Filipino

Filipino is the national language and one of the official languages of the Philippines apart from the English. In addition it is determined by the Philippine condition of 1987. The language is member of the Austronesi language family and been based primarily on the Tagalog. Over it the inhabitants of the Philippines call themselves as Filipinos (dt.: Philippiner/in).

To 13. November 1937 created the first national assembly of the Philippines Institut for the national language (Surian ng Wikang Pambansa), which Tagalog intended for the basis of the new national language. After arguments with the representatives of the other regional languages particularly in the 50's one designated it 1961 (other sources speak of 1956) in Pilipino over. finally 1978 received it its current designation Filipino and for the instruction language at all public schools were intended. Today there are itself still groups, refuses Filipino speaking, for example in the area around Legazpi, in which traditionally Bicol is spoken. Nevertheless that does not change for anything in the fact that it is the furthest common language on the island state.

With the development of the national language which is based on the Tagalog Lope K wrote. Santos the Balarila ng Wikang Pambansa and introduced the Abakada with 20 letters, in which only one letter each a basic sound of this language represents meaning. The 20 letters of the Abakada are A b k D e g h i l m n ng o p r s t u w y. Institut for the national language of the Philippines weihte the new language 1973 . When language develops to be lingua franca the islands it took over many words of the differently Philippine regional languages, even if the grammar has the Tagalog to the basis. 1976 consisted the alphabet of 31 letters including the 26 letters of the English of alphabet plus the Spanish letters ñ, ll, rr and CH and the tagalischen ng. In the actual use the Digraphen is regarded however as the two letters, of which they consist. 1987 were again revised the alphabet, by removing the coming from the Spanish rr , ll and for CH again, whereby 28 letters remained remaining.

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