|geographical location||of 43° 47 ' N 11° 15 ' O|
|height||of 50 m and. NN|
|surface||102 km ²|
|population density||3453 Einwohner/km ²|
|postal zip code||50100|
|ISTAT - code||048017|
|protection patron||San Giovanni Battista|
Florenz (Italian Firenze) is an centralItalian city at the river Arno with 382.000 inhabitants. It is capital of the Toskana and the province Florenz. Because of its cultural meaning - in particular forthe art - Florenz is called “Italian Athens”.
Table of contents
major item: History of Florenz
on the hills at the river Arno had itself already in the respected century v. Chr. the antique people of the Etrusker settled. The Romansin the first century v. gave the reestablishment of a small settlement. Chr. the name Florentia ( the Blumige). Fast a correct city with a forum , thermal baths and a Amphitheater developed.
With the fall of the Roman realm the city becamewhile the people migrations nearly completely destroys. Only with the arising of the Feudalismus the city expanded in 12. Century and became autonomous. The citizens won at power, and it came to embittered quarrels between the emperor-faithful Ghibellinen and the later victoriousTrailers of the Pope, the Guelfen.
in 14. and 15. Century (modern times) flowered the city up and set the yardsticks in the European art and culture. Many artists and scholar settled themselves on (e.g. Donatello, Botticelli; late Michelangelo, Machiavelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo Galilei). The culture-historical epoch of the Renaissance developed.
Florenz became at the same time handels and financial center. The rich family of the Medici rose in 15. /16. Centuryto a great power up. They promoted further the arts and science and governed the city. But the cultural meaning of Florenz shrank in 17. Century.
Only in 19. Century begins a new economic upswing. Florenz becomes the goal of education journeysand part of Italy. Florenz was between 1865 and 1871 the capital of Italy.
the historical old part of town of Florenz
the historical old part of town of Florenz reflects the outstanding achievements of the city in the area of architecture again. Here are in particularcountless buildings of the time of the Protorenaissance up to the rule of the Medici in 15. and 16. Developed for century, which reflect the enormous economic and cultural meaning of the city at this time. The emergence countless buildings of the city became thereby throughthe bankers and buyers of the city, promoted. Florentische architecture is in particular by at the beginning the 15. Century by Brunelleschi, Donatello and Masaccio principles of Renaissance architecture formulated coined/shaped, which attained meaning the far beyond city. Thosehistorical old part of town of Florenz was taken up 1982 to the UNESCO - world cultural heritage, whereby it means for this in the request that “each justification for this ridiculous and unverfroren is”, there itself here the “world largest accumulation of universally well-known works of art”< ref name= " Florenz world culture ">Advisory Body evaluation < /ref> find.
- Roman one: Baptisterium San Giovanni (11. /12. Century), San Miniato aluminium Monte (11. Century)
- romanisch--gothical: Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore (12. - 14. Century), Orsanmichele (1337)
- gothical one: Santa Maria Novella, Santa Croce (with tombs of Dante, Michelangelo, Galileo Galilei, Machiavelli among other things), Basilica di San Lorenzo (390 based, 1425 of Brunelleschi converted) and the Medici chapel, both with the tombs of the Medici)
the Middle Ages
Further objects of interest
- Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana after plans of Michelangelo
- Florentiner cathedral
- Giotto's Campanile
- Baptisterium San Giovanni with Paradiespforte
- Ponte Vecchio
- university (1321)
- Accademia dell' Arte del Disegno
- Palazzo Pitti and Boboli garden, behind it the Belvedere with its view overthe city
- national museum in the Bargello
- archaeological museum
- national library
- Institut and Museum for science history
- Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi
- San Marco
- San Miniato aluminium Monte
- arts and crafts (decoration, leather and straw processing)
culinary is Florenz also for thoseProduction of Cantuccini admits.
- Girolamo Savonarola(† 1498), Dominikanerprior, Bussprediger
of sons and daughters of the city
many Popes, actor, writer were born in Florenz, see sons and daughters of Florenz.
interior opinion of the dome of the Florenzer of cathedral
Ponte Vecchio - direction San Miniato
hexadecimal time: The “Meridian of Florenz ", 11° 15 ' O (Greenwich) is defined in a new, suggested , hexadecimal geographical coordinate system as hexadecimal Nullmeridian. The Greenwich Meridian is the first western Hauptmeridian concerning Florenz. The first eastern Hauptmeridianruns by Delphi in Greece.
(Cf. Map: Hexadecimal earth coordinates, 4 about all 10 s wechsende Gifs.)
Web on the left of
|Commons: Firenze - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- travel guides over Florenz: Information about thoseCity Florenz (German/English/Italian)
- Städteportrait of Florenz with objects of interest, museums and churches
- Florence: Virtual travel into the town center OF Renaissance (English/Italian)
- official Site of the city (ital., English)
- panorama OF Florence by satellite
- photo gallery
- private Website with photos of Renaissance palaces
- photo report on a journey Florenz
Coordinates: 43°46'N, 11°15'O
Bagno A Ripoli | Barberino di Mugello | Barberino Val d'Elsa | Borgo San Lorenzo | Calenzano | Campi Bisenzio | Capraia e Limite | Castelfiorentino | Cerreto Guidi | Certaldo | Dicomano | Empoli | Fiesole | Figline Valdarno | Firenzuola | Florenz | Fucecchio | Gambassi of terms | Greve in Chianti | Impruneta | Incisa Val d'Arno | Lastra A Signa | Londa | Marradi | Montaione | Montelupo Fiorentino | Montespertoli | Palazzuolo sul Senio | Pelago | Pontassieve | Reggello | Rignano sull'Arno | Rufina | San Casciano in Val di Pesa | San Godenzo | San Piero A Sieve | Scandicci | Scarperia | Sesto Fiorentino | Signa | Tavarnelle Val di Pesa | Vaglia | Vicchio | Vinci