Fra Filippo Tommaso Lippi (* approx. 1406 in Florenz, † around the 8. October 1469 in Spoleto) was an Italian painter of the early Renaissance. Its works draw by fine alignment and careful perspective organization background (in particular landscapes) out.
Lippis painting was affected, just like with Masaccio, strongly of the Perspektivlehre of the architect Brunelleschi and by the plastic realistic representation method of the human figure by the sculptor Donatello. It maintained an important workshop in Florenz, where also Sandro Botticelli and its son Filippino Lippi were trained.
both Lippis father, a butcher, and its nut/mother died, when it was still another child, and it was drawn up by its aunt. With it was accepted in the Karmeliterkloster Santa Maria del Carmine to Florenz and remained there until 1432. Its it made first steps in the painting probably there. In the neighbouring chapel of the Brancacci he could study the works Masaccios and become acquainted with so already early its techniques and mode of expression. Between 1430 and 1432 he implemented some works for the monastery, which were destroyed however 1771 by a fire.
Finally Lippi left the monastery, however probably first not by its Gelübde was relieved. In 1439 a dated letter he speaks of itself as the poorest monk of Florenz and reports that he carry the responsibility for six marriagable nieces. 1452 he was appointed the Kaplan of the convention San Giovannino in Florenz, 1457 the rector (Rettore Commendatario) of San Quirico in Legania.
Its bio graph Giorgio Vasari tells of some strange and romantic adventures of Fra Filippo, but today's bio graphs are inclined to reject these narrations. Except of Vasari nothing is well-known over its journey after Ancona and Neapel, and also not over its intermediate capture by Berberpiraten and its enslavement, from which allegedly its talent in haven guessing painting freed it.
In June 1456 Filippo in Prato established itself , in order to paint the Fresken in the choir of the there cathedral. Before it took up the actual work on it, it made 1458 to a picture for the convention chapel San Margherita in Prato and became acquainted with themselves thereby Lucrezia Buti, the beautiful daughter of the Florentiners Francesco Buti. It was either Novizin or a young woman in the Obhut of the nuns. He asked for the fact that she sat model for the portrait of the Madonna or the San Margherita. With it it burned through then; the result of this love was Filippino Lippi, which became likewise a painter.
Fra Filippos last work were the Fresken in the Apsis of the cathedral of Spoleto. While this work died it, and the work became terminated by Fra Diamante.
- Fresko: “Confirmation of the Karmeliterordens” (1432, Florenz)
- “Verkündigung of death at Maria” (1437-1438, Florenz)
- “the coronation/culmination of the virgin” (1441-1447, Florenz)
- Tondo: “Madonna with child” (1452, Florenz)
- fresco cycle: “Scenes from the life of the Hl. Stephanus and Johannes of the Täufers " (1452-1457, Prato)
- “Anbetung of the child in the forest” (1459, Berlin)
- “Madonna with child and two angels” (1465, Florenz)
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|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of Italian painters of the early Renaissance|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1406|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Florenz|
|DYING DATE||around the 8. October 1469|