840. Unterschwellig provoked these “Cologne confusions” a fundamental relationship regulation between state and catholic church in Prussia. This extendedup to the culture fight in the German empire and flowed themselves at the end into a separation of the church from the religious sphere. Into the so-called. “res mixtae”, those ranges, whose regulation was from both sides stressed (public education, marriage ceremony and - jurisdiction etc.), became generally accepted however the state.
in 20. Century finally experienced the ore diocese Cologne by the splitting off of the 1930 of again created diocese Aachen in the west and by the mechanism of the surface-moderately small, but at inhabitants and/or. Coming university edges of numerous “Ruhr diocese” meal again changes.
Since 1954 that maintainsOre diocese Cologne, on initiative of the archbishop at that time Joseph cardinal Frings, a diocese sponsorship with the ore diocese Tokyo. A second diocese partnership was justified under archbishop Joachim cardinal Meisner with the diocese Dresden Meissen.
central identifier of the catholics in the ore diocese Cologne is the 1880 Cologne cathedral finished placed. The Cologne Dompropst Dr. Norbert field-hope said to the attendance of Pope Benedikt XVI. Cologne cathedral: “We thank you for this attendance and it fulfilledus with pride that the Cologne cathedral is the first cathedral outside of the diocese Rome, which you visit as a Pope. In a Cologner “modesty” we consider this appropriate, because the cathedral of the holy Petrus in Cologne the bishop church of the 'Ecclesia Coloniensis more semper sedis Apostolicae fidelisfilia' is. “
The Ecclesia Coloniensis finds its sense-due unit in Cologne cathedral and to a history, which witnesses outward from Traditionalität and faith unit. The admission of reformatorischen ideas in 16. or for instance the Rome-critical Febronianismus in later 18. Century shows however that also the ColognersChurch already in the before-modern time always unverbrüchlich at the side of the Kurie did not stand at all.
the archbishop of Cologne was in the early modern times in personnel union cure prince of Cologne and (since 1180) duke of Westphalia. “Westphalia” did not designate however thatLandscape term Westphalia, but relatively far outside of Cologne ore pin removes lying, at best medium sized territory (with the capital Arnsberg), which led a rather independent political existence in various regard. In addition still the Vest Recklinghausen came through, however up to its release Salentin of Isenburg 1576 was pawned. He attained all other fürstbischöflichen rule areas, which the archbishop brought into his hand, only in own person and not by his title than head of the kölnischen church, but by he as a member of the respective cathedral chapters to his office selected(called therefore up to the papal Konfirmation “electus”) became.
In his church function the archbishop of Cologne is this very day Metropolit of the Rheini church province. Since that 13. Century carries it the title for born apostolischen Legaten. Always belonging to the Kardinalskollegium, he is first thatGerman bishops, although the archbishop of Salzburg (Austria) is Primas Germaniae.
Among the archbishops of Cologne a row ranked intellectually like church-politically outstanding shapes. Like that the Cologne cardinal archbishop Johannes of scourge of the “inventors” of the bishop conference was and the cardinal archbishop Joseph Höffner of the “founders” of the modernFinancial administration of the Apostoli chair and the Vatikanstaates. In 16. Century was partly zwiespältig the konfessionelle attitude of the Cologne archbishops. Of 17. up to the end 18. Century dominated on Cologne ore chair the type of the Simonisten, i.e. on the collection as more numerously as possiblelucrative and condition-adequate church Pfründen erpichten high aristocrats. Pastorale aspects withdrew every now and then clearly, which from the fact already it is recognizable that some bishop did not catch up all or also only the lowest consecrations, in order to keep itself the retreat open into the lay conditions.
Only toward end18. Century did with Maximilian Franz of the absolutism enlightened of Austria one in the reform discourse outstanding personality out, whose working was naturally blocked however by internal obstacles in the cure state and by the Rhine land crew of the French revolution troops. In 19. Century exposed themselves Cologne archbishopsin the arguments with the Prussian state (s.o.). Since early 20. Century they did particularly in the area of the world church out. Joseph cardinal Frings broke through the kuriale guardianship and provided thereby for the second Vatikani council a strong effect possibility. Joseph Höffner was inclose advisor Pope Paul VI. and Pope Johannes Paul II.. Also cardinal Joachim Meisner was a close friend Pope Johannes Paul II. and functioned as his personal councellor. But one recognizes the world-church meaning of the Cologne archbishops by its attitude to social questions. Sowere able they a denomination-spreading attitude in trade union questions to implement, to justify as also national and international welfare organizations, which form the basis of today's papal welfare organizations.
The meaning of the archbishop of Cologne is reflected in the laboriousness in the case of the occupation Cologne ore chair again. In 19. Century had(more Prussian) state and church a usually competing interest to intersperse their candidate since in national church questions an outstanding position came to this. This was often in history a rope pulling, with which those were moved the interests of the Erzdiözese themselves into the background. Domkapitular Trippen describesthis in its book concerning the Cologne archbishop elections very much impressing. And also today is it still like that that the occupation Cologne ore chair a Politikum is always.
On another sheet the economic meaning of the ore diocese stands. Cologne calls itself also in its self-manifestationwhen “at the point of the Diözesen being located in Germany” and “world-wide to the dioceses with the largest total volume of the budget” (680 million euro 2004) belonging, whereby is not to be assumed one would be bent to really make the income side in relation to the critical public transparency. Fact is nevertheless,that the expenditures the incomes by far exceed. Although the situation in Cologne does not have being regarded as as precarious as elsewhere (for instance in Aachen), then also this diocese before the necessity considerable output shortages stands. The function has with lay functions of the administration entrusted also hereGeneralvikars in the last years therefore substantial at meaning won.
- Karl Joseph cardinal trained (1920 - 1942)
- Joseph cardinal Frings (1942 - 1969)
- Joseph cardinal Höffner (1969 - 1987)
- see in addition also: List thatArchbishops of Cologne
- see in addition also: List of the Cologne bishops
the ore diocese Cologne, which had four bishops, has itself to 30. September 2004 on three bishops limits. Here one referred to the population and/or. Coming university edge decrease and rising of the average age of the population. Like that is z. B. since the 1980er years the number of Firmungen of over 20.000 in the year on under 10.000 please.
the church life of the ore diocese Cologne is civil and at the same time urban coined/shaped. The latter explains itself already from the fact that, under thosewechsehaften restructuring of the past, the ore diocese hardly rural areas possesses. Apart from countless church associations there is a high number of Kirchenchören and servers (indicated for 2004 as in each case over 30.000). The measuring attendance is with 12,6% of the church members. Besides it still enters in the ore diocesealive barrier travel nature and a just as alive holy admiration.
- holy one of three kings
- Gereon of Cologne (2. Patron of Cologne)
- Severin of Cologne
- Ursula of Cologne (1. Patronin of Cologne)
the ore diocese Cologne is divided into nine circle andeight Stadtdekanate. The Rhine victory circle is in right and a linksrheinisches Kreisdekanat, the Rhine circle Neuss into a circle and a Stadtdekanat a Neuss arranged.
|Bonn||Bad Godesberg, Beuel, Mitte, Nord|
|Duesseldorf||Benrath, center/Heerdt, north, east, south|
|Cologne||Deutz, thin forest, honour field, Lindenthal, center, Mülheim, Nippes,Porz, Rodenkirchen, Worringen|
|old person churches||knowledge|
|Euskirchen||bath the cathedral Eifel, Euskirchen, Zülpich|
|Metz man||Hilden, length field/Monheim, Metz man, Ratingen|
|Oberbergi circle||Gummersbach, Waldbröl, Wipperfürth|
|Rhine Erft circle||Bedburg, mountain home, Brühl, Erftstadt, impudent one, Hürth, Kerpen, Pulheim, Wesseling|
|Rhine circle Neuss||Dormagen, Grevenbroich|
|Rheinisch Bergi circle||old person mountain, Bergisch Gladbach, Overath|
|Rhine victory circle lrh.||Fount home, Rheinbach/Meckenheim|
|Rhine victory circle rrh.||Eitorf/Hennef, king winter, Lohmar, nine-churches, victory castle/sank Augustin, Troisdorf|
historical archives of the ore diocese Cologne
metropolitan, Kathedral and cathedral chapter to Cologne, it counts 50670 Cologne [works on] 16 members about which four live not at the cathedral and are called “Nichtresidierende cathedral gentlemen”. At thatA Dompropst, which the cathedral chapter selects, and a Domdechant, which the archbishop appoints, stand for point of the chapter. The cathedral gentlemen are appointed by the archbishop of Cologne, whereby he appoints in the change once on suggestion of the chapter and then again after hearing of the same. Hausherr of the cathedralthe cathedral chapter and not the archbishop are in Cologne. It selects after death or the resignation a new archbishop and supports the archbishop with the administration of the diocese.
Residing cathedral gentlemen are at present: Dompropst Dr. jur. utr. Norbert field-hope (1975/2004), Domdechant Johannes phloem gene (2003), Dr.jur. CAN.Günter Assenmacher (2004), bishop Dr. theol. Heiner cook (1998), bishop Manfred Melzer, bishop Dr. theol. Rainer Woelki (2003), Professor. Dr. theol. Norbert Trippen (1986), Dr. theol. Robert buddy, Dr. theol. Dominik Schwaderlapp (2004), Josef sour fount (2004), Gerd Bachner (2005), Hans Josef Radermacher (2006)-
Nichtresidierende cathedral gentlemen: Dr. theol. Johannes westhope, Winfried Auel (2004), Heinrich Festing, Rolf stone houses (2005)
Emeritierte cathedral gentlemen: Berne pool of broadcasting corporations Henrichs (Dompropst em. 2004), bishop Dr. theol. Klaus thick (Domdechant em. 2003), Ludwig Schöller (em. 2004), Heinrich bar situation (em. 2005), Gottfried weber (em. 2005)
culture and objects of interest
barrier travel places
- the Hl. Three kings (6. January) in the high cathedral church, cathedral monastery 3, 50667 Cologne
- grace picture of the nut/motherGod in pc. Maria birth, at the manor 54, 41515 Grevenbroich
- Adolph Kolping (* 8. December 1813 in Kerpen; † 4. December 1865 in Cologne)
- Albertus Magnus (* around 1200 in Lauingen; † 15. November 1280 in Cologne)
- Edith stone (* 12. October 1891 in Breslau; † 9. To August 1942 occurred Auschwitz), 1933 in Cologne Karmeliterordnen
- list of the Cologne Generalvikare
- list of the Cologne Offiziale
- list of the catholic dioceses
- list of the former catholic dioceses
- ore diocese Tokyo, partner diocesethe ore diocese Cologne
- cathedral radio, official Radiosender of the ore diocese Cologne
Web on the left of
- Christians on the Rhine - certifications Kölni church history from two millenia
- history of the ore diocese Cologne
- the cathedral radio, Radiosender of the ore diocese Cologne
- [picture gallery of the Cologne bishops since 1900 http://www.potsdam-bild.de//thomas/SDE/RK-koeln.htm]
Aachen | Augsburg | Bamberg | Berlin | Dresden Meissen | Calibrate-corroded | Erfurt | Meal | Freiburg | Fulda | Görlitz | Hamburg | Hildesheim | Cologne | Limburg | Magdeburg | Mainz | Munich-freesing | Münster | Osnabrück | Paderborn | Passau | Regensburg | Gang castle Stuttgart | Speyer | Trier | Peppering castle