Fjodor Iwanowitsch Tolbuchin

of these articles is concerned with marshal Tolbuchin. For after it designated the Bulgarian city in the Dobrutscha see Dobritsch

Fjodor Iwanowitsch Tolbuchin (Russian ФёдорИвановичТолбухин, wiss. Transliteration Fëdor Ivanovič Tolbuchin; * 4. June 1884 in Andromiki in the Oblast Jaroslawl, Russia; † 17. October 1949 in Moscow) was a Soviet army leader and marshal.

Fjodor Iwanowitsch Tolbuchin was son of a farmer. After he had been in the tsarist army officer and a battalion commander last, he joined 1918 of the Red Army . In the civil war was chief of staff of a division. 1941 he was chief of staff of a military district Odessa. In the Second World War it was 1941 chief of staff of the 9.Armee, 1942 chief of staff of the Krimfront and commander in chief of the Soviet 57. Army in the battle of Stalingrad, of August 1943 until May 1944 he was commander in chief of the south front, those on 20-October 1943 in 4. Ukrainian front renamed, and thus in the back conquest of the Krim one took part.

To June 1945 Tolbuchin was commander in chief of the 3. Ukrainian front, with which it weakened afterwards the army group south in the operation Jassy Kischinew in the former Bessarabien (today Moldavia) crucially and took parts of Hungary and Austria (conquest of Vienna to 13. April 1945). To 8. It met May 1945 in Erlauf in Lower Austria the troops of the USA.

After completion 2. World war accepted it the post of the commander in the military district Transkaukasus and became member highest Soviet of the USSR.


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