fist ball is a setback play for two crews with five players each.
table of contents
fist ball is a setback play, with which two crews on two half fields face each other, similarly as with the Volleyball. They are separate those by a center line and a cord (also line called), between two posts into 2m height is strained. Each crew consists of five players, who try, in such a way to strike a ball with the arm or with the fist over the line into the opposing half field that it is not attainable for the other crew.
The ball may jump up between each contact by a player once on the soil, however only within the playing field. Per play course it may by maximally three different players be affected, must then however at the latest by the third player over the line to the opponent be rewound.
The line was replaced in the last years of the better visibility because of by 5 cm a broad netlike volume. It may be affected neither by a player nor by the ball (errors). The ball becomes with the defense and with passes on with the inside of the stretchedLower arm easily, with the attack with the fist struck. If it affects the stretched palm or other parts of the body than the arm, it is rated as error.
is played to points. If a crew makes an error, the other one gets one point, even ifit no impact had. The crew, which committed the last error, makes the next impact. Won the crew, which decided first three (with championships or tournaments sometimes two) sentences for itself. A sentence ends at 20 points, whereby at least 2 points differenceto be must. The sentence is however at the latest at 25 points to end (25: is thus possible for 24). In some play classes or with tournaments also a play is on time possible (z. B. two half times à 10 minutes).
as most important errors (and with itPoint for the opposing crew) are rated:
- The ball or a player the line or the posts affect.
- The ball affects the soil outside of the playing field.
- The ball affects the soil twice one behind the other, without a contact was by a player between them.
- The ball becomeslaterally to the post past or underneath the line in the opposing field easily. It may be played only above the line and between the posts extended mental upward in the opposing half field.
- More than three players of a crew affect the ball during a play course (at the latestthe third player must carry the ball in the opposing half field).
- A player affects for the second time within a play course the ball. If three ball contacts take place, it must be three different players.
- The breaking open player affects or crosses with the impact the 3-m-Linie (service line).
- The ball affectsanother part of the body than the upper or lower arm or the fist. Just as little may be affected the ball with the palm.
field and resounding season
fist ball is no seasonal sport. In the summer (field season) one plays it in the free one on the sports field (field size 50x 20 m). In the winter (resounding season) in resounds played, whereby the drawn in hand ball field is then used as Spielfläche (field size 40 x 20 m). In is each wall contact resounds by the ball an error. The cover may be affected, except with the attempt, thatBall over the line in the opposing field to strike (errors).
the playing field
with the field fist ball is fixed the playing field size on 50 x 20 m (25 x 20 m per half field). With the resounding fist ball the rule sees a shorter field of 40 x 20m forwards (20 x 20 m per half field). There this the regular size of a hand ball field corresponds usually the external lines existing for it is used. The service line is in each case 3 m far away from the center line. It may not be affected with the impact. The lines belong toField, D. h. if the ball affects the line, is this no error and it is further-played.
The line or the volume is strained between two posts. The upper edge is in 2 m height (men) and/or. 1.90 m (women). To the playing field also one belongscertain discharge zone, which is drawn in in the free one (8 m to the rear; to 6 m at the sides), in resounds however by the wall and/or. Grandstands is limited (minimum: 1 m to the rear and 0.5 m at the sides).
the fist ballis hollow, air-filled and consists of leather. It must be evenly round and tautly inflated. For the play in and for different joke run gene in the Freifeld offers the trade of balls with different surfaces resounds on (z. B. Nature leather, plastic coating, rubberized surface).
Its weight can varybetween 320 350 gr (women) and 350 380 gr (men). Its extent must amount to 65 68 cm, its air pressure between 0,55 and lie 0,75 bar. It is thereby in approximately as hard as a match football (0.6 0.7 bar) and somewhat harderas a Volleyball (0.29 0.32 bar). Also its extent is similar to that of a football and/or. Volleyballs.
The ball can reach 100 120 km/h with a full strike. Its care is a science for itself. Each crew has its own care methods (z. B. grease,grow, treat with care sprays), in order to adapt it to own play tactics as well as the outside play conditions.
contrary to the Volleyball, where the players rotate and after each impact changeanother position take, has in the fist ball each player its firm position. It may be exchanged in the play at will, but this is rather uncommon, since usually each player is a specialist on its position. A further difference to the Volleyball is that that the fistball game fieldmuch more largely, a fist ball crew however a player is less has than a Volleyballmannschaft, whereby each individual player must take off much more area, in order balls to erlaufen. However the ball may jump up between each contact of a player once on the soil.
Dependent on the underground (resoundsor lawn, fast or slow soil, z. B. on wet roads) the list changes. In the illustration two different lists are to be recognized:
Crew A shows the typical list in the field season (W-form). The Zuspieler takes the front centre zone off, around briefly playedTo be able to erlaufen balls directly behind the line. However it must take with the fact in purchase that it has a short response time with straight-line, hard strikes by the center only for the defense.
Crew B shows the typical resounding list (U-form). There the ball in thatResounds is rather calculable and thus short attack balls are not so effective, the Zuspieler withdraws itself to the rear Auslinie for the defense. However it has to carry thereby the largest Laufpensum out, since it to pass on again and again forward run must.
On international levelalso in the field usually in the U-form one plays, since it offers better defense possibilities, which possess player however sufficient basic speed against hard attack balls, in order to be able to still erlaufen briefly into the center struck balls.
To be exchanged may arbitrary on each play position, but only with ownImpact or one time out, whereby each crew per sentence can take a time-out up.
the instruction (impact)
impact force, accuracy and an optimal course of motion are necessary, around the instruction (also impact called) to the full effect cometo leave. The server tries to obtain a direct point to make or at least the structure of play more difficult with the opponent. The ball is met usually with the inner surface of the fist. Full force reaches the ball however, if one it with the hand edge clenched to the fistmeets. The risk to the miss is larger thereby because the impact surface is smaller than with the inner surface of the fist.
A variant, which control only few, is the so-called round impact. The stretched arm describes a round movement from the rear forward, meeting places is the interior lower armor the fist top side. The flight path of the ball is hardly to be foreseen for the opponent, and the round impact permits also steeply struck balls on the opposing aggressors.
With the indication the Schlagmann behind the service line (3-m-Linie) must stand. If it takes approach, then the first ground contact must directlyafter the ball contact (and/or. with a jumped instruction the landing) likewise behind the line take place, otherwise it is rated as false indication.
it gives different impact variants:
- straight-lined with full force into the gap between Zuspieler and defense players,
- with side cut, so that itself the ballbetween aggressors and defense players in-turns,
- strongly down begun to cut and briefly behind the line put,
- as Aufsetzer before the legs of the opponent,
in order to call only some.
The indication and/or. the impact is, as with many ball plays, often pure nerve thing. If it is too bad, it facilitatesthe structure of play of the opponent. Also a linen contact or a Ausball can be easy the result with to high risk. An impact ASS can serve however a crew come into arrears as motivation and leads thereby pretty often to a turn in the play.
of the defense players prepares the own attack with skillful covering work. Without successful defense no attack. A good opposing attack ball can hardly be attained in running. Usually the last meters in the Hechtsprung are put back, around the ball still tooreach, before it affects for the second time the soil. Thereby the inside of the lower arm is not exact behind the ball, D. h. in the flight path, the ball jumps uncontrolled laterally away. Particularly this applies, if the ball is wet.
also large force oneStrike to take out by proportioned withdrawing of the arm when meeting is an art, which control only few. To a good defense player skill, speed, reactivity, security to the ball, position play as well as the courage belongs to the physical employment. This absolute employment of each player is it, which the dynamics of theFist ball haven constitutes.
of the Zuspieler or structure players affected substantially the kind of the following attack. It must be able, its attack player from each position to pass on also within and outside of the playing field, the ball precisely ( to place called).
if the ball between pass on and strike to jump up is (indirect pass on), must the Zuspieler it in such a way to compute that it after jumping up its highest point in approx. 2,50 to 3 m height if possible in linen proximity has, because it then tomost effective to strike is. The ground condition, distance must to the line and possibly. the wind direction in the calculation to be pulled. In addition should the ball ideal-proves something forward spin to have, which the aggressor can use to his favour. In addition, it can be passed on directly from air,if the repelled ball jumps far forward to the line.
A good aggressor is without good passes on only half worth.
above average impact and jump strength (the balls reach a speed of over 100km/h), view for weaknesses in the position play of the opponent as well as variable linen play and large impact repertoire are the substantial characteristics of a good aggressor (Schlagmanns). Its task is it apart from the impact to sink a successfully repelled ball with the opponent and thus score. It uses the forward spina ball well placed, in order to shoot from the approach in the jump with full force into the gaps of the opposing defense. It is ideal, if it leaves thereby the opponent over kind, direction and speed of the attack as for a long time as possible in the unclear one. As has is the case for the indicationit also with the strike from the play most diverse variation options. On its play way and its hit rate in the special measure success or failure of its crew depends.
a characteristic gives it with the attack in resounds. The discharge beside the field mostly is by the wallslimits very closely. This circumstance one takes advantage of, by the Zuspieler tried to put the ball with pass on exactly over the line so that the Schlagmann can strike him by a bouncing ball before the feet of the opposing aggressors against the wall. That may Aggressors over the line seize, it however do not affect. Against these attack balls there is no genuine defense chance. The only remedy is the block.
of one of the repelling Schlagmänner tries thereby, that arm stretched by the opponent to the line ball placed withto block. Since it is naturally missing thereby in the defense chain, the four-he defense latch plate is pulled apart. The ends of block Schlagmann it can decide in addition, in last second to return to the defense because he sees that the opposing ball was badly passed on. That means for its four crew colleagues,to go within seconds into the old defense position. In addition pronounced play understanding and good tuning belong within the crew.
variant small field fist ball
something similar as with the Volleyball folder Beachvolleyball gives it in the fist ball a variant, however not the same value possesses and foralso (up to the youth range) no official set of rules exists. With the small field fist ball field size and linen height are reduced, so that it is possible, even with fewer players, z. B. two against two to play. A goal of the play is usually, the number of the ball contacts of the particular andto increase thus the training intensity. In addition further rule modifications are possible, for z. B. up to four ball contacts per play course, or the ball may also outside of the playing field the soil affect (defense and pass on) and must only with the play over the line in the opposing half field be struck,or the ball may be played only with the lower arm over the line etc.
Typical playing field sizes are for example:
- Playing field 18 x 9 m (Volleyballfeld), 3-4 players, linen height 160-200 cm
- playing field 20 x 10 m (child and youth range), 3-5 players, linen height 140-160 cm, four ball contacts possible
- Differently numerous further variants, which are adapted to the own needs,
in order to arrange small field fist ball attractive for the training enterprise, exist to playing field 8 x 4 m, 3 player, linen height 140 cm Von Verein to association and from regional organization to regional organization.
Holds for some time with thatso-called.Rotation a new small field play system introduction, which is in some German regional organizations as well as in Austria and Switzerland particularly in the youth and beginner range in testing. On the small field four play against four, and to in each case five played points all players always rotate around onePosition in the clockwise direction. Thus it is ensured that everyone is used a time long on its favourite or unloved position. A goal is the advancement of versatile basic skills as well as promoting weaker players, who are in front right pushed away otherwise frequently on the less fastidious position,since there the few opposing attack balls come according to experience.
a fistball game by an arbitrator one leads, who is supported by two Linienrichtern.
The arbitrator possesses the exclusive power of decision. It decides in last instance on point or Error. Since the Linienrichter stand relatively far away from it, it is responsible also for observing the collateral line on its side. With league plays or internationally the arbitrator needs an appropriate license. With tournaments special arrangements are permitted and usual.
The Linienrichter are to thatfrom the arbitrator from seen opposite field corners standing stations. Standing therefore, in order to be able to evade to the players with actions outside of the field definition. Their task is similar to the Linienrichtern in the football. With championships and within the international range they possess an adequate arbitrator license. Apart from the announcement of out balls(High-hold flag) or they draw the attention of the arbitrator to property goods (direct flag downward) to rule offences or other important game situations, z. B. Exchanges, injuries, Unsportlichkeiten, handicaps within the discharge range etc. In the lower play classes also Linienrichter without license are used. Their task is essentially limited to it,To indicate out and property goods. The observation range of the Linienrichter is „the own “baseline as well as the collateral line up to the center.
when exactly the fistball game „“became invented, is not not well-known. Als sicher gilt jedoch, dass die Wurzeln im südlichen TeilEurope lie, possibly in Italy. Already three Jh. v. Chr. a play is to have developed there, with which a ball from leather had to be met with arms and fists. Probably thereby fist ball belongs to the oldest kinds of sport of the world. That experienced the first written recordingsFistball game already in the year 240 n. Chr. by Gordanius, emperor von Rom. 1555 wrote Antonio Scaino the first rules for an Italian people sport, the balloon play.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe writes „Italian journey to 1786 in its diary “: Four noble Veroneser struck the ball against four Vicenter; they drove otherwise under itself, whole years, about two hours night ago.
Only in the year1870 introduced George weber the fist ball haven to Germany. Mainly claimant of Turnern as ball haven to reconciliation, fist ball was considered soon as Turnersportart. 1885 were turnfest demonstrated for the first time it in Dresden with German country. 1894 wrote George weber as well as Dr. Heinrich fast firstGerman set of rules, which made a sport with a match character from the balance and society play. The play and counting method differed however substantially from the today well-known fist ball haven. The ball had to be played in such a way over the line that the opponent could reach and rewind it. For this reasonno flat, hard, but as high a balls as possible were played. The number of successful linen crossings was counted, and the crew with most valid estimates went as a winner from the place. Since hardly existed to sport resounding at that time, the play took place mainly in the free one.
In this timespread the sport into surrounding, above all German-language, neighboring countries, and German emigrants carried the sport into all continents, particularly to South America and southwest Africa.
On the occasion of the German turn celebration 1913 in Leipzig the first German championship of the men was delivered, where thatLLB Frankfurt with 114:101 against MTV the Munich won. By the 1. World war from 1914 to 1920 no German championships were delivered. 1921 follow the first fist ball championship for women, where that was victorious Hamburg TS with 91:90 against the TV Krefeld. Fist ball, stillTurnerbund attached, a balance sport for Turner, but its own kind of sport had become not longer. Already 1927 took part in Germany nearly 12,000 crews in the organized fist ball haven.
By the fast spreading of the fistball game and the improvement of the play talents further changes in the set of rules became necessary.Thus since 1922 any more the valid estimates are not counted, but the errors made by a crew. Thus play way and tactics changed substantially, the play became more athletic and more dynamic.
The Second World War stopped again the advancement of the fist ball haven. Only starting from 1947 was it againpossible to accomplish regularly German championships. As consequence of the achievement-oriented development following on it 1960 the international fist ball federation (IFV) was created. 1969 were organized fist ball within the German turn he federation by a federal specialized committee, the 1990, like all other olympic and internationally operated achievement kinds of sport, in a so-called.Technical committee one converted.
fist ball today
modern fist ball main in Europe and South America played, isolated also in North America, Africa and Asia. Most spreading finds it in countries with high German-language emigrant portion. Prominent fist ball nations are Germany (9x world champion of men,2x WM women), Brazil (2x WM of men), Austria and Switzerland (1x WM women). Further fist ball nations are: Italy, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Canada, Namibia, Tschechien, Denmark, Japan, India, the USA, Greece, Malta, Mexico, Poland, Spain, Taiwan, Ukraine and Hungary.
There were the first world championships, which take place every four years, in the years 1968 (men) and 1994 (women). Beyond that continental championships find instead of (z. B. European championships) as well as continental championships on association level (European Cup, South America cup,Africa cup, world cup, IVF cup). In most countries with numerous fist ball trailers national championships are delivered from federal leagues to circle and gau leagues, by men, women, young people and pupils.
Acting world champion with the men is Brazil, who defeated 1999 Germany scarcely in the final game, after Germany with thatnine preceding world championships had triumphed. Brazil defended 2003 in the own country its title, likewise against Germany. With the women Swiss 2002 the title got themselves against Brazil.
in Germany gives it a split federal league: North and south. The threecrews bestplazierten in each case play the German masters during a separate tournament out.
Fist ball is not olympic, but since years with the World Games represent. Apart from well-known kinds of sport such as football, tennis or Leichtathletik the fist ball haven a fringe group existence fristet. For this reason is also not „the large money “in the play, why fist ball applies with many as a sympathetic and uninfluenced sport, with which it to players and fans equally around the sport as such goes and not salaries the excursion for club membership to give.
in the followingTables are the acting masters of international and national competitions.
|Meistertitel||title carrier||final game opponent||sentence result||venue||date|
|world champion of men||Brazil||Germany||20:12, 20:13, 20:8||postage Alegre (Brazil)||23. November of 2003|
|world champions Mrs.||Schweiz||Brazil||16:20, 23:21, 25:23||Curitiba (Brazil)||10. November2002|
|World Games winners of men||Austria||Brazil||20:11, 14:20, 15:20, 20:17, 23:21||Duisburg||24. July of 2005|
|European champions of men||Austria||Germany||20:17, 20:13, 20:15||new village (Switzerland)||29. August of 2004|
|European champions Mrs.||Deutschland||Switzerland||20:16, 20:11||tubing brook (Austria)||20. August 2005|
|Meistertitel||title carrier||final game opponent||sentence result||Venue||date|
|world cup of men (field)||Sogipa postage Alegre (BRA)||FBC Askö Linz Urfahr (AUT)||14:20, 16:20, 20:15, 20:18, 20:18||Windhoek (Namibia)||8. October 2005|
|world cup Mrs. (field)||Sogipa postage Alegre (BRA)||TV Voerde (D)||18:20, 16:20, 20:17, 20:13, 20:13||Windhoek (Namibia)||8. October 2005|
|European Cup field of men||union send to free city (AUT)||FBC Askö Linz Urfahr (AUT)||20:15, 20:17, 12:20, 20:15||free city (Austria)||3. July 2005|
|European Cup field Mrs.||Ahlhorner sports association (D)||FBS streaks (CH)||20:16, 20:9||Jona (Switzerland)||3. July 2005|
|master resounds men||TV Westfalia Hamm||TV GH Brettorf||20:5, 10:20, 21:19||Ebersdorf||27. February of 2005|
|masters resounds to Mrs.||TV Voerde||TV Jahn Schneverdingen||14:20, 20:13, 20:11||Stuttgart master home||6. March of 2005|
|masters field of men||TV Westfalia Hamm||TV GH Brettorf||20:9, 20:10||Waibstadt||17. September of 2005|
|masters field Mrs.||TV Jahn Schneverdingen||TV Voerde||20:14, 16:20, 20:08||Waibstadt||17. September 2005|
|master field of men||KTV Widnau||fG Rickenbach - Wilen|| 2:0 victories |
3:0 (20: 15, 20:10, 20:11)
3:2 (11: 20, 17:20, 20:15, 20:17, 20:14)
|Widnau||11. September of 2005|
|masters field Mrs.||FBS streaks||STV Wigoltingen||2:0 (20: 17,20:9)||Vordemwald||25. September of 2005|
|masters resounds men||KTV Widnau||fG Rickenbach - to Wilen||3:0 (20: 14, 20:12, 20:15)||Widnau||20. February of 2005|
|masters resounds to Mrs.||FBR Embrach||FBS streaks||2:1 (15: 12, 12:15, 15:11)||Jona||27. February 2005|
- Hanspeter Brigger/Hanspeter Erni, Faustball:easily ( info.) Simone
- Pfenninger, fist ball learn: 1000 Trainigsideen (info.)
Web on the left of
federations and result services
- http://www.faustball-liga.de official side of the German fist ball federal league
- http://www.dtb-faustball.de the official fist ball side for Germany
- http://www.faustball-ergebnisse.de result servicefor fist ball in Germany
- http://www.faustball-links.de world-wide link list (associations, federations, championships)
- http://www.faustball.ch Swiss fist ball commission FaKo CH
- http://www.ifa-fistball.com internationally Fistball Association (IFA)
- http://www.oefbb.at side of the Austrian fist ball federation
- http://www.jugendfaustball.de youth side for fist ball in Germany
- http://www.faustball.it official side of the Italian fist ball federation (FIF)
fist ball sets of rules
- specified in the above article apply for homepage) [
- work on ] fist ball photo picture gallery photo of national and
- tournaments 2004 picture gallery photo of national and international tournaments to the adult range. For young people andTo Minis see sets of rules.
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