Félix Houphouët Boigny

Félix Houphouët Boigny

Félix Houphouët Boigny [feˈliks ufwɛbwaˈɲi] (* 18. October 1905 in Yamoussoukro; † 7. December 1993) was from 1960 to 1993 a first president of the Ivory Coast.

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physician

Houphouët Boigny originated from a wealthy Pflanzerfamilie in the French colony at that time, after the school attendance in the then capital Bingerville visited it the medical Akadamie of Dakar. It made its exam for 1925 as Assistenzarzt and practiced until 1940.

politicians

in the Ivory Coast

1939 he became chieftain and worked as Pflanzer. The discrimination of African Pflanzer caused it 1944 the Syndicat Agricole Africain (SAA), the African farmer syndicate to base. As Vorsitzdender of this organization with approximately 20,000 - usually wealthier - members it had a country-wide political basis. A request was the fight of the hard labour practiced on many Plantagen.

From this organization end of 1945 the party portion of Démocratique de la Côte d'Ivoire ( PDCI) followed, the rural basis Houphouët Boignys around intellectual ones and student from Abidjan extended.

in France

with the elections to the condition-giving meetings in Paris he was selected in November 1945 and June 1946 as a delegate. In Paris Houphouët Boigny followed with the communists allied „republican resistance union “. After the first draft for the condition IV. Republic in a referendum had failed and the second draft of fewer rights for overseas territories planned, met the African delegates in October 1946 in Bamako. There Houphouët Boigny was selected to the chairman of the collection movement Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (RDA), to that most prominent persons French Africa belonged. With the elections from November 1946 he became a delegate of the national assembly. After separating the communists from the government the RDA came under pressure of the colonial authorities. After bloody unrests in the Ivory Coast became against Houphouët Boigny to 24. January 1950 a warrant of arrest issue, against which however its parliamentary immunity protected it. Center of the 1950er years oriented itself it away from the communists and to politicians such as Robert Schuman and François Mitterrand. 1956 he became a Minister and works with gas clay/tone Defferre to loi the cadre, the framework legislation for French overseas territories.

After the collapse IV. Republic was it at the elaboration of the condition for V. Republic takes part and until April 1959 Ministers under Charles de Gaulle. After the return to its homeland he took over the government there. De Gaulle appointed it in July the advisory Minister of the French community. At the end of of 1959 decided also Houphouët Boigny for independence, to 7. August 1960 into force stepped.

president

with the elections of 27. November 1960 he was selected with 98% of the voices to the president, in the parliament received its PDCI RDA in the absence of other parties all seats. In its 33-jährigen rule it maintained close relations with France, which was considered to country as relatively wealthy and politically stably. Only into the 1980er years its rule was confronted with increasing economic problems. 1983 let the capital of the Ivory Coast from the coastal town Abidjan shift Houphouët Boigny after its birth city Yamoussoukro in the interior. The world largest church Basilika Notre-Dame de la Paix, built after the model of the Peter cathedral in Rome, was established on its initiative in Yamoussoukro. Until 1990 the Ivory Coast under Houphouët Boigny was a one-party system. With the first multi-party elections to 28. October 1990 came Houphouët Boigny on 81,68% of the voices, while later president Laurent Gbagbo received 18.32%. With the parliamentary elections later the past unit party PDCI RDA 163 of the 175 seats won one month. After its death later the office for president ignored three years on Henri Konan Bédié, the chairman of the national assembly.

trivia

Institut Polytechnique Félix Houphouët Boigny in Yamoussoukro is designated after Houphouët Boigny.

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