Felt

of these articles describes the Textilie. Other meanings under beer covers, corruption and nepotism, as well as the municipality felt (the Eifel).
Different pieces from felt

felt is a fleece material from wool and/or other textilen fibers. The cleaned, combed, andto zun fleece and possibly colored raw wool or fibers prepared by a usually mechanical treatment (felt and milling) into a solid material is brought (textiles planar formation with defined characteristics according to DIN 61205). The individual fibers are with one another devoured thereby unordered.

manufacturing methods

wet felt or milling (summarized according to DIN61210 under the term of milling felt) free fleece with warm water (steam) and soap (alkaline felt assistance) is the traditional, processing relating to crafts of wool or from Tierhaaren. In combination with warm waterand soap sets up itself the highest shed layer (Cuticula) the sheds of the hair. Milling accomplished at the same time causes a mutual penetrating of the individual fibers. The set up sheds become wedged so strongly into one another that they are not to be solved no more.The workpiece shrinks thereby strongly and it arises a solid material (textiles planar formation). The final form can be worked out thereby smoothly from a piece. Felt-mill becomes only art relating to crafts in Europe due to its high expenditure of time, in the hobby orPädagogikbereich accomplished. Milled felt is industrially manufactured also still in Europe. Then it has DIN61200 and DIN61206 Nr.2.1 in the DIN standards standardized characteristics to exhibit. The firmness of milling felt is specified by its specific weight. There milling felt from animal fibers, toPart under admixture of Zellwolle, concerns it exists thereby a natural product which is biologically degradable.

With Trockenfilzen dry wool is brought with the help of special needles into a form. This method is the forerunner of the ennobling alsoa needle bar.Nadelfilz is manufactured mechanically with numerous needles with Widerhaken. Here the Widerhaken is arranged turned around as with a harpoon, so that the fibers are pressed into felt and the needle out-goes easily again. By repeated in-stung becomethe fibers devoured with one another and possibly afterwards chemically or with water vapour gives subsequent treatment. Such needle of bonded fabrics can be made not only from wool, but also of practically all other fibers. Nadelfilz is today usual industrially manufactured felt. In addition is hooks with a pulsed water jet or with a bonding agent possible. Here also fibers without shed structure can be used (z. B.: PP, polyester).

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Figure from felt of Doro Röhler

Loden (milling off) is first woven and felted only afterwards. Loden playsin particular in Bavarian and Austrian Trachten an important role. The word Loden is in 10. Jhdt. as lodo (milled Wollgewebe) in addition, occupied, can come from the medium high German lodi (coat) or altnordischen lodi (zottiger coat).

The tradition art-relating to crafts of felting becomesin recent time of many humans and small firms again discovers. A customs art, the above all durable, warming and beautiful articles of clothing develops (e.g. Scarves, jackets, the west, hats, slippers and slippers) covers, but increasingly also figürliche work includes. This kunshandwerkliche feltincreasingly also as leisure hobby one discovers. Felt courses and felt books show, how it goes.

areas of application

  • Kleidungstücke
  • technology
    • seals (e.g.: Antifriction bearing, felt washers and felt strips according to DIN5419)
    • oiler
    • stripper with the stealing and aluminum cold-rolling
    • pianos and music instruments
    • Noise insulation
    • of Trockenfilze during the paper trade
    • glide layer
    • leg of a chair glider
  • contemporary art, about Joseph Beuys

transferred meaning

  • as felt is also understood, if a group on persons like that it is from each other dependent that they support each other with each corruption mutuallymust. In consequence its one speaks also of a felted system.
  • Certain ones uniform articles of clothing were in former times manufactured from felt (- materials). Therefore felt, as a phenomenon organizing the society.
 

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