Eurasi Luchs

Eurasi Luchs
Eurasi Luchs (Lynx lynx)
systematics
Order: Raubtiere (Carnivora)
over family: Cat-well-behaved (Feloidea)
family: Cats (Felidae)
Unterfamilie: Felinae
kind: Luchse (Lynx)
kind: Eurasi Luchs
scientific name
Lynx lynx
(Linnaeus, 1758)

that Eurasi Luchs or Nordluchs (Lynx lynx) is one in Eurasien spread kind of the Luchse. In the German linguistic usage this kind is nearly always meant, if from „the Luchs “the speech is.

Table of contents

characteristics

with a head fuselage length of up to 1,30 m (plus between 11 and 25 cm tail) and a Schulterhöhe of 65 cm is the Luchs the largest cat of Europe. In Central Europe male Luchse weigh on the average 20-26 kg (extreme values depending upon region12 kg up to 37 kg), females are clearly easier with 17-20 kg (extreme values 12 to 29 kg). With the other kinds of the kind it divides the long brush ears, the roundish head and the very short tail. Its skin is yellow to grey brown and often carriesa design from darker marks or strips. The Fleckung depends on the habitat and changes from region to region. The Eurasi Luchs carries very much minted sideburns. Hochbeinigkeit, short tail and short ears as well as the strongly behaarten paws place adjustments against cold weather and highSnow situations.

Already in the antique one it was considered as extraordinarily scharfsichtig (see. Lynkeus), in Germany also as hellhörig („ears like a Luchs “) and verstohlen („someone somewhat abluchsen “).

Habitat

the original circulation area of the Luchses was enough from the Pyreneeses in a broad belt until Siberia, under recess of most northwest Europe (Great Britain, the Netherlands, Northern Germany, Denmark). Northern Scandinavia was likewise unbesiedelt. In Germany the last Luchse were likewise killed 1846 with the ruin Reussenstein, 1846 with Zwiesel in the Bavarian forest and around 1850 in the Bavarian alps. Toabout 1960 were completely exterminated the Eurasi Luchs in Western Europe. In large parts South-east Europe as well as in the Siberian taiga the kind could hold itself north, east, and however, the westernmost autochthonen occurrences gave it around 1960 in South Sweden, east Poland and the eastern Slowakei.

Fährte im Schnee
Track inSnow

by numerous Auswilderungen are today some ranges of Western Europe like the alps, the law, which Vogesen and the Böhmerwald again-settle.

In Germany there are again Luchse in the Pfälzer forest and individual Luchse in the Bavarian forest, immigrated from Tschechien. In the national park resin a Auswilderungsprojekt runs, and individual Luchse immigrated from Switzerland were probably sighted already again in the Black Forest. 2002 came it in the resin to the first birth of free-living Luchse since the re-establishment: A Luchspaar had thrown new generation. In the year 2005 became after more than 200Years for the first time freely living Luchs in the upper Danube valley above sigma rings sighted and with a video camera with infrared headlight filmed. For some years also by individual observations and trace sighting in the remote parts of the Eifel in the GermanBelgian border area one reports, by the snow Eifel, the trembling forest, the high Venn into the national park in the Rureifel inside. 2004 were sighted for the first time here a female animal with two young animals. The origin of the individual animals is so far unsettled. It is assumed that it from the Pfälzer forest over that Hunsrück zugewandert. Also in Hessen by Luchs observations since 1999 one reports. In September 2005 a Luchs in the area Marburg was filmed by a monitoring camera.

The Eurasi Luchs is a forest animal, which uses open landscapes and human settlements only randlich and temporarly, besides is the animals also in the rocky mountain zone and in the Hochebenen of central Asia.

Way of life

Luchs
Luchs in the animal enclosure in the national park Bavarian forest

the Luchs lives as a loner, who hunts at night particularly in the dawn and. Small and medium sized hoof animals are preferred, covered in all other respectsthe booty spectrum practically all small and medium sized mammal and birds existing in the respective habitat. In the alps deer and Gämsen dominate, in the Bavarian forest play beside deer also red fawns and field hares an important role in the food. In the taiga above all snow hares become and rough foot chickens captures. Only occasionally individual Luchse specialize in domestic animals such as goats and sheep. The hunt takes place according to kind of cat via Anschleichen with locking starting or one shortkept in track from usually under 20m length.

The couples are only at the mating time between February and Apriltogether. The two to three boys become usually after a carrying time of ten weeks at a calm place (rock cave, root plate,…) born and remain up to the next spring with the nut/mother. The number of deaths of the young animals is high. Only approx. half of the boys survive thatfirst Lebensjahr.

The life span of a Luchses is at ten to twelve years, it however also of up to twenty-four to years old single animals is reported.

Endangerment

the kind as a whole does not apply in the year 2004 as endangered, the hunt for Luchse is however in mostStates as also in Germany, Austria and Switzerland either forbidden or strictly adjusts. Among other things Bernese the convention, the Bonn convention, the Fauna Flora Habitat guideline the European of the union and CITES offer international protection. Largest problem for the Luchs in Central Europe is the illegalBejagung.

Systematics

the Eurasi Luchs are usually regarded today as independent kind. One finds occasionally still the Eurasi Luchs with the Canadian Luchs and the Pardelluchs combined into a common kind, to the Nordluchs.

See also: Become extinct animal species of Europe

literature

  • Antal Festetics (Hrsg.) et al.: The Luchs in Europe. Contributions I. International Luchs Kolloqiums in Murau/Steiermark, 7. - 9. May 1978 (topics of the time, number 3), Greven: 1980 (Kilda), 355 S., ISBN 3-921427-43-6
  • R. M. Nowak, Walker's Mammals OF the World, volume. 1, 6th OD., John Hopkins Univ.Press, 1999, S. 806
  • Robert yard judge, Elke Berger, the Luchs. Return to quiet paws. Stocker, 2004 ISBN 3702010416
  • Manfred Wölfl, Heinz small, Luchswege. Mz book publishing house, 2000 ISBN 3931904849
  • N.N., Luchsmanagement in Central Europe - summary of the lectures and discussions to the trade conference in Zwiesel 10. - 11. November 2003, Nature protection in Lower Bavaria, number 4, government of Lower Bavaria, 121 S.

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