Essertines sur role
|of coat of arms|
|coordinates:|| 46° 30 ' n. Break. |
6° 19 ' o. L.
|Height:||726 m and. M.|
|Surface:||6,92 km ²|
|inhabitants:||559 (31. December 2005)|
Table of contents
Essertines sur role is on 726 m and. M., 14 km northnortheast the city Nyon (air line). The farmer village extends on easily eastward the sloping slope of the plateau above the Waadtländer Côte, at the law south foot, within the range of the village brook Ruisseau of the Chaux.
The surface 6,9 km ² of the large Gemeindegebiets covers a section of the law foot plateau and the Waadtländer Côte. The upper municipality part covers the high plateau bent eastward, which is drained by the brooks Ruisseau of the Chaux and Ruisseau of the Rottières (the north border partly forms) to the Aubonne. After the west the area extends into the forest Le Saugey, in with 896 the m and. M. the highest point is reached by Essertines sur role. The southern municipality border runs usually on the edge above the steep waste of the Côte (Les Bioles, 811 m and. M.). In a narrow Zipfel the Gemeindegebiet is enough to the south to to the foot of the Waadtländer Côte and covers their steep rock slope between the brooks Le Flon in the west and Ruisseau de Famolens in the east. From the municipality surface 1997 7% were allotted to settlements, 21% to forest and wood and 72% to agriculture.
To Essertines sur role the Weiler Châtel ( 739 m belong and. M.), Bugnaux (599 m and. M.) at the slope of the Côte, Roussillon (492 m and. M.) eastern the Flon with Tartegnin and Creux you Mars (429 m and. M.) at the foot of the Côte at the brook Flon as well as numerous single yards. Neighbour municipalities of Essertines sur role are Mont sur role, Tartegnin, Gilly, Burtigny, Saint Oyens, Gimel and Pizy.
with 559 inhabitants (at the end of of 2005) belongs to Essertines sur role to the smaller municipalities of the canton Waadt. From the inhabitants 78,8% are französischsprachig, 8,3% German-language and 5,7% English-language (conditions 2000). The total population of Essertines sur role amounted 1850 to 564 inhabitants, 1900 to 453 inhabitants. After the population had decreased until 1980 on 296 inhabitants, a rapid increase in population with nearly a duplication of the number of inhabitants began within 20 years.
Essertines sur role was into the second half 20. Century a village predominantly coined/shaped by the agriculture. This very day the agriculture plays an important role as branch of trade of the population. It concentrates on the high surface on cattle breeding, dairy farming and agriculture. The slope of the Côte underneath the Weilers Bugnaux is continuous existed of vines. Further jobs are in the local small trade and particularly in the service sector present. In the last decades the village developed to a Wohngemeinde. Many employed person work outward and partly oscillate into the cities Lausanne and Geneva.
the municipality lies off larger Durchgangsstrassen. The Weiler like also Essertines sur role can of the motorway connection role to the 1964 opened A1 (would gene-dull-reflect) easily to be reached. By a post office autocourse, which operates from role to Gimel, Essertines sur role is tied up to the net of public traffic.
with Bugnaux remainders of a Roman settlement were discovered. The first documentary mention of the place took place 1152 under the name Essartinis, 1250 appeared the designation Exertines. The place name is on exsartum to lead back the participle of late latin of word exsarire (roden , make arable).
Essertines sur role belonged in the Middle Ages to the rule Mont le Vieux, which was in the possession of the gentlemen von Cossonay Prangins. 1293 came the rule into the possession of the Savoyer, 1366 into those the Viry. Around the lock Mont le Vieux, which was on a projection/lead above Bugnaux, developed a small small market town, which was called for the first time 1179 and 1475 were destroyed together with the lock by the oath comrades. In the consequence marks one left, and the inhabitants settled mostly in Bugnaux.
With the conquest of the Waadt by Berne in the year 1536 Essertines sur role came under the administration of the Vogtei Morges, whereby the jurisdiction by the Kastlaneien role and Mont le Vieux were exercised. 1784 fell numerous houses of a conflagration to the victim. After the collapse of the Ancien régime Essertines sur role from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetik to the canton Léman, belonged, which came up afterwards with the coming into force of the Mediationsverfassung in the canton Waadt. 1798 were assigned the village to the district Aubonne, 1803 came it to the district role. The tendency of the population of Bugnaux and Châtel in the first half 19. Century to create an independent municipality one did not allow.
objects of interest
the parish church Saint André was in 12. Century a matter in dispute between the Benediktinerabtei Ainay with Lyon and her daughter monastery Saint Jean in Geneva. The church was established on the foundations of a karolingischen building of predecessors. It possesses an important choir and since the Middle Ages was several times converted. In the local centre are some characteristic farmhouses from that 18. and 19. Century. From the former lock Mont le Vieux are only ruins visibly.
Web on the left of
- official Website of the municipality Essertines sur role (French)
- of article Essertines sur role in the historical encyclopedia of Switzerland
- aerial photos
coordinates: 46° 30 ' N, 6° 19 ' O