Eugen shoemaker

Eugen shoemaker (full name Eugen Josef Robert shoemaker) (* 4. August 1906 in Stuttgart; † 8. January 1973 in Munich) is a zoologist and an animal film pioneer. Beside Heinz Sielmann and Bernhard Grzimek he ranks among the best and most successful Tierfilmern Germany. It already drew the attention of the cinema public with its film nature in danger to 1952 to the destruction of the animal world by humans. With its film the last Paradiese it created a unique masterpiece of nature and animal film.

Table of contents

career/development

of shoemaker cinematic work began with short and instructional films, which it turned for the 1930er years in South America in addition, over the domestic animal world. In the following 40 years it created very successful cinema documentations, which were distinguished among other things with the international film festivals in Cannes and Venice as well as with the German film price.

Starting from 1958 37 consequences of the TV-row were turned “on the traces of rare animals”, those from 1964 to 1972 very successfully in the 3. Television programs of the pool of broadcasting corporations ran.

To 8. January 1973 died Eugen shoemaker with 66 years at cancer. The success of its last film of Europe Paradiese he did not experience no more also. For this film was it 2 years on the way and filmed among other things Sea birds on the Hallig Norderoog, the Spanish emperor eagle in the national park Coto de Doñana in Spain, Wisente in the Biaolowieza national park between Poland and white Russia and the last European population of the Waldrapps in Birecik, (Turkey).

2001 showed that 16. international Dokumentarfilmfestival Munich in the row the animal in the view one work-look his films

pioneer work for the world nature protection

in the spring 1959 began the turning work to the last Paradiese. This film belongs to one of the longest, most expensive and ambitioniersten projects of all times in the range animal film. 7 years were shoemakers and his cameraman Helmut Barth in 60 countries (and. A. The USA, New Zealand, Japan, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, new Guinea, Canada, Spain, South Africa, Australia) on the way, in order to film the most strongly endangered animal species of the world. Came out an alarming report for the rescue of the animal world and the Naturparadiese, which captivate particularly by unique photographs. To a short trick film introduction over historical exterminations, like Dodo, giant alkene and Quagga it went into all continents and famous of national park, where among other things photographs of the Komodowaran, of the Mandschurenkranich, from the Kakapo, from the Indian lion and of the Brückenechse developed. Animal species such as z. B. the Urfrosch Leiopelma or the Javanashorn was at all for the first time filmed. Some animal species, like z. B. the Schreikranich it were however at that time so rare that shoemaker had to fall back to archives material of other Tierfilmern. Production costs amounted to over million DM. To 28. February 1967 came the film into the German cinemas and both at the public and with the criticism enthusiastically was finally taken up. The book of the same name was a world success and into several languages was likewise translated, and. A. in:

  • The USA: The load of Paradises: On the TRACKs OF rare one animals, Doubleday & CO, Inc. New York
  • England: The load OF the game: On the TRACKs OF rare one animals (with Gwynne Vevers; Winwood Reade), Collins, London, 1968
  • Italy: Gli Ultimi Paradisi, GARZANTI, MI, 1966
  • Slovenia (at that time: socialist förderative Republic of Yugoslavia): Nedotaknjene divjine: Po sledeh redkih zivali (with Prevedla Nada Vukeli´c), Ljubljana: Drzavna Zaloba Slovenije, 1969
  • Finland: Viimeiset paratiisit: Harvinaisten eläinten jäljillä (with Heikki Väänänen), Porvoossa: W. Then-the-flow, the 1968
  • Netherlands: De laatste paradijzen - Speurtocht naar zeldzame dieren (with M. E. A. Thijssen van the Bosch), Wageningen Zomer & Keuning, 1967
  • Hungary: Az utolsó éden

works

of films

of short and instructional films

  • 1933: To the Gran Chaco Indians
  • 1933: Country and animals in the Gran Chaco
  • 1935: Technology creates Vogelparadies
  • 1937: Under SAB-learn and Seeschwalben
  • 1940: Only one pool. Camera hunt in the unaffected protected area
  • 1941: The woman fright
  • 1941: Subtenant
  • 1942: Salmo, the Forelle
  • 1942: Pinnated building masters
  • 1942: Nesthocker Nestflüchter
  • 1943: Caution Kreuzottern
  • 1943: Net from silk
  • 1943: Small winter guests
  • 1944: In the realm of the Wichtelmännchen
  • 1944: Antilopen of the mountains
  • 1945: Schnurf, the Igelin
  • 1949: Small night ghosts
  • 1950: Pinnated guests at the edge of the city
  • 1951: Grey witnesses from the Middle Ages
  • 1951: The yellow cathedral
  • 1952: Secretnesses in the moorland
  • 1953: Bird life in the Pacific
  • 1953: White treasures in the tropical country
  • 1955: In the country of the Hunzas
  • 1956: The coat of arms bird
  • 1956: From the picture book of nature
  • 1957: Vault of nature
  • 1959: The cross spider
  • 1960: Stone time human being in new Guinea
  • 1964: The bird with the lyra tail

of long films

  • 1939: Zoo South America (alternative: Tierparadies South America) (its first motion picture film)
  • 1940: Indian (only camera, direction: Ernst R. Mueller and Gerd Philipp)
  • 1952: Nature in danger
  • 1953: On the way to fire country
  • 1953: On the traces of the Inkas
  • 1953: Kapuziner mission in Chile
  • 1955: In the shade of the Karakorum
  • 1958: Canada - country of the black bears
  • 1960: Spirit country of the South Seas
  • 1960: Mission in the Papua country
  • 1966: Alaska, wilderness at the edge of the world
  • 1967: The last Paradiese
  • 1970: Of Europe Paradiese

television

  • 1958 on the traces of rare animals (37 consequences)

books

  • 1936: Under Säbelschnäblern and Seeschwalben - observations and nature documents from the bird world of the German North Sea Coast, Hugo Bermühler publishing house
  • 1937: The feather/spring game of the German hunter - a text book for preparation for hunter examinations. A manual for practice, publishing house of J. Neumann
  • 1940: Only one pool. Camera hunt in the unaffected protected area. Photo friend series of publications volume 5. Elsner Vlgsgesellschaft. Berlin. Vienna. Leipzig. (with Anton Kutter)
  • 1951: Schnurf, the Igelin and other ergötzliche animal stories, F.Bruckmann
  • 1951: My film animals, F. Bridging man
  • 1958: The mountain lives - mountain animals in the alps, Anden, Rocky Mountains and in the Himalaya Karakorum, F. Bridging man
  • 1958: Hundred days in the Rocky Mountains (with Paul and Veronika Eipper), R.Piper & CO publishing house, Munich
  • 1966: The last Paradiese - on the traces of rare animals, Bertelsmann GmbH Gütersloh
  • 1970: I filmed 1000 animals - experiences on all continents, Ullstein publishing house Berlin - Frankfurt/M - Vienna, ISBN 3-550-06563-9
  • 1970: On the traces of many animals. Stories, which I read again and again. Kindler, Munich
  • 1970: Alaska: Vast country on the Edge OF the Arctic (with Heinrich Gohl), Kümmerly & Frey Geographical Publishers, Berne, Switzerland
  • 1972: Of Europe Paradiese - last chance of an endangered continent, Bertelsmann GmbH Gütersloh, ISBN 3-570-04536-6
  • 1973: Meetings and experiences with the large animal friend, Hohenloher pressure and publishing house house
  • 1973: Threatened animal world - 7 years film work on all continents, penny publishing house, new Isenburg

honors selection

  • 1949: Small night ghosts Federal film award of festivals Berlin 1950 moving price of festivals Berlin
  • 1950: Pinnated guests at the edge of the city 2. Price of festivals Cannes 1951
  • 1951: Grey witnesses from the Middle Ages 1. Price of festivals Venice 1952
  • 1951: The yellow cathedral 1. Price of festivals Cannes 1952
  • 1955: In the shade of the Karakorum Federal film award film volume in gold, 1955
  • 1958: Canada - country of the black bears, silver alpine rose of festivals Trient, 1958
  • 1960: Spirit country of the South Seas, golden Neptun of festivals Trient, 1960
  • 1966: Alaska, wilderness at the edge of the world, large price, festivals Trient, 1960
  • 1967: The last Paradiese, golden Neptun, festivals Trient, 1967

trivia

  • 1931: Acquisition of its first camera, “Bell's an and Howell Handkamera”, model Eyemo.
  • 1932: Marriage with Maria Eder
  • 1934: Birth of the daughter Annemarie, the late Cutterin of its films became
  • 1955: Coworker of the Bavarian broadcast (over 100 transmissions)

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