Flavia Iulia Helena Augusta

Statue der heiligen Helena im Kloster Lichtenthal
Statue der heiligen Helena im Kloster Lichtenthal

Flavia Iulia Helena Augusta (* 248 / 250 in Drepanom (heute: Karamürsel) in Bithynien, † probably to 18. August around 330 in Nikomedia (today: Izmit), also Sank Helena or falsely Helena of Konstantinopel was the nut/mother of the Roman emperor Konstantin the large one.

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lives

Helena became according to predominant opinion 248/250 in Drepanon in thatProvince Bithynien at the Bosphorus as a daughter of a restaurant operator/barkeeper family born and was at the beginning of even as Herbergswirtin active. Actually you were not possible with this low origin social ascent.

She married the Roman officer Constantius Chlorus and brought between 272 and 280the common son Konstantin to the world. Constantius Chlorus could be separated, in order to marry the stepdaughter of the emperor Maximian. It was adopted by Maximian and appointed 293 in the context of the Tetrarchie the Mitkaiser (Caesar). After the death of Constantius Chlorusits son Konstantin transferred the army of the father and by this in the today's York to the emperor was proclaimed. It got its nut/mother Helena after its accession after Trier.

Follis of the Helena
Ae of the Helena

during its husband Constantius ChlorusHeath was, could Helena 312 be baptized, after its son Konstantin had triumphed against its opponent Maxentius in the name of the Christian God with the battle at the Milvi bridge with Rome. In the year after Konstantin in Milan issued the tolerance edict andterminated thereby Christian pursuit among its predecessors.

After the certification citizen of Milan of bishop Ambrosius and the Eusebius traveled her aged, in the age of probably 76 years, to Palestine. There she knows around 326 in Jerusalem there bishop Makarioson the fact that the excessive quantity after under one of the Romans in 2. Century Venustempel established the grave Christi to lie must - this temple was established from emperor Hadrian after the bar Kochba rebellion, around the admiration of the grave by the Christiansto terminate. Because were already in the first 100 years after Jesus Kreuzigung the Golgotafelsen (the place of the Kreuzigung) and that about 40 m removed grave places of the admiration for the increasing municipality of the Jew Christians. As Hadrian after striking downthe rebellion in the year 135 over the destroyed Jerusalem the Colonia Aelia Capitolina created, weihte it the city of its favourite goddess Aphrodite. It established a large temple, which it consciously on the earlyChristian Heiligtümer for it at the west edge of the forumset. A high terrace covered the holy grave and even the whole Golgotafelsen, on which a Stele of the goddess rose. It is to be owed to this artificial terrace that the two places remained.

Helena arranged excavations, howamong other things Reliquien of the holy cross and the place of the holy grave were found. Whether the Reliquien is genuine in the sense that they actually come from the Kreuzigung Jesu or also only genuinly in the sense that it at allfrom the time around 33 n. Chr. come, is disputed. Over the grave and the cross location place they and its son Konstantin let a Basilika establish, the grave church in such a way specified. Also the birth church in Betlehem and the late destroyed Eleona- Basilika on the oil mountain decrease/go back on Helena. The holy Helena is also the foundress of many other buildings of churches into and around Jerusalem as well as in other places.

Tomb of the Hl. Helena in the church Santa Maria in era Coeli

as a death year329 is most probable, because thereafter no more mintings exist from it, even if the dying date is indicated in different sources between 329 and 335. It probably died to 18. August 329 in Nikomedien (Izmir). Today their Gebeine rests allegedlyin a large Porphyrwanne under an octagonal structure of altar in the left transverse house in the church Santa Maria in Aracoeli.

Helena became among other things the Schutzpatronin of the nail nagelschmiede because of the location of the Kreuznägel Christi, of those one in the Bamberger cathedral, onein the holy lance to Vienna and a further in the Roman church Santa Croce in Gerusalemme is admired. Their holiday is the 18. August.

One of the most well-known representations of the holy ones is at one of the four main columns thatDome of the Peter cathedral. A created monumental statue of Andrea Bolgi Helena with the cross Christi shows 1639. Over it a chapel is with balcony, into the 1629 on instruction of the Barberini Pope Urban VIII. the largest in Rome still receivesPiece of the cross from the church Santa Croce was transferred into Gerusalemme.

The shape of the Helena appears also in figurative representations of the nine good heroines, it is in this ikonografischen row a representative of the Christianity.

In the Trierer cathedral rulesitself Helenas Kopfreliquie.

Finally it is noticed that the prädikative assignment is wrong „from Konstantinopel “. It comes from the time of the crusades, as one from probably propagandistic considerations the empress into the geographical proximity of the Christian Byzanz moves and/or. turned around thoseinflexibly, city constant in in connection, threatened by the waste, with the holy one to bring wanted. In truth Helena with Konstantinopel has to do not too much. Neither it was born in the city Byzanz, nor it had there or in (again) later establishedand developed Konstantinopolis longer time lived. Their point of food lay in Trier, why the prädikative assignment for Helena would be more applicable „from Trier “.

literature

  • Marion room Bradley: The Priesterin of Avalon.
    Historical novel from the view Helenas (barking trichloroethylene TIC).

pc. - healing well churches

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