the executive (of lat. “exsequi” = implement, also: implementing force or carrying out force) is in the state theory one of the three independent Gewalten (division of power) beside legislation (legislation) and Judikative (iurisdiction).

It covers the government (Gubernative) and the public administration (administrative one), primarily the execution of the laws is entrusted to which. Also the executive can notice standard-setting powers, for example with the right to decree of statutory orders. Regulations havethe status of laws, but rather from existing laws are not derived.


to Germany to the executive in Germany the Federal Government, the land governments, the Landesverwaltungen and all subordinate execution organs, like for example police and tax office.In addition, the district administrations (district administration office), city administrations and local administrations belong to the carrying out force of the municipalities.

The carrying out force is bound at law and right (see. also kind. 20 exp. 3 GG).


in that Switzerland is called the executive on federal level Upper House of Parliament and on kantonaler level government advice (rare Council of State or simply government). Upper House of Parliament and government advice is thereby both the designation of the committee, as well as the title of each member of the committee. The jurisdictions of the federation andGovernment advice are called Departemente (Ministries). The execution organs are subordinated to the Departementen.


in Austria is the executive on federal level the Federal Government and the Federal Chancellor. On regional level the federal state government (with the national advice) and the national captain.


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