Ferdinand III. (Kastilien)
Table of contents
Ferdinand became as a son of the king Alfons IX. of León and Berenguela of Kastilien, daughter Alfons' of the noble one of Kastilien, 1199 born. It became after the death of its uncle Heinrich I. 1217 king of Kastilien and after the death of its father 1230 also of León, which now beside Asturien and Galicien with Kastilien to some, indivisible, on which oldest son inheritable kingdom one combined. Thereby the foundation-stone was put to the size of Kastiliens and for the destruction of maurischen power in Spain.
Ferdinand won after several victoriesover the Mauren (particularly with Jerez de la Guadiana 1233) Córdoba 1236, Jaén 1246, Sevilla 1248, Cádiz 1250 and other cities, so that the kastilische rule was enough to to the southern sea.
Only the Kingdom of Granada was omitted the Mauren, butkastilischer upper rule. The consequence was a massive emigration of the Mauren from the countries conquered by the Christians; the staying were suppressed in hard way. At all Ferdinand was a large enemy of each shedding tables opinion; it donated several dioceses, created the cathedral of Toledo as well as the university Salamanca, rendered around the civil legislation large service by the Código de completed by its son read Partidas and the Roman translation of the law book valid for the Mauren of Córdoba and became for its earnings/services around the catholic faith 1671 of Pope Klemens X. kanonisiert.
- Alfons X. (1221-1284), king of Kastilien and León
- Fadrique (1223-1277) (murdered by its brother Alfons)
- Ferdinand (1225-1243/48)
- Eleonore (1227?)
- Berenguela (1228-1288/89), nun in read Huelgas
- Heinrich, El Senador (1230-1304)
- Philipp (1231-1274), married with Christine of Norway, daughter of king Håkon IV.
- Sancho (1233-1261)
- Juan Manuel (1234-1283)
- Maria (1235)
to death the Elizabeth 1235 went to Heinrich with Jeanne de Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu the marriage (before August 1237). They had the following children:
- Ferdinand (1239-1269), count von Aumale
- Eleonore of Kastilien (1241-1290), marries with Eduard I., King of England
- Luis (1243-1269)
- Ximen (1244)
- Juan (1245)
- the life andthe Minister Ferdinands, the archbishop Rodrigo Jimenes of Toledo, in the Cronica del santo rey Don F described the acts. III.
Web on the left of
|This article is based on a in common-free text („public domain “) from Meyers encyclopedia, 4. Edition of 1888-1890. You can remove this reference, if the text reflects the up-to-date knowledge conditions to this topic and this is occupied with sources, if he thatcurrent linguistic requirements been sufficient and if it does not contain valuations, which hurt the Wikipedia principle of the neutral point of view.|
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Ferdinand the holy one, Ferdinand II.,|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||as Ferdinand II. King of Kastilien and as Ferdinand III. King of Spain|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1199|
|PLACE OF BIRTH|
|DYING DATE||31. May 1252|