Fidus (civil Hugo Höppener, * 8. October 1868 in Luebeck; † 23. February 1948 in Woltersdorf) was a German painter and Illustrator.

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it were born on 1868 under the name Hugo Höppener as a son of a Konditors in Luebeck. 1887 it was sent to Easter by its parents on the preparatory school of the residents of Munich academy. After few months it followed the circle of the painter and Naturapostel Karl William Diefenbach (1851 - 1913) in Höllriegelskreuth , from which it received its stylistic coinage and the artist name “Fidus” (the faithful one). It used up itself the lebensreformerischen ideas of the Vegetarismus, the Lichtgläubigkeit, the nudist sunbathing and a natural way of life. Anarcho socialist conceptions of land reform and vegetarian Pazifismus controlled the world of thought of the young Fidus. 1889 decreased/went back Fidus to the residents of Munich academy, opened theosophisch spirituellen trains of thought. It represented from now on a mystische nature religion and used themselves for ideas of a Sexualreform. Specific art nouveau of its pictures was enriched from now on with esoterischen symbols - Lotosblüten, Eiformen, crosses and sun characters -. The cyclic circle structure of the life, the return of the man to the göttlichen nut/mother lap, the fusion of the sexes and the release by the light were always recurring motives for picture. Besides it sketched plans to gigantic temple plants for a new nature and light religion, in which the people should meet to the devotion. Its most famous picture became the “light prayer” developed in repeated execution. It shows a young, slim, nearly androgynen man on a mountain summit, the arms in form of a life rune spreading and the sun anbetend. Around 1900 Fidus was one of the most well-known painters of Germany. Considerable contacts existed for the intellectual surrounding field of this time, for example to Willy minister or Arthur Moeller van bridge, likewise to the Friedrichshagener poet circle, to which Heinrich and Julius hard as well as Gustav Landauer belonged. It protected besides close contact to the garden city - movement, for land reform movement and to the moving bird. 1912 it created the sinking George federation, which should turn against the “kite of the materialism”. Fidus worked as Illustrator for the residents of Munich “youth”, the “Pan” as well as numerous books. 1905 appeared the May fixed special issue of the social-democratic magazine “forward “with a title page sketched by Fidus. 1908 it referred a house in Woltersdorf, even sketched, with Berlin. When the First World War broke 1914 off, Fidus had turned völkischen and right-conservative thoughts to Schwaner by the influence of William. However it expressed against the general Hurra Patriotismus, demanded themselves instead of its that Germany should free itself from cultural foreign influences, in order to fulfill a moral mission for the world. After 1918 Fidus at artistic influence lost, also materially went it to it more badly. It made the artistic internationalism (expressionism, Dadaismus andnew Sachlichkeit “) and the capitalistic marketing tendencies responsible for this misery.

1932 - 1932

it occurred 1945 the NSDAP. But already 1925 it had in the writing “race-race-learns itself” against the utopia of a “pure racing victoryness” turned. The Germans are therefore historically a mixing people, and it depends only on the mental Durchsonntheit of humans, not on race characteristics. Despite hopes into the new government to support despite asking letters at Hitler and Goebbels, its temple art financially it was rejected to a large extent by the new ruling powers. The SS-newspaper “black corps” mentioned it 1936 as Verkit nordischer art. Its request for introduction of it developed “newGermanic writing” 1936 abruptly one rejected. A planned Nürnberger art exhibition to the realm Party Congress 1936 burst, because Hitler had shown up in such a way at the sight Monumentalportraits already found “angewidert” that he instructed to send back all works. 1937 was seized Fidus briefcases and the sales was forbidden by Fidusdrucken. Hitler let besides the spreading of his haven advice on postcards, painted by Fidus, forbid. Zermürbt criticized Fidus the National Socialist culture functionaries as “Kulturbonzen” and a “barbarian”. It remained faithful to Stilistisch for its unorthodox in the time very atypical “soft art nouveau”.

after 1945

also after the Second World War it represented its “light-German” thoughts further, got now orders of the Soviet Militärkommandantur in Karl refuge for the preparation of Stalin and Lenin pictures. For the SED it painted besides Rudolf broad-separates. 1946 it joined the free-religious municipality in Berlin and admitted themselves as a voter of the CDU. 1948 died Fidus in Woltersdorf at an impact accumulation.


  • Wolfgang de Bruyn: Fidus. Künder of all light-cash, Berlin 1998
  • Janos Frecot, Johann Friedrich spirit, Diethart Kerbs: Fidus. To the aesthetic practice of civil Fluchtbewegungen. Extended new edition, Hamburg 1997
  • Claus m. Wolf impact: The painter Fidus and the evaluation of its work in the light of the postwar research. In: Yearbook for conservative revolution. Wesseling 1994
  • Michael Neumann: Fidus - Ikonograph of the youth. In: Gerhard Ille, Günter charcoal burner (Hrsg.): The moving bird. It began in Steglitz. Berlin 1987
  • Rainer Y: Fidus of the temple artists. Phil.Diss., Göppingen 1985 (2 volumes)
  • Manfred Wedemeyer: Fidus - Magnus pasture man, an artist friendship 1920 - 1948. Kiel 1984


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