Evangelist-reformed church

of these articles is concerned with the Evangelist-reformed church in Germany. For (Evangelist) the reformed churches of Switzerland see to Swiss reformed churches
map
is missing still
to base data
surface: Municipalities are on nearly
completely Germany scatter
line: Church president Jann Schmidt,
vice-president
Dr. Johann Weusmann,
Präses Garrelt Duin sen.
Membership: UEK and Konf.ev.Ki.Nds
Synodalverbände: 11
church municipalities: 142
municipality members: 190.866 (31. December 2002)
Portion of
the total population:
-
Address: Saarstrasse 6
26789 empty (East Frisia)
official Website: www.reformiert.de/
E-Mail address:

The Evangelist-reformed church - Synode of Evangelist-reformed churches in Bavaria and Nordwestdeutschland is one of 23 member churches (regional churches) of the Evangelist church in Germany (EKD). Like all regional churches it is a body of the public right with seat in empty (East Frisia). The church has approx. 190,000 municipality members in 142 church municipalities (conditions: Dec. 2002) and are one that reformed churches within the EKD. It belonged also to the Konföderation of Evangelist churches in Lower Saxony and joined 2003 of the union of Evangelist churches .

Main church of the Evangelist-reformed church is the “large church” in empty (East Frisia).

Table of contents

area of the regional church

the Evangelist-reformed church is thoseonly regional church of the EKD, which do not have to exhibit closed area. This lies in the history of the reformed municipalities in Germany, which constitute a minority under the Protestant municipalities. Reformed municipalities developed usually from the basis or were introduced only to smaller rule. The single municipalitieswere often over a longer time almost completely autonomous. They united - if at all - then only very late to superordinate groups or churches. Here the municipalities of the reformed Lippi regional church form an exception, since the introduction of the reformed confession toLip a common regional church form.

Further it is to be also noticed that reformed municipalities, forwards approx. to 1850 to Prussia belonged, the union of lutherischen and reformed municipalities (Prussian church union) to have followed or partly also attach had, because the king at that time only one uniform Protestant regional church in its kingdom wanted. Thus e.g. belong. many reformed municipalities in the today's North Rhine-Westphalia due to the then union to the respective regional churches and not to the Evangelist-reformed church.

Most reformed municipalities, which belong today to the Evangelist-reformed church, are in the northwest Lower Saxony,further distribute themselves on the remaining Lower Saxony and on Bavaria. Furthermore individual municipalities belong in Baden-Wuerttemberg, Hessen, Mecklenburg and Saxonia to the regional church. In all these areas there are also lutherische or university ores municipalities. So it can be that it in a cityseveral lutherische and/or. , belongs those gives university ores to municipalities to (regional) the regional church and besides one or more reformed municipalities, which belong to the Evangelist-reformed church. Beyond that it gives until today in Germany in addition, reformed single municipalities, which do not belong to the Evangelist-reformed church. They belong in thatRule however - like the Evangelist-reformed church also - to the reformed federation, the “roof federation” of almost all reformed municipalities in Germany.

a very different history and tradition have history the reformed municipalities of the today's Evangelist-reformed church. It all would describethe framework of this article blow up, because with each of the 142 church municipalities more in greater detail would be to be dealt.

Most municipalities belonged in 19. Century to the Kingdom of Hanover, which became 1866 a Prussian province. In detail the reformed municipalities of the province Hanover belonged to the following earlier rule areas:

for all these municipalities of the province Hanover was issued 1882 a common Synodalordnung and formed by order of the king by Prussia in Aurich a church authority with collegial condition, the Konsistorium. Thus was those Evangelist-reformed church of the province Hanover (actual designation “reformed”, not reformed) developed. The Konsistorium in Aurich was however at the same time also Provinzialkonsistorium for the lutherischen municipalities in the northwest of the province Hanover. In the old Prussian provinces one had accomplished 1817 a union between lutherischen and reformed municipalities.This could not be realized within the province Hanover however.

To the “Evangelist-reformed church of the province Hanover” first the reformed municipalities were not taken up to Hanover, Altona, Hannoversch-Münden, Goettingen, Celle, Bueckeburg Stadthagen and Braunschweig. These formed 18 since that. Century the “Konföderation of Lower Saxony”, a special combinationof municipalities, which originate particularly from the huguenot tradition. But most of these municipalities joined later still the Evangelist-reformed church. Others formed however starting from 1928 together with the Evangelist-reformed municipality Goettingen and the reformed church Bayerns the federation of Evangelist-reformed churches of Germany. Butthe reformed church Bayerns stepped 1989 from the federation and closed the Evangelist-reformed church on (see below).

Already since 1866 there was Hanover (lutherisches) a Landeskonsistorium in Hanover within the province. The 5 before Provinzkonsistorien already existing (under it Aurich) became however firststill further led. To 1904 all, except that one in Aurich, were waived. This was to this administrative authority because of the characteristic of the parity (reforms and lutherisch) in Aurich.

Head of the Hannover Provinzialkirche, thus both the lutherischen and that reform church were the respective king of Prussiaas “summus episcopus”. Religious line the reformed church was incumbent on the Superintendenten in Aurich.

After establishment of the Evangelist-reformed church of the province Hanover 1882 further municipalities were taken up 1886 the university Universities of church municipality Freren/Emsland, 1901 the Evangelist-reformed municipality of Hanover. Furthermore developed in those years alsonew reformed municipalities, among other things in Hameln and Hildesheim.

After the First World War (omission of the nationalwonderful church regiment) both churches of the province Hanover became independent, by receiving 1922 own conditions. In equal numbers occupied the Konsistorium in Aurich was converted into a reformed Konsistorium and the Landeskonsistorium intoHanover became now responsible for all lutherischen municipalities within the province Hanover. From Aurich administered church called itself regional church of the province Evangelist-reformed now Hanover. The Konsistorium in Aurich became the “regional church advice”. The condition of the church came into force however only 1925 finally.In the future further municipalities were taken up to the church: Already 1923 the reformed municipalities Altona, Celle and Hanover CH flowing, 1927 the reformed municipality Luebeck and 1937 the reformed municipalities into Rinteln and Möllenbeck, which to the Evangelist regional church of cure-Hessen-forest-hit a corner before had heard. The area thatRegional church extended now for the first time beyond the borders of the province Hanover. But only after the Second World War and/or. after dissolution of the state Prussia 1947 the name of the church adapted to new conditions. Starting from 1949 the regional church called itself Evangelist-reformed church in Northwest Germany,which initial member of the Evangelist church in Germany (EKD) became.

In the year 1951 the natives of stuttgart followed reformed municipality, which had belonged before occasionally to the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg. Into the 1950er years pulled the church line because of the better traffic route (railway connection) from Aurich to empty(East Frisia) over.1959 gave itself the Evangelist-reformed church in Northwest Germany a new condition, which contentwise however essentially confirmed the old condition of 1922.

1971 followed the Evangelist-reformed church of the again created Konföderation of Evangelist churches in Lower Saxony .

1989 took place finally the probably largestoutward change of the regional church. At that time the Evangelist-reformed church in Bavaria followed and the increased church called itself starting from 1. February 1989 Evangelist-reformed church - Synode of Evangelist-reformed churches in Bavaria and Nordwestdeutschland. At the same time the condition of the church was also renewed. Outthe “regional church day” the “Gesamtsynode” became with the “Präses of the Gesamtsynode” at the point (so far “church president”). From the “regional church executive committee” the “Moderamen of the Gesamtsynode” became and from the “regional church committee” became the “Synodalvorstand”.

In the course the reunification of both German States of 1990 1993 also the reformed municipalities stepped intoBützow (Mecklenburg) and Leipzig with the branch municipality Chemnitz of the Evangelist-reformed church created in the meantime. One year later (1994) became Chemnitz Zwickau an independent municipality. As so far last municipality 1996 the “Wallonisch Netherlands municipality Hanau” joined the Evangelist-reformed church. Since that time it belongs just like the municipalities Leipzig,Chemnitz Zwickau and Stuttgart with all Bavarian municipalities to the Synodalverband XI.

line of the church

differently than with the lutherischen regional churches does not give it with “Evangelist-reformed church” hierarchy in the actual sense. The church is administered from the basis and gives only thoseTasks to next higher instances off, which it cannot settle locally. One calls this a “synodal presbyteriale” structure. The line of the total church is incumbent on the Gesamtsynode (to 1989 regional church day) with a Präses of the Gesamtsynode (to 1989 church president) at the point. The Generalsynode meets in empty.She is selected of the 11 Synodalverbänden. Its one calls members Synodale.
The Generalsynode selects the Moderamen of the Gesamtsynode (to 1989 regional church executive committee) in the rhythm of 6 years from its center, the constant agency of the Gesamtsynode, with the church president (to 2004 Landessuperintendent) as religious leader thatRegional church at the point. Further Synodale belongs to the Moderamen beside the church president of the Präses of the Gesamtsynode (to 1989 church president) and.

The Moderamen selects the Synodalrat (to 1989 regional church advice), a 4köpfiges management commitee of the church. The church president as well as honorary Synodale belong to it as a full-time member.

To 2004 to the Moderamen of the Gesamtsynode and the Synodalrat both the Landessuperintendent and religious director/conductor of the church and the president of the Synodalrats belonged (until 1989 president of the regional church advice) as legal director/conductor of the church on. These two full-time offices for line of the church became however with effectof the 1. May 2004 into the office of the “church president” merged.

today's offices for line

Präses of the Gesamtsynode

until 1989 was the title church president

church president

the office reached only the 1. May 2004 again production and combines the two past offices for line of the church, “Landessuperintendent” and the “president of the Synodalrats”, thosein the following to be called

  • 2004 - today: Jann Schmidt

earlier offices for line

Generalsuperintendenten and/or. Landessuperintendenten

to the 1. May 2004 was waived this office.

  • 1866 - 1903: D. Petrus George Bartels, Generalsuperintendent
  • 1903 - 1918: D. Hermann William Mueller, Generalsuperintendent
  • 1918 - 1927: Gerhard CO by, Landessuperintendent
  • 1927 - 1951: Walter Hollweg, Landessuperintendent
  • 1951 - 1963: D. Walter gentleman-bridge sen., Landessuperintendent
  • 1963 - 1987: Dr. Gerhard northgets, Landessuperintendent
  • 1987 - 2004: Walter gentleman-bridge June., Landessuperintendent

president of the regional church advice and/or. Synodalrats

to the 1. May 2004 was waived this office.

  • 1904 - 1925: Linnko Oderhoff, president of the Konsistoriums in Aurich
  • 1925 - 1937: Otto Koopmann, president of the Konsistoriums in Aurich
  • 1937 - 1946: ?
  • 1946 - 1958: Dr. Jur. Berthold Fokken, president of the regional church advice
  • 1958 - 1959: kommissarische line by Landessuperintendent gentleman-bridge
  • 1959 - 1969: Hans Gernot Dan, president of the regional church advice
  • 1969 - 1994: Dr. jur. Winfried pride, president of theRegional church advice, starting from 1989 president of the Synodalrats
  • 1994 - 2004: Seriousness Joachim Pagenstecher, president of the Synodalrats

structure of the regional church

at the basis stand the church municipalities as bodies of the public right with selected church executive committees, for the “church advice” and/or. “Presbyterium”, those together with the ministersthe municipality lead. The members of the church advice and/or. Presbyteriums calls one church-oldest and/or. Presbyter. They are selected by the municipality members.
Several church municipalities form together a Synodalverband (in the general administration a district comparably) with a selected Synodalverbandssynode and a Moderamen as management commitee, a Präsesmanages. The Synodalverbände is likewise bodies of the public right.
11 the Synodalverbände forms the regional church (in the general administration the Land of the Federal Republic comparably). A middle level, (in the general administration a governmental district comparably) does not give it in the Evangelist-reformed church.

Synodalverbände alsoto their church municipalities

if differently indicated the hot church municipalities always “municipality did not Evangelist-reform…”

Gesangbücher

the municipalities of the Evangelist-reformed church sing and/or. sang in the last year times from a multiplicityof Gesangbüchern. Each area partially. also individual municipalities had their own Gesangbuch. Above all Gesangbücher in the following specified had larger spreading. A uniform Gesangbuch of all municipalities of the today's regional church was only introduced with the current “Evangelist Gesangbuch”.

  • Hundred Evangelist songs first for the reformed municipalities inEast Frisia, Emden, 1852
  • Gesangbuch for church, school and house in the reformed municipalities of East Frisia, with permission of the church authority given change of the Cötus of the reformed Prediger; Emden, approx. 1870
  • Evangelist-reformed Gesangbuch; Given change in the year 1929 of evang. - reformed regional church of the province Hanover;later with the title “given change of the Evang. - reformed church in Northwest Germany”
  • Evangelist church singing book - expenditure for the Evang. - reformed church to Northwest Germany, Gütersloh among other things, introduced approx. 1969
  • Evangelist Gesangbuch - expenditure for the Evangelist-reformed church (Synode of Evangelist-reformed churches in Bavaria and Nordwestdeutschland), the Evangelist-age-formed church inLower Saxony, into community with the Evangelist church in the Rhine country, the Evangelist church of churches Evangelist-reformed by Westphalia, the Lippi regional church, introduced to use also into municipalities of the federation into the Federal Republic of Germany, Gütersloh/Bielefeld/Neukirchen Vluyn, at the 1. Advent 1996

Web on the left of

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)