Table of contents
organization of the Feuerwaffen
- of cannons
- you by several persons are served and its progressive movement is connected with an important effort. They form the primary weapon of the artillery.
- Hand-held weapons
- you are handled by individual humans and can relatively easilyare transported. They form the primary weapon of the infantry. A hand-held weapon operated with only one hand is called also handgun.
Feuerwaffen were used into Europe briefly to the introduction of the gun powder starting from 1325. First firm became places with themdefended or also attacked, since their transport was very ponderous as field gun at first. Soon however the weapons became more easily and led to a completely new kind of the conduct of operations. If the personal fight man against man was crucial before the introduction of the Feuerwaffen, then the action at a distance formedthe new weapons new combat tactics out: the Geviert list of the infantry disappeared completely and replaced by a less deeply echeloned list up to the highest at that time conceivable fire effect with tactics Friedrichs of the large one, to linear tactics.
The artillery placed the cannons for a largerMass effect up.
The weapon technology improved likewise. The smooth pipe was displaced by the pulled pipe, which made better accuracy of fire possible. The front loader was replaced by the Hinterlader, which led to a higher firing frequency. The introduction of the smoke-weak powders on the basis of the Zellulosenitrate made possible upReason of the larger energy and small smoke development Feuerwaffen of all calibers and firing frequencies starting from 1890. Already in the middle 19. Century still led out the invention of the unit cartridge and the squib rifle with application of the black powder to fast shooting from lying covering.
A phenomenon which can be observed with Feuerwaffen is the so-called muzzle flash.
the UN-Feuerwaffenprotokoll became with resolution 55/255 of 31. May 2001 in the 55. Meeting of the UN GV discharges. Thatofficial titles of the resolution is
“Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing OF and Trafficking in Firearms, Their parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United nation Convention against transnational Organized Crime”
on German approximately:
- „Minutes against the bad production of firearms, pertinentParts and components and ammunition and against the bad trade with it, in addition of the convention of the United Nations against the transnational organized criminality. “
Minutes define Feuerwaffen in article 3 as follows:
“For the purposes OF this Protocol:
(A) “Firearm” sound mean any portablebarrel LED weapon that expels, is designed tons expel or May readily converted tons expel A SHOT, bullet or projectile by the action OF to explosive, excluding antique firearms or their replicas. Antique firearms and their replicas sound defined into accordance with domestic law.Into NO case, more however, sound antique firearms would Inc.-load firearms manufactured after 1899;”
On German approximately:
- „… in the sense of this minutes
A) the expression names „firearm “each portable Feuerwaffe, exception antique firearms or their reproductions, pellet, ball or another projectile by means of propellantby a run fires, which is built for this purpose or which can be converted easily for this purpose. Antique firearms and their reproductions are defined after domestic right. Among the antique firearms do not rank however under any circumstances after 1899 manufactured firearms; … “
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