February (lat. Februaries = clean) are since the Julian calendar reform in the year 45 v.u.Z. the second month of the yearly - calendar. It was designated after the Roman cleaning celebration Februa. In the South German linguistic area, in particular in Austria, South Tyrol as well as that Pfalz, he also Feber is called.
The intercalary day actually is the 24. February, D. h. in leap years 23 becomes after that. February one day pushed in, which however only for the church holidays and name days of importance is, itself of 24. February and the following daysin leap years on the 25. February etc. shift.
The old German name is Hornung, because the cattle hörnt themselves in this time. Further common names were fusion moon and Sporkel or Spörkel. With gardners was in former times the designation Rope month (rope moon) usually.
The designation fool moon for February therefore agitates that in this time the old early spring and fertility rituals were held, in order to drive the Dämonen out of the winter. Under the influence of the Christianisierung these omitted ceremonies became as Fastnacht(Seize-seizing eight, Fasnet) or carnival to the days before ashtray Wednesday limits, so that this fool time always ends in February.
In the Roman calendar February was originally the last month. For this reason received exactly this month at that time surplus intercalary days attached, a custom, which kept by the Julian and Gregorian calendar reform through.
February beginsalways with the same weekday as the June of the previous year.
Bank-technically February has like every other calculation month 30 interest days.
the Feber in Austria
Feber is the official designation of the second monthly of the yearly in Austria andto use for example in bureaucracy. The use of the expression was partly zurückgerängt by German influences since the Second World War, so that contrary to January today February uses already frequently and into the colloquial language in-crept.
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|Wiktionary: February - word origin, synonyms and translations|
|Wiktionary: Hornung - word origin, synonyms and translations|