Factory

the factory (lat. fabrica: Workshop) is a mechanism for the industriellen large-scale enterprise, who combines a larger number of different jobs and by machines, production coworkers and a management commercial products manufactures. The owner and/or. One called operators of a factory in former timesManufacturer, today usually as entrepreneurs. Also one calls the building, in which this mechanism is accommodated, factory.

Table of contents

factory and Manufaktur

differences becomes the factory of that Manufaktur, in which each machine was aligned to the production of only one product, whereby the machine equipment was used usually only slightly and was worked above all by hand. Here it was also possible for the persons employed to produce in home working. The mechanisma factory however consists of some machines (buchhalterisch the fixed assets) for several work procedures, which makes an increase for the productivity possible. With increasing Bürokratisierung and division of labor the term factory was replaced by work or enterprise.

history

Die "Alte Fabrik" als ältester Teil der Textilfabrik Cromford (1783). Sie war die erste Fabrik der aufkommenden Textilindustrie auf dem europäischen Kontinent.
the “old person factory” as the oldest part that Textile mill Cromford (1783). It was the first factory of the arising textile industry on the European continent.

In the early period of the formation of Manufakturen (still during the trade guilds) these were nationally promoted, since one saw the possibility in them of increasing the export of valuable makesto take and urgently needed cash. The actual upswing of the factory nature and hereby the transition from Manufakturen to factories begins with the arising of efficient mechanical devices in late 18. Century, the beginning of the industrialization. In particular the invention of the steam engine and its application in thatEnglish textile industry as starting time area of the industrialization and the modern factory one regards again and again.

The mechanism and use of these machines could take place only with large Kapitaleinsatz, which could not be carried out by many small, relating to crafts working little businessmen. This development led in many industries to large-scale enterprises,which at that time usual house enterprises and independent small firms in the consequence of sinking prices for manufactured articles from many ranges displaced. The emergency situation of craftsmen, accompanying with it, was enough until far in 19. Century inside and let doubts about the necessity for manufacturing enterprises arise at that time even.

sociology of the factory

the factory displaced on the one hand certain groups at producers, on the other hand one it created a whole number of further fields of work however beside the producing workers: Commercial mediator, technician, custodian and an official. The transition from productions relating to crafts and agrarian to the industrial manufacturing was socially consequence-fraught. Itcaused among other things the following changes:

  1. Dwelling and work space to separate
  2. the work space serve only the work purpose
  3. the work routine to rationalize and for routinisieren

in the course of rationalization, globalization and automation work in Western Europe less and less humans in the factory, and they come into the situation,to have to manufacture by work compression and work agitation ever more products in ever shorter time, in summary: the productivity can be increased.

to legislation

for legislation in connection with factories, see industrial safety, environmental protection.

Wiktionary: Factory - word origin, synonyms and translations
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)